Hypnotherapy for Remembering a Traumatic Event

Hypnotherapy for remembering a traumatic event

When some people experience a traumatic event, they repress that memory far back in their mind so they don’t have to think about it. This can result in not even remembering the trauma for most people. Unfortunately, repressing a bad event in the back of the mind can result in a lot of future problems. Each person is different, but the mind normally works in similar ways for most people. Hypnotherapy for remembering a traumatic event can be very useful.
Suppressed memories could manifest themselves into making an adult obese, untrustworthy or even a criminal. Sometimes traumatic events can subconsciously change the way a person thinks, which is why these issues arise. There are a lot of people who walk around having absolutely no idea that they had a traumatic event happen in their past. Getting help is important for anyone that wants to recover from issues they are having in the present.

 How Hypnotherapy for Remembering a Traumatic Event Works

When someone goes to therapy like this, otherwise known as regression therapy, they will be put in a relaxed state. This isn’t like hypnosis that is seen on television when someone has to walk around and act like a chicken. The Hypnotherapist will gradually work up to accessing different memories. This works much like a tape recorder does since most memories will be played back with vivid detail. The patient will still be awake and able to respond, but they will be accessing different parts of their memory.
Normally these memories are huge events that happened during childhood. This could mean being raped, being abused, having a family member die or a number of other things. The therapist is going to ask questions that will lead to the patient remembering these things from their past. Sometimes it can be too much for them to handle; which means it could take several sessions to fully get the entire story. When the patient is woken up out of the relaxed state, they will be able to remember all the memories they pulled from their past.

 How Hypnotherapy can help Someone?

This therapy can help people navigate through their past and find out why they act the way they do today. For example, some people who are dangerously obese eat their feelings because they were raped in the past. Instead of dealing with the emotions of being physically abused, they repressed all of them and started eating. Normally this is a gradual weight gain that is obvious from right after the abuse happened. This is just one example of how trauma can affect someone without them even knowing it. There are a lot of other ways this can affect each individual and change their life. In fact, many serial killers have pasts that involved traumatic events. These events and not dealing with their emotions are what make them so violent and unhinged.
Being able to work out feelings with a therapist is extremely important. Once all the memories have been brought to the conscious mind, they can start to work themselves out. The therapist is going to work with their patient to determine what needs to be done. It is going to take many sessions for most people to come to terms with the events that happened in their past. Talking out these things can make a big difference with the way someone acts in the present and future. Most patients end up shedding a lot of tears and feeling relief by letting these memories come to surface.
Therapy can result in a person having a better attitude, not being violent, quitting certain behaviors and so much more. The patient is able to talk out memories and feelings, which is probably something they weren’t able to do in the past. The therapist is going to ask a lot of questions and become an active role in their life. Having a safe space where the patient can talk about their trauma is extremely important when it comes to the healing process. After the emotions from the past have been worked out, the future can become a lot brighter. It does take a while to re-build, but it can be done with the help of a therapist. Without hypnotherapy it might be impossible for some individuals to remember any trauma at all.
Interested in learning more, click this link: Hypnotherapy

Legal Nurse Consulting: Expert Witness

Legal Nurse Consulting: The Nurse as Expert Witness

Exploring The Nurse As An Expert Witness

It is not unusual for an attorney to utilize a nurse as an expert witness when the malpractice issue involves another nurse. There was a time when the attorney would have sought this information from a physician, but times have changed, and many states have ruled that expert testimony about a nurse should come from a nurse. The need for expert nurse witnesses is growing, and the job is not as easy as some might expect. The requirements to be an expert witness are many, and the job responsibilities are even more demanding once received. Let us explore the journey to becoming a nurse as an expert witness.

 The Nurse

The registered nurse is a highly sought after profession that involves providing personal health care to patients in a wide range of health care applications. To be a nurse one must complete the educational requirements necessary for specific specialties and degrees. There are various levels of credentials that can be earned in nursing that cover some 200 areas of certification. The more credentials a nurse have the better should they desire to become an expert witness.

 The Nurse As An Expert Witness

Some believe that an Expert Witness Nurse must be credentialed as a Legal Nurse Consultant. However, the two are not necessarily the same. The legal nurse consultant may well be an expert nurse witness. But, conceivably, any nurse may serve as an expert witness in a malpractice case and deliver an expert opinion.  An expert witness must maintain all of their existing credentials, qualifications, and be clinically active at the time of testifying. It is best if the nurse is certified, and current on the most recent procedures and related information. The basic mission of the expert witness is to conduct a review of the case and decide if the case should be pursued.
Should witness testimony be required from the nurse, they would utilize their experience, training to provide a scientific and technical opinion on whether or not there were deviations in the heath care standards surrounding the issue involved. Some malpractice areas where the expert witness nurse might be required include falls, misuse of medication, bedsores, or any deviation in the nurses function of adhering to applicable health care standards.
The expert witness is often used to show that the patient was not protected because a colleague administered substandard care. They may also determine if charts were accurately filled out, and to report incompetence by the nurse involved in the issue.

 The Role Of A Nurse As An Expert Witness

The expert nurse will review all records associated with the medical issue in question, and then provide their professional opinion to the retained attorney, as to whether or not the given case should be pursued. This requires a great deal of research to ensure the expert can see all aspects of the case clearly. In most cases the expert will review the Administrative Code of the Board of Nursing for the state in which the issue occurred. Any pertinent information discovered by the expert witness should only be provided to the attorney on the case.
Many states ask that a Certificate of Merit be filed by the expert witness. This will be used by the state to determine if the case should be pursued. The expert will either need to deliver a written or oral report on their opinion. They may need to gather information involving the relevant standards regarding the issue in question. All information must be handled with care. Court decisions have been decided all too often because paperwork was mishandled or filing dates were not met. The expert must be prepared for extensive questioning on the stand in reference to their credentials and professional opinion.
It can easily be determined that the responsibilities of an nurse as an expert witness is not easy in any form or fashion. These expert witnesses can earn a lot of money for their efforts, but they develop a sound reputation for honesty, and sustain the credentials to back up their testimony. Whether they work for the defense or the prosecution, it is imperative that their homework has been done. A malpractice decision may very well rest on the expert opinion they provide.
Registered Nurses may learn more about doing expert witness work as well as legal nurse consulting by access information: click here.

Legal Nurse and HIPPA

Legal Nurse Consulting Corner

HIPPA Privacy Rules In Simple Terms

HIPPA stands for Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. This act, which was passed into United States law in the year 1996 under the mandate of President Bill Clinton, is intended to do several things at the same time. HIPPA is a very complex act that can seem inaccessible and difficult to understand to patients, entities and even some physicians. HIPPA privacy rules for health care are simply, when it comes down to it, a federal law used to protect patients from their information being used or released without their consent to other entities. This article discusses issues related to HIPPA as a review for practicing legal nurse consultants.

What Is Covered Under HIPPA

All your medical charts, your medical history, any conversation you might have with a medical professional, your billing information and any information on your insurance company’s computer systems are all protected by HIPPA from being shared to anyone unless it is necessary to do so.

When Is It Necessary?

When it comes to your care, if you are ever in an emergency, HIPPA allows for your medical history and information to be shared. Your information can be shared with your family or other caretakers, but you can stop this by putting a request in writing. Health professional are also allow it to be shared for billing, to protect the public’s health (if they think you might have an infectious or highly contagious disease, like the virus that causes SARS) or for the police to make reports on wounds. Doctors are not allowed by law to share any of this information with your employer and the information cannot be given to third parties that would use it for marketing or advertising.

Who Is Governed by HIPPA?

Not all health organizations that you are involved it will answer to HIPPA. Doctors, hospitals and insurance companies will, but if any other companies have your information like the place where you purchased life insurance, your employer, your school or even state agents, they do not have to abide by HIPPA.

What Are You Entitled To?

You can see your health records whenever you want, but you must submit a written request to get this done. You must say how you are going to use this information and who is going to see it. You may be charged for copies of your records.

What is a HIPPA form?

Health care providers need to inform patients how their information will be used and could possibly be shared. Health care providers must also ensure that the patient is always aware of his or her rights. This would usually be done in a HIPPA form. This is a document written in simple and straightforward language and it should ensure that the individual knows of his or her right to complain about any information being shared regarding medical records.

What Constitutes As A HIPPA Violation?

You might be accidentally violating HIPPA if you show your own medical records to a friend after having obtained them. Doctors and health insurance companies might be committing one if they are discussing your condition verbally or in a written form without your consent. A good indication of a HIPPA violation is if your medical records have been accessed too many times – this can happen due to curiosity and patients with very rare conditions are particularly vulnerable to this type of HIPPA violation.
Since its start, The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) has been a rather controversial law. Although many patients like the protection it provides, it can be difficult for physicians to make the right judgment calls when they do not have all the information available to make a difficult decision. There can be a court summons of someone’s medical records, but this is a complicated and very long process that hinders how effectively doctors can do their job.
It has also affected some medical researches because they are no longer allowed to look at statistical data on medical charts to provide a historical sample of significance in their studies. This means that doing a historical study of a particular type of disorder or disease could be near impossible.
Additionally, HIPPA is very complicated and it can be quite difficult to follow. That is why many people in the health industry need to have extensive training when it comes to it. Many legal nurses are well versed in HIPPA and provide consultations to health care organizations regarding the many issues involved in the Act. They also provide staff education and training seminars related to HIPPA issues. To learn more about legal nurse consulting, access here.

How To Deal With Grieving Children When A Pet Dies

Pet Loss Grief

The final ending of life is death. This concept may be easy to grasp but its effect may leave people devastated. The bond between children and their pets are unique and special. For a child his pet may provide companionship, love, entertainment, friendship etc. A child may consider his pet to be the closest living thing with which he can share his secrets, emotions, thoughts and such other feelings. Pets for children may be a perfect example of unconditional love, affection and loyalty. Children generally spend a lot of time with their pets, like playing with them, going for a walk with them, sleeping with them, watching television with them and so on. When the beloved pet of a child dies the special bond that they shared is broken and the child does not know how to tackle the situation. This article offers some suggestions for how to deal with grieving children when a pet dies.
Parents may ask how to deal with grieving children when a pet dies? The reality is there is no definite answer to this question as different children may react in different manner, depending upon the depth of the relationship that they shared with their pets, their age, and personality. A child on the death of his pet may feel sad, guilty, depressed, lonely, angry, betrayed and anxious, all at the same time. Such a situation is very tough for a child to handle and parents must provide the utmost support, understanding and sympathy.

 Feelings of Grief

In order to comfort their children parents should not give them false hopes, or try to replace the old pet with a similar looking one. The death of the pet may be a good time to reveal the true facts about life. The example of changing seasons can be a good way to make a child understand about life and death. The spring season can be compared with birth and winter season with death. Small children at first may not be ready to accept the truth and they may ask numerous questions. It is very important to answer these questions with patience and honesty.

After the death of their pets some children may exhibit drastic behavioral changes like getting angry regarding trivial matters, isolation from friends and family etc. Parents should note these changes and take time to talk with their children. Children should be encouraged to speak about their emotions, to express their fears and sorrows. Criticizing or judging a child for his reactions may not give favorable results. Grief is the natural outcome of the death of a loved one; therefore children should not feel ashamed to cry as it is a natural process to vent such feelings.

Parents must involve their children and ask for their suggestions regarding the funeral or memorial service for their pets. Family members and friends can write special massages regarding the good moments that they had spent with the pet. The child whose pet has died can be encouraged to write a good bye letter to his pet. It is very essential to make the child realize that the pet was loved by the entire family and everyone is sorry about the loss. Parents often have video recordings of special times that their children have spent with their pets. Showing such recordings can bring back the sweet memories which can be comforting for the child.

 Strategies to Deal with Pet Grief

Drawing pictures of the pet, placing a headstone at the site of burial, planting small plants in memory of the pet, donating money to charity for animals etc. are activities that a child can do in memory of his dead pet. Children may have their own ideas of what would give peace to the spirit of their dead pet. Parents should not ridicule should ideas. As a way of comforting their children parents can also share their stories of how they reacted to the death of their favorite pet or how they dealt with the situation.
Time is the biggest healer and this is the foremost point that should be considered while answering the question of how to deal with grieving children when a pet dies. With time the child will learn to live without his pet but the memory will always stay. Sympathy, love and compassion of parents can quickly heal the wounded heart of a child who has lost his or her beloved pet. To learn more about pet loss grief counseling, access here.

What Is The Difference Between Hypnosis and Hypnotherapy?

What is the difference between hypnosis and hypnotherapy? This is a common question that most of us ask while seeking options to better our health and our lives in general. Although these two terms sound just about the same, each stands for an entirely different meaning, with the common relationship between the two being that they both refer to ways of altering the state of the mind. So, what exactly is the difference between these two terms?
The Difference between Hypnosis and Hypnotherapy
The simplest way to go about expressing the actual difference between hypnosis and hypnotherapy is by defining them. The definitions provide a hint for the different meanings of these two terms in relation to the mind and consciousness.
To start with, hypnosis is simply a consciousness state where your mind becomes receptive and open to suggestions. It is a state of mind that most of us go through on a daily basis, for instance when daydreaming, when watching a movie, or when you fall asleep while reading a book!
Hypnotherapy, on the other hand, is a therapy form whereby a hypnotherapist and you both apply the hypnosis technique to try and identify your false beliefs with an intention of changing them so that you may move on in life.
Using a garden analogy to explain the difference in the above definitions, hypnosis is like sowing the seed and watering it so that it can germinate and grow in to a healthy plant. Hypnotherapy, on the other hand, is like weeding the garden so that you can remove any unwanted plants, the weeds.
What do each of these techniques do?
With hypnosis, there is an induction process, just like the process of sowing a seed, where you move in to a state of consciousness and through positive affirmations and suggestions, you change the things in your life that you are ready to change. You can get in to this conscious and relaxed state yourself or through the help of a therapist. The end result is a relaxed mind, a pleasant feeling, and openness to thought and behavioral changes.
Though not a substitute to professional medical and health care but a complimentary procedure, hypnotherapy is used to help people improve their lives through a number of ways. These include simple stress reduction and relaxation, helping individuals to withstand and manage pain, helping with trauma, coping with medical procedures, reducing functional disorder symptoms and the general well being of a person. It is a therapy option used to help people cope with emotions and trauma.
Who practices these techniques?
Anyone can go through hypnosis without the assistance of a second party. It is a relatively simple technique that can come in to play even when one is doing the simple daily activities like watching movies or reading books, with better effects being achieved if it is practiced consciously. However, a person who practices hypnosis on others is called a hypnotist.
With hypnotherapy however, you need the help of a hypnotherapist, who is a trained person to assist others with this technique. Besides hypnotherapy, a hypnotherapist usually has certifications and qualifications in some other professional training like mind science, counseling and therapy.
These qualifications allow a hypnotherapist to provide very in-depth inquiries and consultations before the actual therapy sessions so that they can tailor the most appropriate care procedures for a particular patient. Actually, most of these hypnotherapists work together with physicians where they receive referrals for patients who need such care.
Good to note here is that hypnosis should not be confused with the kind of hypnosis employed in entertainment, otherwise called stage hypnosis. This discussion focuses on the therapeutic hypnosis that helps a person to improve on a certain area of their life by clearing their mind and concentrating on activities and a mindset that may lead to possible solutions to their problems, which is more like meditation.

Are these techniques right for you?
Truth be told, hypnosis and hypnotherapy have had their share of controversies. However, they have been proven, time and time again, to produce much better results in resolving some disorders and diseases. For instance, hypnotherapy has been shown to be more effective than medication at treating irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). These methods are safe, side effects free, and if anything, they lead to a better sleep and a more relaxed you.
To answer the question of what is the difference between hypnosis and hypnotherapy, we can simply conclude that it is the approach and the intended purpose, with the basics being almost the same. For information on hypnotherapy courses, access here.

What is a Living Will?

Legal Nurse Consultation

One of the most difficult things that a family member can go through is having to make a important medical decision regarding a loved one who is unable to speak for himself or herself. The stress of making such a decision in a hospital or nursing home can be overwhelming to those making the decision. Additionally, if there is any disagreement within the family about what course of medical action to take regarding the loved one, the situation can only become worse. The living will can help relieve some of the burden in difficult times when a difficult medical decision is required.
The living will is a type of advanced health care directive used to instruct medical personnel about what measures to take on a patient who is incapacitated and unable to make informed decisions about his or her healthcare. Two other forms of advanced health care directives include a power of attorney and a health care proxy. The various directive forms work alone or in tandem to provide instruction to doctors and nurses. It is important not to confuse a living will with a living trust, which is a form of estate planning that distributes a person’s assets after his or her death. This information is brought to you by our legal nurse consultation post on our blog.
It is essential to have a living will because it informs medical personnel and your family of what kind of medical treatment you want in case you are unable to speak for yourself. This can include instructions for what you want to happen in the event of an accident that leaves you in a permanent vegetative state or instructions how to handle your medical care if you have a terminal illness which progresses to the point of you being incapacitated. A living will should be written by a lawyer to ensure that it is legal and will serve its purpose if the need arises.

Understanding the Living Will

A living will generally describes the types of treatment you desire in the event you become incapacitated. For example, if you are in a vegetative state after an accident or other medical event, a living will can instruct your doctors whether or not to keep you alive through the use of ventilators, feeding tubes or other medical means. Other treatments often described in a living will include whether to administer pain relief, perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or provide hydration.
The living will only becomes effective if a doctor certifies you as being terminally ill or otherwise permanently incapacitated. For example, if you have a heart attack and are unconscious laying in a hospital, but expected to recover and regain consciousness, your living will does not come into effect. You will still receive life saving medical treatment even though your living will stipulates that you do not want life prolonging medical procedures. That is an important distinction and essential to understand. A living will only comes into effect if you are terminally ill, in a permanent vegetative state or permanently mentally incapacitated.
If the situation ever arises where you are incapacitated and unable to speak for yourself, but your medical condition is not terminal or permanent, you should use a health care power of attorney or a health care proxy. Either one of these documents allow you to provide a third party, usually a family member or close friend, the legal authority to make health care decisions on your behalf in the event you are unable to express your wishes.
Being proactive and having both a health care proxy and the living will is both a responsible and loving thing to do. It removes the burden of making extremely difficult decisions from your family members if and when the time arrives. You do not need to be terminally ill to have the living will.

Creating a Living Will

To set up the living will and health care power of attorney, consult a lawyer who specializes in these documents in the state where you live. But before you consult with a lawyer, talk to your doctor about the different scenarios when a living will might be needed and what your options are for each scenario. It’s important to make an informed decision now, so your wishes are known in the event the living will becomes effective. Each state has slightly different variations in terminology and living will laws so a lawyer’s help is crucial. Additionally, once your living will is written, keep it in a safe place. Make sure your doctor and the person you select to have health care power of attorney know of its existence. Your living will does no good to you if nobody knows that it has been written. For more information on health care directives, you may want to consult a legal nurse consultant.

How to Write a Grief Sympathy Letter or Note

 Dealing with the Grief of Others

A sympathy letter is a formal and sincere way of sending your condolences to a grieving family member, friend, or colleague. It is usually sent or emailed during the first few days after the death of an individual. Sending a sympathy letter is a great way to empathize and give comfort to a person who has just lost a loved one.  Dealing with grief is a challenging journey. Those who grieve are generally very appreciative of the notes of condolences they receive.

 How to Begin the Letter

A grief sympathy letter often opens up with the writer acknowledging the death of the person. The writer may do this with lines such as “I am so sorry to hear of your loss,” or “I was shocked to hear about X’s death.” If the writer is writing on behalf of a group or company, he or she may write something like this: “I am writing on behalf of Y company or X’s friends to express our condolences for X’s passing.”  These lines not only serve as an appropriate opening for the letter, but also set the tone for the entire sympathetic theme.

 Acknowledge the Loss

After acknowledging the death of the person and the loss of the grieving party, the writer then expresses sympathy in the succeeding sentence or paragraph. The writer may say “Please find comfort in the love and good memories we have of X,” or “I want to express my sincerest sympathy for your sad loss.”  In this part of the letter, the writer condoles with the grieving party and offers words of comfort to the bereaved family.

Share Wonderful Memories of the Deceased

A sympathy letter should also have a few lines about the deceased person as described by the writer. These lines usually enumerate the good qualities that the writer admires and will miss about the deceased. The writer may say, “X was such a sweet and hardworking colleague, and I will miss him dearly,” if the deceased was a colleague, or “X was a sincere, loyal, and trusting friend,” if the deceased was a friend. In the next line, the writer shares a wonderful memory of the deceased to the grieving party. This is an opportunity to highlight the good qualities of the person who has passed away. The writer may cite how he or she met the deceased, their friendship, working relationship, or how the late person spoke affectionately about his or her family.

How to End the Letter

Grieving families will appreciate hearing words of love from just about anyone, particularly from people they know. This may be as simple as words of encouragement. One rule of thumb, though- never make any offer that you can’t fulfill. Some lines that writers can use for this part are, “If there is anything that I can do, I am just a phone call away,” or “Don’t hesitate to call me up if you need anything from me during these tough times.”  As a closing line, writers may end their letter with phrases such as “love,” “truly yours,” and “affectionately yours.”
Here’s a sample of a short but sincere sympathy letter:
“I am saddened by X’s death. No words are adequate to describe just how special a person he was. He always had kind words to say about everyone in the office. He also often told us how he loved you and his children. If there’s anything we can do for you, just give us a call. Our thoughts are with you and your family during these difficult times. Sincerely, John.”
Oftentimes, when one is faced with a friend who is grieving, it is hard to know what to do. Knowing how to write a formal sympathy letter can help one organize one’s thoughts and feelings in a coherent manner. For someone who is mourning the loss of a loved one, reading a simple sympathy letter is sure to make the loss a little easier to bear.
If you would like to learn more on how to become certified in grief counseling, then please review.

How Stress Management Therapy Can Help

Stress Management Therapy

Stress management therapy in it’s various forms, has the potential to do a lot of good in people’s lives. This is because stress can adversely effect our overall health for long periods of time, and have a large detrimental impact on our health during the course of our whole lives.
Many illnesses and ailments can be traced back to stress as a significant underlying cause. Increased stress levels can be a contributing cause or exacerbating factor to heart disease, irritable bowel syndrome, high blood pressure, frequent colds and many other illnesses.
Not only does stress effect us physically, but also mentally. The symptoms can limit people’s lives by causing them to avoid situations where triggers for their stress might arise. If an individual suffers from anxiety attacks or panic attacks, this can lead to them avoiding public places and becoming prisoners in their own homes.
Stress management therapy may not completely cure all the symptoms, or the underlying causes of the stress factors for everyone, but it can help people get to a stage where the effect of stress on their lives is diminished to levels where it is minimal. This will mean the impact on their lives from stress is vastly reduced, and both their physical and mental well being can improve dramatically.
It can encompass many types of proven techniques to help people suffering from stress to control and reduce the amount of stress they feel.

Stress Therapy Interventions

Relaxation therapy is one of the main forms of stress management therapy. This can help individuals feel relaxed in their normal daily lives, but it can also give the individuals a set of techniques that may help reduce their stress once the symptoms have been triggered. When a person feels a panic attack or an anxiety attack starting to occur, they can use relaxation techniques to head-off the problem before the symptoms culminate into a full-on attack.
Just as emotional stimulation can cause these attacks, there are relaxation techniques that can help manage them and prevent them from becoming a problem.
As mentioned earlier, these therapies do not only help at the time of the attack, but also help the patient be more relaxed during the course of their daily lives. A person who is in a relaxed state of mind is far less likely to suffer from these attacks. Relaxation therapy helps people reach this state of mind by simply teaching them how to relax. It sounds very simple, but during modern living we often forget how to relax. These therapies can give a person techniques to practice at home to help them maintain a relaxed and healthy state of mind.
There are many different therapies that come under the umbrella of relaxation therapy, some will be of far more benefit to one individual than to another, so different techniques can be used to tailor relaxation therapy to the individual.
Aversion therapy can also help. Some people self-medicate with various substances to help them cope with their stress. Aversion therapy helps them by forcing the mind to associate the addictive substance with a negative stimulus.
Therapy which uses a positive stimulus to help someone associate that with desirable behavior can also help. This is similar to aversion therapy in the way it works, but rather than a negative stimulus being used to prevent undesirable behavior, a positive stimulus is used instead to reinforce desirable behavior or feelings. This can help the mind change the way it feels about the triggers of your stress, and associate them with something pleasant.
Hypnosis can also help, this causes the mind to be “reprogrammed” on a subconscious level, which can both reduce stress and reduce the symptoms and frequency of the attacks themselves.
There are many more techniques that can be used. All of them can help a person manage their stress to prevent it becoming a problem. Some people turn to a pharmaceutical solution for their stress, this can help but it is only a short-term fix. It does not teach people how to manage their stress. Prescription drugs also often have serious side effects that can cause problems in other areas of your life, as well as health problems.
A comprehensive program to help people with their stress, is the best solution to the problem. If you suffer from anxiety attacks, panic attacks or other forms of stress, stress management therapy can make a major positive influence on your life.  To learn about stress management education courses, access here.

What Is The Need For Pastoral Care Of the Dying?

Pastoral care of the dying is a special type of counseling by chaplains, pastors or other religious leader to dying persons and also their friends, families and relatives. The pastor or the chaplain provides comfort, hope as well as assurance during a time of uncertainty. We all know that death is the ultimate conclusion to our earthly life and it is a phase that every living being has to go through some day or the other.
However embracing one’s own natural death or accepting the loss of a dear one is much difficult and so in such a situation we turn to religious teachings and religious leaders to find solace. The subject of death, both physical and theological has been the center of attention in the Bible. The main essence of pastoral care of the dying is showing spiritual love for fellow humans and forms an integral part of Christian teaching.
For a professional person who provides emotional and spiritual support to the dying it is very important to have a proper understanding and realization of thanatology. A person who is in his death bed looks to the chaplain or pastor for spiritual assurance and company to overcome loneliness and fear. The pastor or chaplain should help the dying person to communicate with his loved ones. The minister should also help the dying man to reflect on the quality of life that he has lived and at last prepare the person to face the final transaction of leaving the earthly body. The duty of the minister or pastor does not end here as he also needs to act as a pillar of support for the dear and near one of the dead person. The pastor can also help the bereaved family members to make various arrangements like burial, funeral planning etc.
The question of when to call for pastoral care of the dying may arise in our mind. There can be no single definite answer to this question. Pastoral care of the dying can be called for when a patient is informed of having some serious illness like cancer, AIDS etc. This type of help can be called for if a patient is in his death bed or is worried about some surgery that is going to take place in the near future. Pastoral care of the dying can be called for if the family member of a patient who is seriously ill wants spiritual guidance and support.
In the western countries pastoral care ministers constitute the health care departments of most hospitals so patients as well as their families can easily ask for their guidance. Different people have different point of view regarding death. Some view death as an unwanted intruder that hampers the natural process of life while some view death, suffering and pain as integral and unavoidable aspects of living life and a suitable ending to the journey of life. The view of a person regarding death is largely molded or shaped by different factors like social customs, religious faith or belief, cultural background, personal way of thinking etc. People who believe in the existence of God or are followers of Christianity generally call for pastoral care when they or some of their loved ones are nearing death.
For a dying man and his family a pastor or chaplain is not only a spiritual bridge with God and after-life but also a social supportive agent. When a man nears death his opinion of life can greatly change, all the materialistic things that seemed very important to him at one point of his life may then seem to be of no great importance. The person may feel a great desire to purge himself of all the sins that he has committed in his life time and so getting pastoral care for the dying can be of great help. In such critical situations friends and family of a dying man feel very close to the pastor. They start relying on the pastor for his guidance and help. The pastor may be requested to give his opinion regarding crucial matters like family, medical, moral and ethical issues. Many people believe that religious faith can work miracles where medical science fails and so they can call for pastoral care of the dying during such situations.

Grief Counseling – What is it and how can it help

Grief counseling is in high demand today. The loss of someone close to you is a painful experience and can create many emotions such as anger, shock, sadness and guilt. Within this period, you may feel as if these emotions may never let up and come to an end. Loss is a tough thing to handle but it is something that most of us will have to face several times within our lives. These feeling are often categorized as grief and you may find it challenging to move past this phase alone. For such instances, it is recommended that you seek grief counseling.

 What is grief counseling?

Grief counseling is a type of theory that focuses on a person or people suffering from the feelings of grief and helps them get through their feelings. Often, grief counseling takes place with a group of people as opposed to individually as working through this process with loved ones will often help this process. The most common reasons that require grief counseling come after a death of a loved one; however it is not uncommon for people to seek this form of therapy after a divorce, the loss of a job, or the diagnosis of a serious disease, such as cancer and more. In any of these situations, grief counseling works to help that person or people cope with their emotions.

 Grief counseling in groups

As mentioned, grief counseling often takes place in a group setting. This is because the involvement of your peers, who can better understand what a person is going through, will minimize the feelings of isolation that is prevalent among grief stricken people. An added benefit is also that your friends and family will be able to stay with you outside of the sessions, something that a counselor is not able to do.

 What are the goals of grief counseling?

The main intent of this therapy varies depending upon the person and situation. The end goal is to best help that person recover emotionally from the particular situation. This form of counseling does not attempt to change what that person feels they want or need, however they do attempt to console and support that person as they are dealing with their intense emotions. More often than not, the simple act of talking about the situation will go a long way in helping a grief stricken person recover. For this reason, a therapist’s main intent is to accompany that person and encourage them to talk about what is going through their head. Getting that person to talk about it and having someone listen and converse with them about is the main role of a grief therapist.

 I am suffering from grief, how will counseling help me?

When a person looses someone close to them, or they go through an emotionally intense situation, they will often receive a lot of attention from their friends and family. After a few weeks, however, those people will be ready to move on with their lives even though that person may not yet be ready to. This is where grief counselors play an important role. Today, most of the theory behind grief counseling is based on the work of Elizabeth Kubler Ross, a famous Swiss psychiatrist who was able to identify the different stages of grief that a person will go though. Her findings showed that grief is not a straight line process and is not easily understood by the people who are not also going through the same feelings. This makes it difficult for a grieving person to find the full support they will need from friends and family members alone. Grief therapists are trained to work with and identify the stages of grief that a person may be going through and is better able to walk them through the entire process over the course of several weeks or months.
If you are suffering through feelings or grief, or know someone that is, it is important to seek some form of grief counseling as it is the best way to get through your emotions in the most healthy way possible. It is important to surround ones self around loved ones and continuous communication between the two parties will go a long way in helping that person recover from such emotions. You may also consider learning more about grief and strategies to deal with it. There are online grief counseling courses you can take to expand your knowledge in this area of specialty care.

Child Grief and Bereavement Counseling

Everyone deals with death in their own way, but children are a bit different. Most young children really don’t understand death, even those who do can have a hard time dealing with their feelings. It’s important to make sure kids are getting the care they need during a time when they lost someone close to them.

Child grief  and bereavement counseling is something that any parent should seriously consider. This is a great solution since most kids don’t want to talk to their parents or other family members about their feelings. Most parents don’t even know what questions to ask to make sure their child is dealing with their feelings in a healthy manner.

 How Counseling can Help Children through the Grieving Process

Professionals have the educational background to help children deal with this sort of situation. Each child is going to grieve differently depending on their age and experience with loss in the past. If a child doesn’t feel like they have support they could end up keeping their emotions bottled inside, which could have really dire effects in the future. When kids have a third party to talk to they will be able to let their emotions out and talk about what they are dealing with on the inside. At first these visits might be difficult if the child is resistant, but in time they will get better. Some kids might end up speaking freely; it varies from each different person.
Counselors are going to ask questions to the child that do not scare them. Their main goal is to get an idea of what is going on in their head. The answers that the child gives will help the counselor tailor their questions and conversation for the appointment. Professionals do understand that each child is different, so they don’t handle each one in the same way. When a kid feels comfortable with someone, they will be more encouraged to speak with them about what is going on. No matter what type of death is being dealt with, a child needs to speak with someone about it. Child grief counseling can make all the difference with how someone grows up and deals with other situations. When parents aren’t able to get a child to talk, counseling is a great option to consider. This is a sensitive subject that many parents are uncomfortable dealing with since they aren’t sure what they should do or say.

 What Children Will Learn by Going to Child Grief Counseling

Losing a parent, grand parent, sister, brother, or other family members is going to be really difficult for any child. When they go to see a professional counselor they can actually come out of the experience a lot stronger than they were before. This can help them deal with death in the future, since it’s inevitable. Most kids will cry and talk about their feelings, but they need to have a well-rounded idea of what death is and how it will change their life forever. A counselor will be able to explain what death really is and help them learn tools for dealing with grief. A child needs to know that it’s alright to cry and that they should talk to someone about their feelings. When they know that it’s alright to let their feelings show, they are less likely to bottle them up inside. If they don’t feel comfortable talking with a family member, a counselor is a great alternative.
Some tools that can help any child grieve include: to be honest about their feelings, realizing that death is a part of life, crying is good and memories can help out a lot. Children can easily learn how to cherish memories and feel good about them instead of feeling sad. Some kids end up keeping a journal filled with their emotions while others find a friend they can talk to. Either of these are great to have when it comes to grieving. These tools are going to help any child deal with death instead of constantly feeling depressed.
Child grief and bereavement counseling is something that any parent should consider for their child. This will give their son or daughter a safe space where they can talk with someone about what they are feeling. They will learn tools that help them feel better about the situation. Although it’s a sensitive subject, it has to be taught to kids to give them a brighter future.

The Role Of A Nurse Educator

The role of a nurse educator is growing in importance today. A nurse has several different imperative roles in today’s health care system, one of which is to inform patients and their families of the diseases that they are faced with. A step above that is a nurse educator. This nurse is using all of their clinical experience and skills to properly prepare their students. They also do a great job of mentoring and teaching fellow nurses who may be new or have less experience. A nurse mentor leads a very active and fulfilling life as they are both informative and emphatic.
Nurse educators are traditionally in charge of structuring, implementing and revising the type of educational materials that fellow nurses receive. This material fits a wide range of uses, from a more academic and scholarly feel to a more concentrated and specific approach for individualistic issues. Nurse educators are often a great sounding board for issues that arise for another nurse that they may be unfamiliar with and have not dealt with in the past. Nurse educators are the keys to assuring quality and factual based content is taught to the entire department.

 Practice and Goals

Because health care is such a diverse and constantly changing field, it is important that those in this position are comfortable with constantly learning and growing. New information and changes in procedural patterns are inevitable so a nurse educator must be willing to easily adapt. Being a leader is usually at the forefront of a nurse educators job. They practice in all type of health care facilities and are generally working with fellow nurses and patients alike.
A nurse educators primary goal is to create a set of curriculum and material that is all encompassing and helpful for their students. Because of their involvement in teaching and being of service to fellow nurses, future nurses and patients, nurse educators often experience a high level of job satisfaction. They take pride in their role of helping another person learn, grow and ultimately succeed in the nursing field. Being of service to others is why many people become nurses in the first place, this just adds to that principle by helping and encouraging others who have that same deeply engrained belief.
There are tremendous benefits for those who choose a career as a nurse educator. The medical field is one of the most stable markets because certain ailments are inevitable. So no matter how badly the economy is doing, surgeons, doctors and nurses will still be around to take care of the sick and dying. Because of this, nurse educators will also always be needed. Another huge benefit of choosing this particular work as a career is the cutting edge technology and information that will be available to you. Wouldn’t it be great to be one of the first people to know about a certain procedure? What about being able to read information about a unique and rare disease? These are the types of things nurse educators do on a daily basis.
Nurse educators are always learning something new and interesting. They are apart of an ever changing and growing workplace that is perpetually knowledge based and intellectually stimulating. Usually nurse educators work in a specific field of study. They often have specialties similar to those that doctors have. These fields can range from cardiology, family health, pediatrics and much more. A general comprehensive background is necessary but usually whatever concentration you are most familiar with is the one you teach. The type of qualifications needed to become a nurse educator usually require a master’s degree but there are some exceptions to this rule.
As a nurse educator you are also entitled to a pretty flexible schedule. Many choose to teach just part time in junction with their other work. Whether that be clinical work or actually working in hospitals directly with patients. Assessing the learning and knowledge of nurses is also a duty that many nurse educators carry out. Making sure that the nurses in the field and those who deal with patients every single day are well informed and knowledgeable is imperative to the quality of care that the patients receive.
There are many different things that nurse educators do but one of the most important is that they are there to teach, answer questions and to really listen to their students and patients. The role of a nurse educator is an important one and those who are willing to do the job are needed. To learn about becoming a nurse educator, access here.

Spiritual Counseling: Rediscover Your Inner Power

By: Zendra Marks

What is Spiritual Counseling?

Spiritual counseling considers the soul, instead of the body and mind, as the commencing point for the sense of your true self. It has an enhanced view of life, acknowledging that this world is often confusing mystery. It considers self-belief systems, universal and personal energy systems, karmic interplay, instinctive psychic realities, subconscious states of mindset, spiritual theology, metaphysical experiences, spiritual existence and higher self-cosmic relationships.
Spiritual counseling views why life is instinctively personal and why individuals want to develop their own distinctive, graceful relationship with it, naturally and without forcefulness. As the soul is considered as the beginning point, consciousness comes from the heart, while not overlooking the head or brain, and from this heart space care for the blessed interdependence of all living existence comes to the surface.

 What does Spiritual Counseling involve?

Spiritual counseling involves a process where one person reevaluates who he or she feels about and themselves and about other persons. Care for self and care for others is the primary concept of the personal and combined growth. As the spiritual counseling is holistic, there is no separation and division, no dichotomy between individual or collective opinions and response, all is fundamentally correlated. Spiritual counseling brings about a realization that life experiences grow into the supreme tool, with the incorporation of personal problems and personal venture. The main objective of taking spiritual counseling is to convey themselves and their own world with long cherished wisdom, spiritual consciousness and personal realism using integrity.
Spiritual counseling involves the process of developing consciousness of a spiritual identity. It does so by reminding the fact that all the human beings are more than their personalities and their problems.
It gives faith in oneself so that people have within themselves the knowledge and understaning to make the right decisions in life.
Spiritual counseling also ensures that people have faith in their potentials. That means each situation has a prospect of growth for them.
It enables people to have belief in the journey which indicates human lives haves some deep meanings.
Spiritual counseling also makes people realize that that all people are in fact spiritual beings.

  Why might one seek out a Spiritual Counselor?

A spiritual counselor helps people to learn how to handle the challenges of daily life in relationship with the spiritual world. Most of the people are accustomed to thinking of themselves as alone in the world. People tend to think that they need to figure things out on their own, and fight for survival.
After spiritual counseling, people would begin to understand that spiritual togetherness is real. Then they would start to see that life can be different. They will learn that they are not alone, because everyone belongs to one world – but during the times of stress or difficulties they may forget this. That is why spiritual counseling is so important, as the long years of habit can be difficult to undo all by oneself.
A Spiritual counselor helps people to meet the challenges of life from a new consciousness of collective existence. It offers support to be a whole person – the soul and spirit, emotions, mind and body, and the practical life here on the Earth.

 What are the qualities of an expert Spiritual Counselor?

A spiritual counselor needs the cross cultural consciousness, a deep understanding around spiritual sphere and other matters of spirituality. They are well aware of, and they are devoted to a spiritual passage in their own lives as well as the lives of others. By concentrating on their deep inner relationships, forming an open connection and a unique mindfulness state, they produce a holding and blessed space for the individual and collective growth of their clients.
Finally it can be said that the divine journey can be delightful and arising, however it can also be demanding, frightening and solitary. Anyone might have the spiritual experience; however holistic self-consciousness is a completely different thing. Spiritual development best happens at the point while the soul is strong enough to take a little bewildering.
As a result, spiritual counseling can be a great tool to rediscover the potentials one have and find greater meaning of the life. However, as it deals with the deep consciousness of the mind and soul of a person, an experienced and qualified counselor can make things much easier and comfortable. To find out more about spiritual counseling and to preview online courses, you may access here.

What is Crisis Intervention Counseling?

Crisis intervention counseling is short term counseling that addresses emergency situations for people in crisis. A counselor will either speak to a person on the telephone (emergency hotline situation) or face to face, but it is better for people in crisis to have the one on one counseling, which allows the counselor to get a better gauge of the client’s demeanor.
It is difficult for a counselor to deal with a crisis over the phone because they cannot read the client’s body language or see the expression on their face; however, hotlines are important because they are a means in which to calm a person down and stop them from taking drastic and irreversible action.

There are many situations that can be considered a crisis for people. These could include:
• A woman who has been beaten once or repeatedly by her spouse. She takes the opportunity to call a crisis line while her partner has left the home, or possibly while he is pounding on the door to try to get to her and hit her again. The counselor can offer telephone support while contacting 911 and dispatching them to the address, if the counselor can manage to extract that information from the client;
• Someone who lives with a person who has a drug or alcohol problem, and they need someone to speak to because they do not know what to do about the problem;
• A person who has lost their job and is facing financial problems, including foreclosure, debt collectors and bankruptcy. Perhaps this person is unable to train for a new job and has no other prospects for employment;
• A teenager who is being bullied at school and is either terrified to go to school, or is thinking of taking their life;
• A man has just found out he has terminal cancer and has two weeks to live. He is unable to tell his family about the situation and needs to speak to someone about it. He is worried about his family and how they will get by in the future without him.
While it is not the role of the crisis counselor to “fix” the problem, they do have an obligation to provide support and explain to the client that the feelings that they are experiencing are completely normal. It is also important to point out to the client that the situation is temporary and that the crisis will eventually pass.
Crisis counselors can help their clients to develop certain skills that allow them to better cope with a situation. By open dialogue and careful discussion, they can help the client to explore various solutions to the problem while helping them to deal with the stress and think in a more positive way. The problem in a crisis situation is that people have complete tunnel vision, and they forget that there are other aspects to their life that are positive.
When a person is suicidal, they are only thinking of the current situation and how to get out of it. They are probably not thinking very clearly, and they are certainly not considering the effect that their death would have on others around them, such as guilt and remorse. The counsellor would point out all of those things to the client and help them to think of other ways to work through the situation.
People in crisis can learn skills that give them the ability to recover from their situation, but it is up to the crisis counselor to provide them with the guidance and resources to accomplish this. One important aspect of the process is for the counselor to have the client face the crisis head on, and try to move past it. The longer that the situation is prolonged, the less chance that the client has of dealing with it. Sometimes it may be necessary for some sort of confrontation to take place in order for the client to move on with their life. This can be very frightening and difficult, but the counselor is there to assist with the process.
If there is a cycle of behavior that continues to lead to crisis, it is up to the counselor to encourage the client to recognize and change that behavior. One very good example of this would be a drug or alcohol addiction and the cycle of destruction that goes with the addiction. The client is routinely causing extreme emotional pain to those around them, but they refuse to take responsibility for their part in the crisis. The counselor works with the client to break those cycles and heal the pain between the client and their family members and friends. To learn more about crisis intervention, click here.

Learn to Meditate

With life becoming more busy and hectic these days, it is important to take the time to care for yourself, center your body and your mind and your spirit, and the best way to achieve this is when you learn to meditate. Meditation is the process of clearing your mind of all thoughts and clutter, and relaxing into a state of clarity.
Many of us are constantly on the go, with work, children and activities outside of the home, and we tend to get extremely stressed out which has a very negative impact on our body. The body is designed to withstand a certain amount of stress; however, when we are under “attack” from every angle, our bodies can start to give in to the effects of stress. This makes us more open to disease and illness, and it is simple to avoid this by learning meditation techniques.
There is no big secret to mediation, and if you want to learn to meditate, you simply need to have an open mind. There is a certain spiritual aspect to this activity which you will tap into even if you are not the least bit spiritual. You need to find a space in your home that is quiet and well ventilated where you can sit alone for as much time as you need without being interrupted.
All that you need to do is sit in a quiet area, in a comfortable position, usually on the floor with your legs crossed. Closing your eyes, you will deep breath for several seconds, up to one minute. You will then tense up your body and then allow it to relax, letting the tension leave you with the breath you exhale as you relax. While you have been concentrating on your breathing, you can now just put that aside and let it happen naturally. You will simply think of one single thought and nothing else. Some people smile when they are meditating, while others may weep. It is a state of complete relaxation that is time you take for yourself.
If you want to learn to meditate, you must practice each day for as much time as it takes for you to feel relaxed. Taking this time for yourself will allow you to feel more peaceful and give you a much more positive outlook on life.

 Benefits of Meditation

There are so many benefits to meditation, and it is free and takes less than 20 minutes per day. Your body will reap many wonderful benefits from this practice, including:

• Increased blood flow and a slower heart rate;
• Slows down the aging process;
• A known cure for headaches and relief from migraines;
• Weight loss benefits and the normalization of your weight;
• A significant reduction in free radicals, reducing damage to tissues;
• Beneficial and lasting changes to the electrical activity in the brain;
• A significant decrease in muscle tension
• Lowers your consumption of oxygen;
• Can improve and speed up post- operative healing;
• Decreases perspiration (for those who sweat excessively);
• Can dramatically improve your immunity.

The brain is an extremely powerful organ, and when you learn how to relax it and provide it with much needed rest, it can use that reserved energy to heal other parts of your body. Stress increases the presence of free radicals and speeds up the aging process. This is why people who are under intense stress all of the time just look that much older.
In addition to the physical changes you will experience when you learn to mediate, you will also find yourself with more confidence, a greater ability to focus and concentrate and better moods. When you are in a better and more positive state of mind with good moods all of the time, you will simply feel like participating in life more. This is why mediation is a good solution for people who find themselves susceptible to depression.
Meditation can also help you to develop your creativity if you are artistic, help you to retain more (memory), help you to develop your intuition and help you to feel rejuvenated. You will gain the ability to react more effectively to stress, instead of absorbing all of the stress, you will be able to redirect it and expel it through meditation.
If you are person who worries a lot, meditation can help you to deal with your worries and fears. By centering your thoughts and focusing on yourself and positive things, you will be able to dispel all of the negative feelings and replace them with peace of mind and happiness.

Attention Deficit Disorder

Attention Deficit Disorder is a behavioral pattern characterized by hyperactivity or hyperkinesias of brain activity resulting in inattentive and impulsive behavior. Officially, Attention Deficit Disorder is called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (A.D.H.D.), but commonly people use the term A.D.D. to refer to the disorder.
Typically A.D.D. is a psychiatric disorder diagnosed and treated in children. This is important because it is a developmental disorder that can have unhealthy effects into adulthood. Many people that have been diagnosed in childhood with A.D.D. tend to lead chaotic lifestyles and become much disorganized at times. Most of these symptoms go untreated which can lead to unhealthy choices such as reliance on non-prescription drugs and impulsive behavior, especially under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
It remains unclear how many adults are diagnosed with A.D.D. because many people were not diagnosed as children. It is known however that boys have A.D.D. three times as much as girls according to the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. It’s also known that A.D.D. crosses all ethnicities and countries in about the same numbers.
The causes of A.D.D. are still relatively unknown, but the Professional Group for Attention and Related Disorders have noted that scientific studies show that the disorder is genetically transmitted and result in a chemical imbalance and deficiency in neurotransmitters. A study completed by the National Institute for Mental Health concluded that the rate that the brain uses glucose, its primary source of energy, is lower in children with A.D.D. Although it is not officially known the direct cause, a number of detailed studies have shown A.D.D. is not environment based, and therefore not caused by parents or teachers.
What are the symptoms of A.D.D.?
The three main signs of Attention Deficit Disorder are inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness. While usually focused on a child’s behavior, these signs can apply to adults as well.
– Does not pay attention to detail and make careless mistakes in schoolwork or menial tasks.
– Does not listen when directly spoken to.
– Does not follow through with instruction and fails to finish schoolwork or assignments.
– Has difficulty organizing tasks
– Easily distracted by small stimuli
– Forgetting tasks in a daily routine
– Fidgets with hands and feet
– Talks excessively
– Always “on the move” to do something new
– Restlessness in adults and excessively running and movement in children
– Often intrudes and interrupts
– Acting before thinking
– Difficulty waiting one’s turn
– engaging in risky behavior
It is important to note that most people experience these symptoms from time to time. Some people many exhibit this behavior consistently. It does not mean these people have A.D.D. People including parents and teachers, should not be making any diagnosis themselves. Those concerned with the potential of the disorder should seek a medical professional.
How is A.D.D. treated?
Standard treatments for Attention Deficit Disorder are medication and counseling.
Medications are only prescribed when diagnosed by a doctor. If needed, a doctor will prescribe either a stimulant, non-stimulant, or anti-depressant based on the person’s condition and medical history. As with any medication there can be side effects but with A.D.D. medications they are rare if taken properly.
Counseling and Social Training
There are various types of counseling available to treat A.D.D. sufferers and their family members. These include family therapy, behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, parenting skill training and social skills training. All of these treatments tend to be successful as it involves all members of the family working with mental health professionals.
Support Groups
These can be a great source of comfort for parents or adults with A.D.D. to bond and sort out issues affected by the disorder. Fears, concerns and other problems can be addressed in a compassionate environment where everything can be voiced and no one feels alone.
Attention Deficit Disorder is a real concern for parents with children that excessively display the signs of the disorder. At a crucial developmental stage, this disorder can have lasting effects. It’s important to seek a mental health professional if the behavior is unmanageable.

Hypnotherapy and Hypnosis Explained

If you are curious about hypnotherapy and hypnosis, wondering how they work, this article will give you a basic understanding of the subject and enable you to decide whether it’s for you.
Hypnotherapy is an effective method of resolving some psychological problems and assists in personal development. As the term suggests, hypnotherapy is a combination of hypnosis and therapy. Hypnosis is used to induce relaxation and make the mind more receptive to therapeutic suggestion. It is not associated in any way with stage hypnosis which has different aims.

 Is Hypnotherapy for You?

People who choose hypnotherapy are seeking to change the way they feel, think, or behave. They may wish to lose weight, quit smoking, be more confident or perform better. They might want to develop particular personal qualities or change unhelpful patterns of behavior, which they see as necessary to move forward in life. If this strikes a chord, hypnotherapy may well be for you.

How Does Hypnotherapy Work?

Having a clearly defined goal is the first stage in the process and provides the direction your therapy will take. If, for instance, your goal is to be more assertive it should include how you will feel, and the ways in which your life will be different, once you have achieved it.
Hypnotherapy can be used to overcome the blocks to achieving your goals, in a number of ways. It builds self confidence and esteem, can help you change limiting beliefs, and resolve underlying issues. The roots of any block lie beneath conscious awareness. Hypnosis enables access to the unconscious mind so therapy can be applied to the problem at this fundamental level.
The therapeutic process may involve direct or indirect suggestion, visualization or imagery, story-telling metaphor and a range of other techniques designed to bring about psychological change.
Hypnotherapy re-programs your mind and modifies feelings and behavior in alignment with your goals and wishes. The internal changes produced then need to be grounded in real-life situations for the process to be complete. If your goal was to lose weight, you will need to weigh and measure yourself, and buy smaller clothes to know how much lighter and slimmer you have become. If your goal was to overcome your flying phobia, you will need to experience a flight to know you are now a confident air traveler.

 What is Hypnosis?

Hypnosis is an altered state of consciousness experienced as deep relaxation with a focused awareness. It is induced by shifting the activity of the brain from the left, more logical side, to the right side. Here the unconscious mind can be accessed, and creative solutions to problems sourced. This shift can be achieved in a number of different ways including the use of relaxing music, descriptive imagery, rhythmic phrasing, suggestion, or plays on words to induce the hypnotic state.
While you are in hypnosis you may have useful insights or recognize truths which help you change in the way you desire. However, healing can take place and problems be resolved without you being aware of such processes.

How is Hypnotherapy Delivered?

There are three ways to receive hypnotherapy. You can visit a qualified therapist who tailors the therapy to your individual and specific needs. You can buy and listen to hypnotherapy audio recordings which deal with your particular problem. The therapy content is necessarily generalized to suit the majority of users, but it can still be effective. You can also learn self hypnosis and apply your own therapy.

Will it work for You?

Hypnotherapy has much to offer as a tool for healing and personal development. If you have a clear goal, are motivated to change and willing to try something new, you have the ideal conditions for it to work for you. This may be the life-changing catalyst you are looking for. You may also search out hypnotherapy courses that you can take from a qualified provider of education.

The Role of The Legal Nurse Consultant

Whenever some medical-related litigation cases occur, it is often the job of the legal nurse consultant to work hand in hand with attorneys to be able to review and evaluate the case. They usually deal with medical and nursing malpractice, personal injuries or almost any medically-related case which calls for a sufficient medical knowledge from the field. But before anything else, perhaps you might be wondering what these legal nurse consultants are and what they tend to do for a living. To provide insight into their practice, let us take some time to understand this practice specialty.
A legal nurse consultant is a registered nurse and will be the one to perform such tasks as critical analysis of clinical and administrative practice and deal with any other healthcare issues. They act as the bridge between the medical and legal system. They often possess professional insight in both health and medical aspects and legal guidelines at the same time. However, you have to take note that these consultants are nursing experts and not merely paralegals. That is, they specialize more on the field of nursing and health care and are often considered to be experts in these fields.

 What are the roles of a legal nurse consultant?

There are indeed a lot of important roles of the legal nurse consultant. To provide you with a deeper understanding of the various important roles that a legal nurse consultant plays, let us review them.

1. Reviewing and Researching Medical Records

Medical records are among the most important things to consider in any medical-related case. As legal nurse consultants, it is their responsibility to review and research medical records which are relevant to the case. This will help in determining the type of medical negligence as well as to identify any medical records which might possibly have been missing or else tampered. The medical records in turn will also provide the legal nurse consultant additional knowledge regarding the type of service being provided to the client. They will often develop time-lines for the incident of care in question so that attorneys may better understand the process of care and determine issues of negligence.

2. Investigation and Thorough Analysis of the Case

It is very vital for a legal nurse consultant to make several investigations and analysis of a particular case. Being a case investigator, there are in fact a lot of services which a legal nurse consulting should be able to provide to his/her clients. These may include such services as the investigation of any fraud within the government funded agencies and also researching whether or not the victim is applicable for compensation and claims. They particularly focus on standards of care related to the case they are working on. They provide expert analysis on defining the appropriate standards of care and assisting the legal team to identify the types of testifying experts to call into the case for deposition and trial testimony to support allegations of deviations from standards of care.

3. Expert Witness Testimony

Attorneys frequently hire legal nurse consultants to provide actual expert witness testimony. In such cases, the legal nurse will provide a deposition and actually testimony in trials. In these cases, the legal nurse may only testify to deviations from standards of nursing practice and not issues of medical standards of care. They may be retained to provide testimony for either defendants or plaintiffs. Their testimony can be invaluable to the outcomes of such cases.

4. Deposition and Trial Consultant

It will be somewhat challenging for an expert attorney doing all of the tasks themselves regarding a particular case. That is why retaining a legal nurse consultant can be extremely beneficial. Legal nurses assist in the preparation of depositions for trial. They assist attorneys in developing appropriate questions to ask in depositions related to the medical and/or nursing aspects of the case. They are frequently seen with the attorney’s team in the court room during a malpractice or personal injury trial.

5. Research and Education

One of the primary roles of the legal nurse is to conduct extensive research for the legal team. Along with this role they also function as primary educators for the legal team. They will review and study many sources of standards of care and then educate the team on how the standards related to the case in question. They teach the legal team the meaning of important medical terms related to the case as well. The legal nurse is the health care expert on the team and her/his knowledge and research and teaching abilities are central to the legal team pursuing a litigation or a defense.

Where do they Practice?

There are many areas that legal nurse consultants practice in today. Some include the following:
In their own practices as independent contractors
In legal firms
In hospital risk management departments
In personal injury and malpractice insurance organizations
In nursing education and staff development
In government agencies
In firms specializing in trial consulting
In legal research departments
The role of the legal nurse consultant isn’t just an ordinary practice. It is a high-level practice that merges the legal world with the health care world. Over the years more and more registered nurses are choosing to enter this specialty practice. While the stress in this position is very high, the rewards and economic benefits can be excellent. Do you want more comprehensive  information about legal nurse consulting? Access here


Case Management in nursing is an evolving practice specialty. The role of nurses in case management is to supervise and coordinate healthcare for patients with long-term illnesses. Such patients require long-term therapy and careful planning of all aspects of treatment. For instance if there is a patient suffering from cancer , the nurse who is assigned the role of the nurse case manager must arrange for doctor’s appointment, drugs, radiation, surgery or chemotherapy. A nurse case manager usually works in a specific practice specialty such as cancer, pediatric or cardiovascular disease.
Among the goals of case management nursing is to coordinate the care of patients. Since there are other specialists involved such as therapists, surgeons and other doctors, a nurse in case management will coordinate and keep the records of all their activity while updating the patient accordingly on the progress. According to the health problem at hand, the nurse can also decide what the other specialists should examine the patient so that there is collaboration of efforts by all. The nurse also ensures that all the procedures performed on a patient are at the highest level, increasing the chances of the expected outcome. In so doing, all the resources are used efficiently without any wasted or over usage of care resources.

Case Management in Nursing

The role of the nurse in case management can be defined in 3 basic ways, or a combination of any, according to the individual hospital setting as follows:

Quality Management

In larger hospitals, this aspect of quality management may be separated from the normal case management. The nurse is assigned the role of ensuring that all the services provided are of high standards. In smaller hospitals though, the finances may not allow for separation of duties and the case management nurse does all the work involved. The nurse is responsible for the general quality of health care being delivered, and can also assist in the risk management office when legal matters arise during a patient’s treatment.

Utilization Review

This type of case managers review different elements of the various hospital systems, guided by the terms of the hospital or the insurance company that is in charge. Prompt service delivery as well as adequate and safe utilization of the service is also a responsibility under this docket. The nurse is specially of essence in relation to insurance, because he/she approves and certifies acute and non-acute admissions. This information is then passed on to the insurance company under which the patient is covered. The nurse uses what is known as ‘InterQual Criteria’ which is a standardized method of identifying diagnoses, probable complications, procedures required and the timelines during which to account for a shifting diagnoses.
The Utilization Review nurse coordinates with the quality manager physician to administer high quality services to the patient. For instance if the patient has improved and no longer needs acute care, the nurse can consult the QM physician to see if the patient can be transferred to outpatient care or other suitable services. Before making a decision, the physician will review the patient’s chart, current situation and discharge plan. If in agreement the recovering patient can be moved to a lower level of care. To qualify for a post of Utilization Review Manager nurse, a three-year experience in  an acute hospital setting is advisable.

Discharge Planning

The role of this nurse in case management is to coordinates all the elements of admission or discharge of a patient. According to the InterQual Criteria, this nurse deals with the high risk patients with chronic diagnoses such as complicated pneumonia or stroke. The nurse combines all the available social and financial services to come up with a viable and safe discharge plan. A discharge planning nurse can cover up to forty patients at a time depending on the individual hospital policy. It is ideal however to have no more than twenty patients. Past experience together with assessment abilities are used to review the patients current situation, medical history and family support before formulating a discharge plan. A discharge planner should be familiar with Medicare guidelines, InterQual Criteria as well as fees for service items that enable a patient to be given a different level of care. These are some of the important things that should be known.
Nursing case management is a growing practice specialty. Many registered nurses are taking advanced case and care management programs to increase their knowledge and skills to practice in this area. As health care continues to reform, we will see this nursing specialty increase in demand and in importance.

Holistic Nursing

Holistic nursing is a type of nursing in which the care and wellness of the patient as a whole being is provided. This means that the nurse will provide healing for the full body and not just one part that regular nurses may attend too. This type of nursing encompasses the full body and all of its functions including the body, mind, spirit, relationship and environment. A holistic nurse is an instrument of healing for the patient and they will ensure that the patient is being treated from all aspects including the inner and outer body. The mind and spirit will also play a large part in the therapeutic healing that a holistic nurse will provide.
Holistic nursing has been around for many years but was first recognized as a valid nursing practice in 2006 by the American Nursing Association. The training for a holistic nurse is similar to that of a regular registered nurse in addition to having training of other types of therapies that may be experimental. These can include several types of complimentary alternative modalities such as acupuncture and aromatherapy. The training of this type of nurse will also involve understanding the connectedness of the body, mind, spirit and environment and it’s effects on a patient’s health and well being.

 Holistic Nursing and the Body-Mind Connection

One of the most important aspects of being a holistic nurse is understanding your patient and the way that their body and mind interact with each other. This is one of the most important aspects of understanding what types of treatments will best work for the patient. They will also ensure that the basic care and medical procedures are completed and used to ensure that the patient is receiving the best care and attention that they need in addition to offering healing and care for the mind and consciousness. It is a well documented fact that healing and health is entwined and an important part of the healing process is believing that the treatments in which you are receiving will work for you. This is why a holistic nurse takes the time to get to know her patient’s body, mind and soul. They will use many alternative therapies in a patient’s care like the use of water therapy.
Nearly all types of patients and diseases can benefit from the care of a holistic nurse. They take the level of care and attention to their patients back to the first days of medicine. They offer the attention and understanding that a lot of doctors these days do not have. They also provide the patient with someone that understands what they are going through and is there to lend a calming hand to them during the treatments that they are receiving. Holistic nursing is available for all types of patients including children and the elderly.
But it is not all alternative therapies and understanding that this type of nurse provides. They also understand and administer all the normal aspects that a registered nurse would do for a patient. The level of care that they provide is half alternative methods such as water therapy and understanding the patients needs and half approved medical care such as setting bones and taking vitals and updating patients charts. There is a balance of medical and alternative methods that you will receive from this type of nurse and they are on the same level as receiving care from a registered nurse. They just provide some added alternative therapies like acupuncture that may also aid in the wellness of a patient. Some of the more common therapies that they will use are massage, water therapy, acupuncture, meditation, relation and exercise therapies.

Integrative Care

Providing both medical care and alternative therapies for patients makes the job of a holistic nurse the overall best type of care for any patient. No matter if the disease is new or in a well advanced stage the level of care that is provided will help to calm the patient and keep the spirit of the patient intact. This is one of the most important parts of being a holistic nurse. A holistic nurse not only treats the body but also treats the mind and the consciousness by offering other ways to administer medicine and care to their patients.
If you are thinking about becoming a holistic nurse it is important that you understand to be successful it is vital that you have the right mindset. This will include high levels of patience, understanding, a great bedside manner, and great organization and critical thinking skills. To learn more about holistic nursing, click here.

Substance Abuse Addictions Counseling

Prescription drugs when misused can cause serious addiction problems.  Please also review AIHCP's Substance Abuse Counseling CertificationThank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Substance Abuse Addiction Counseling. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Stress Management Consulting

Companies need to help employees succeed with better stress management in mind.  Stress kills output and companies should seek to limit stress as much as possible for their employees

Thank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Stress Management Consulting. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Spiritual Counseling

pray togetherThank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Spiritual Counseling. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Pet Loss Grief Support

Children need help grieving pets.  Please also review AIHCP's Pet Loss Grief Support

Thank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Pet Loss Grief Support. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Pastoral Thanatology

Palliative Care addresses serious illness at any phase.  Please also review our Pastoral Thanatology Program and see if it matches your professional goalsThank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Pastoral Thanatology. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Nurse Patient Educator

young african nurse helping senior woman with medical formThank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Nurse Patient Educator. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Meditation Instruction

Consider becoming a certified Meditation Instructor and bring the health and benefits of meditation to multiple clientsThank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Meditation Instruction. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

American College of Legal Nurse Consulting

Nure next to a scale and gavelThank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Legal Nurse Consulting. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

American College of Hypnotherapy

two heads full of gearsThank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Hypnotherapy. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Holistic and Integrative Health Care

Please also review our Holistic Nursing Certification for nurses and see if it meets your goals and needs

Thank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Holistic and Integrative Health and Nursing Care. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Health Care News

Thank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the latest health care news from around the world. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Health Care Life Coaching

Wellness goals can be reached with life coaching help. Please also review our Healthcare life coach programThank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Health Care Life Coaching. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

American Academy of Grief Counseling and Program in Grief Counseling

Prolonged Grief Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder are different but closely related.  Please also review AIHCP's Grief Counseling CertificationProgram in Grief Counseling

Thank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Grief Counseling. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

In the meantime, please review our program in Grief Counseling and see if it matches your educational and academic needs.

Practice of Grief Christian Counseling Blog

Practice of Christian Grief Counseling Blog

Many church candles in yellow transparent chandeliers

Thank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Christian Grief Counseling. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

American Institute of Funeral Service Associates

Grieving and funerals during COVID face challenges for the bereaved to properly express themselves. Please also review our Funeral Associate CertificationThank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of funeral servicesOur blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Forensic Nursing Specialty Practice

Thank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Forensic Nursing. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!


Crisis Intervention Counseling

Thank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Crisis Intervention Counseling. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Trying to recover from PTSD can be delayed over distortions about the event. Licensed counselors through Cognitive Restructuring can help individuals find the truth to move forward. Please also review AIHCP's Crisis Intervention Program


Child and Adolescent Grief Counseling Education Program

lonely sad girl on the dark beach

Thank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Child and Adolescent Grief Counseling Education Program. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

To become certified by the Child and Adolescent Grief Counseling Education Program, one needs to take the core courses.  Those qualified can become certified. Certification lasts three years and must be renewed.

Also keep in mind, the program is for certified grief counselors who wish to make child grief a specialty area.

American Academy of Case Management

Nurse Discussing Records With Senior Female Patient During Home VisitThank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Case ManagementOur blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Attention Deficit Consulting

Thank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Attention Deficit Consulting. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Christian Spiritual Counseling

Christian Spiritual Counseling Program

Thank you for visiting our AIHCP web blog. This category of the blog focuses on the specialty practice of Christian Spiritual Counseling. Our blog provides our visitors and professional members and students an ever expanding platform for related articles, information, discussions, event announcements and much more. We invite your participation by posting comments, information, sharing and authoring for our blog. Please visit us often and be sure to book mark us!

Christian Spiritual Counseling is a specialized form of counseling that focuses on Christian morals and theology to handle personal problems.  The Bible and Christ are the sources to this type of counseling.

To become certified in Christian Spiritual Counseling at AIHCP, one must be qualified as a minister, in ministry, or have the proper academic background.  After completion of the courses, one can become certified.

In the meantime, if you have any questions please let us know.  Enjoy the blog!

Legal Nurse Certification: Crafting and Writing Expert Opinions

In a world where the complexities of healthcare intersect with the intricacies of law, the role of a professional with a legal nurse certification becomes indispensable. This unique blend of nursing expertise and legal acumen allows for the translation of medical jargon into comprehensible, court-admissible documentation and expert opinions, particularly in cases of medical malpractice. The importance of such a role cannot be overstated, as it not only bridges two highly specialized domains but also contributes significantly to the administration of justice in healthcare-related legal disputes.

Legal Nurses are required to not only testify sometimes as an expert witness but to also prepare and draft reports on the case

Writing an expert witness opinion in legal nursing is a critical task that can significantly influence the outcomes of legal proceedings. Nursing expert witnesses play a vital role in interpreting medical facts, establishing standards of care, and providing unbiased opinions that assist the court in making informed decisions. This article will delve into the various aspects of writing an expert witness opinion in legal nursing, from understanding the role and qualifications of a nursing expert witness to the impact of their testimony on legal outcomes. Further, it will dissect the practicalities of stepping into the shoes of a legal nurse consultant, navigating through the challenges and rewards inherent to the profession, and ultimately how one can build a robust career within this domain.

Key Takeaways

  • Nursing expert witnesses must have the appropriate nursing education and clinical experience to provide credible testimony.
  • Expert witness reports should be clear, concise, and well-structured to effectively communicate the expert’s opinions.
  • Understanding the legal framework, including Rule 702, is essential for nursing expert witnesses to ensure their testimony is admissible.
  • Maintaining impartiality and adhering to ethical standards are crucial for the credibility of nursing expert witnesses.
  • Continuous education and professional development are vital for nursing expert witnesses to stay updated with legal and medical advancement

Exploring the Realm of Legal Nurse Consulting

Definition and Role

Legal nurse consultants are registered nurses who possess specialized training and knowledge, enabling them to provide expert consultation and analysis on medical issues within a legal context. They serve as vital liaisons between healthcare providers and legal professionals, assisting attorneys to navigate complex medical records, understand intricate medical procedures, and evaluate the merits of claims. These consultants review medical records, decipher medical terminologies, and analyze the chronology of events to identify potential deviations from accepted standards of care, thereby equipping attorneys with the necessary information to build strong cases.

Fields of Specialization

Legal nurse consultants can specialize in various fields such as medical malpractice, personal injury, workers’ compensation, and more. Each specialization demands a deep understanding of specific medical guidelines and practices. For instance, those specializing in medical malpractice focus on identifying negligence or substandard care by reviewing medical records. Similarly, consultants working on personal injury cases provide insights into the medical aspects of injuries caused by accidents or negligence. Their expertise is crucial in assessing the standard of care provided and determining whether there has been a deviation from this standard.

The Intersection of Healthcare and Law

Legal nurse consultants play an integral role at the intersection of medicine and law, providing attorneys with invaluable expertise that can significantly impact the outcome of a case. Their ability to dissect medical records, identify deviations from accepted standards of care, and effectively communicate complex medical concepts makes them essential assets in medical-related litigation. By collaborating with legal nurse consultants, attorneys can navigate the intricacies of medical issues and enhance their chances of achieving favorable claims outcomes. Moreover, these consultants stay updated with the latest advancements in both medicine and law to ensure they provide the most current and relevant advice.

The Art of Drafting Legal Nurse Consultant Reports

Defining the Nursing Expert Witness

An expert witness is someone who, because of their education, experience, or a combination of both, has knowledge that can inform decision-makers about nursing practice standards. The most common use of expert testimony in a nursing or medical negligence case is to establish what the reasonable standards are in the circumstances and whether the nursing care provided met those standards. Mastering the art of effective communication is paramount for an expert witness.

An expert witness must have some form of specialized knowledge and experience beyond that of the court in order to assist the court in coming to a proper understanding of the evidence. Nurses’ and doctors’ professional training, skill, and experience make them ideal expert witnesses to assist in applying the art and science of their practice to the facts the court must decide. Most jurors have a limited understanding of both areas.

An expert witness may come from a nurse defendant’s own state or may come from another jurisdiction. Generally, an expert witness is an individual who by training, education, and/or experience is determined to be qualified by a court as able to assist the jury in understanding health care and the role of health care providers, and are from the same profession (e.g., nursing).

Federal Rule 702 is a cornerstone in the legal framework governing expert witness testimony. This rule mandates that the expert witness’ scientific and specialized knowledge must assist the trier of fact in understanding the evidence or determining a fact in issue. Furthermore, the testimony must be based on sufficient facts and data, and it must reflect a proper application of reliable principles and methods.

Writing the Report

Reports are a key part of the process of legal nurse consulting. Writing concise and accurate reports for a client are sometimes the only required job for a particular case


When drafting legal nurse consultant reports, it is imperative to recognize the dual audience that the report will address: the client (typically an attorney) and potentially their client as well. This awareness shapes the content and tone of the report, ensuring that information is delivered with clarity and professionalism. Legal nurse consultants must tailor their reports to meet the specific needs of these audiences, which may vary significantly based on the legal context and the medical specifics of the case. For instance, younger attorneys or those in smaller law firms might require more detailed explanations due to their limited access to medical expertise.

The effective legal nurse consultant report balances hard facts with a necessary degree of empathy. Empathy enhances the readability and relatability of the report, making complex medical information more accessible. However, too much empathy might risk the objectivity required in legal proceedings. Therefore, it is crucial to maintain professional boundaries and ensure that empathy does not overshadow factual accuracy and relevance. The use of empathetic language should aim to clarify rather than confuse, assisting attorneys in understanding the patient’s perspective without compromising the report’s objective integrity.

After reviewing the case materials, the next step is to formulate your expert opinion. This involves analyzing the evidence and identifying key points that support your conclusions. Your opinion should be based on a thorough understanding of the medical facts and the applicable standards of care. It is important to present your findings clearly and convincingly, as they will be scrutinized during deposition and trial testimony.

A comprehensive nursing expert witness report begins with a detailed review of all relevant documents. This includes medical records, depositions, and any other pertinent materials. Listing these documents is crucial as it provides a foundation for the expert’s opinions and ensures transparency in the review process.

The next step involves summarizing the medical events in a clear and concise manner. This summary should include the sequence of events, treatments provided, and any deviations from standard procedures. A well-structured summary helps in presenting a coherent narrative of the case.

In this section, the expert witness must explain the applicable standards of care. This involves detailing what a reasonably prudent nurse would have done under similar circumstances. The explanation should be based on established guidelines and practices within the nursing profession.

A well-structured report is crucial for effectively presenting facts and opinions. Establish the key points early, and then return to them as you elaborate. It is easier for people to follow your structure if they know in advance what you plan to discuss. Follow a logical format for presenting the key points. Consistently refer back to and develop the points you have told the reader you’ll be sharing with them.

When presenting your expert opinion, it is essential to balance objectivity and advocacy. You are tasked with providing unbiased opinions based on the facts of the case and your professional expertise, rather than personal biases or opinions. This balance ensures that your testimony is credible and reliable.  Anticipating and addressing potential counterarguments strengthens your report. By acknowledging and refuting opposing viewpoints, you demonstrate thoroughness and enhance the persuasiveness of your testimony. This approach not only prepares you for cross-examination but also reinforces the validity of your conclusions.

Delivering bad news in legal nurse consultant reports requires a sophisticated blend of honesty and tact. Reports should be straightforward yet considerate, acknowledging the potential impact of the news on the recipient. Techniques such as using softening phrases, expressing understanding, and anticipating defense positions can help mitigate the harshness of unfavorable findings. Moreover, legal nurse consultants should employ clear communication strategies, avoiding medical jargon and ensuring that the report is understandable to non-medical professionals. Structured frameworks and evidence-based practices should guide the assessment and reporting processes, ensuring that each conclusion is well-supported and justifiable.

In crafting these reports, the consultant’s role extends beyond mere information transmission; they facilitate a deeper understanding between the legal and healthcare domains, ensuring that each report contributes effectively to the resolution of the case.

Common Challenges Faced by Nursing Expert Witnesses

There are a variety of challenges a legal nurse can meet during a case

Dealing with Cross-Examination

One of the most intellectually stimulating yet daunting aspects of being a nursing expert witness is facing cross-examination. During this phase, the opposing counsel will scrutinize your qualifications, experience, and the basis of your opinions. The goal is to find inconsistencies or weaknesses in your testimony. To navigate this effectively, it is crucial to remain calm, composed, and confident in your expertise.

Maintaining Professional Credibility

Professional credibility is paramount for a nursing expert witness. Any hint of bias or lack of impartiality can severely undermine your testimony. It is essential to present your findings and opinions based on objective analysis and evidence. Consistently updating your knowledge and skills through continuing education can also help maintain your credibility.

Handling Ethical Dilemmas

Nursing expert witnesses often encounter ethical dilemmas, such as conflicts of interest or issues related to confidentiality. It is vital to adhere to ethical guidelines and standards to navigate these challenges effectively. Always disclose any potential conflicts of interest and ensure that patient confidentiality is maintained throughout the legal process.

The role of a nursing expert witness is both challenging and rewarding, requiring a balance of professional expertise and ethical integrity.

The Importance of Clear and Concise Communication

Clear and concise communication is paramount for a nursing expert witness. Effective communication ensures that complex medical concepts are accessible to attorneys, judges, and juries who may have limited medical knowledge. This not only aids in understanding but also enhances the credibility of the testimony.

Writing in Plain Language

When drafting reports or providing testimony, it is essential to use plain language. Avoiding medical jargon and technical terms helps in making the information more digestible. This approach ensures that the key points are understood by all parties involved, regardless of their medical background.

Avoiding Jargon and Technical Terms

To effectively and succinctly present their conclusions, nursing expert witnesses should steer clear of jargon and technical terms. Instead, they should focus on explaining medical concepts in a way that is easy to understand. This practice is crucial for maintaining clarity and ensuring that the testimony is comprehensible.

Ensuring Consistency and Clarity

Consistency and clarity are vital in both written and oral communications. Establishing key points early and revisiting them throughout the testimony helps in maintaining a logical flow. This method not only aids in comprehension but also reinforces the main arguments, making the testimony more persuasive.

Clear and concise communication is not just about simplifying language; it is about making complex information accessible and understandable to those without specialized knowledge.

Ethical Considerations for Nursing Expert Witnesses

Maintaining Impartiality

As a nursing expert witness, it is crucial to maintain impartiality throughout the legal process. Bias can undermine the credibility of your testimony and potentially affect the outcome of the case. It is essential to provide an objective analysis based on the facts and standards of care, without letting personal opinions or external pressures influence your judgment.

Confidentiality and Privacy Concerns

Nursing expert witnesses must adhere to strict confidentiality and privacy standards. This includes safeguarding patient information and ensuring that any sensitive data reviewed during the case is handled with the utmost care. Breaching confidentiality can have serious legal and ethical repercussions.

Conflict of Interest

Avoiding conflicts of interest is paramount for maintaining professional integrity. Before accepting a case, thoroughly evaluate any potential conflicts that may arise from your professional relationships or personal interests. Navigating ethical considerations effectively ensures that your testimony remains credible and unbiased.

Ethical considerations are fundamental to the role of a nursing expert witness, as they uphold the integrity and trustworthiness of the legal process.

Stepping into the Shoes of a Legal Nurse Consultant

A Day in the Life

Legal nurse consultants begin their day by reviewing medical records and preparing for consultations with attorneys. They analyze these documents to identify discrepancies and summarize key information for legal teams. Throughout the day, legal nurse consultants may engage in various tasks such as conducting client interviews, preparing testimony, and attending medical examinations. Their role requires them to communicate effectively with both legal and healthcare professionals, ensuring that all parties have a clear understanding of the medical aspects involved in a case.

Case Studies: Successes and Challenges

Legal nurse consultants often reflect on memorable cases that highlight both their successes and the challenges they face. For instance, one consultant discussed leveraging their nursing experience to educate an attorney on the merits of a case, which played a crucial role in achieving a favorable outcome. These case studies exemplify how legal nurse consultants apply their expertise to bridge the gap between healthcare and law, providing critical insights that influence the direction and results of legal proceedings.

Successful Nursing Expert Witness Reports

In a personal injury case, a legal nurse consultant was instrumental in evaluating the extent of the plaintiff’s injuries. Through a comprehensive review of medical records, the consultant identified additional underlying conditions that exacerbated the plaintiff’s injuries. This information allowed the legal team to pursue additional claims for damages, resulting in a significantly higher settlement for the client.

Lessons Learned from Courtroom Testimonies

One notable lesson from courtroom testimonies is the importance of clear and concise communication. Nursing expert witnesses must present their findings in a manner that is easily understood by the jury. This involves avoiding medical jargon and explaining complex medical terms in plain language. Additionally, maintaining professional credibility is crucial, as any perceived bias can undermine the expert’s testimony.

Analyzing Notable Cases

A notable expert witness case study involved a dispute concerning cattle slaughter, which occurred in the early 1990s on Victorian land. The nursing expert witness provided critical insights into the standard of care and the medical implications of the case, which were pivotal in reaching a resolution. This case highlights the diverse range of scenarios where nursing expert witnesses can provide valuable testimony.

The role of a nursing expert witness is not limited to medical malpractice cases; their expertise can be crucial in a variety of legal contexts, from personal injury to product liability cases.

Continuing Education and Professional Development

Transitioning from Clinical Nursing

The transition from clinical nursing to legal nurse consulting involves acquiring specialized knowledge and skills. Legal nurse consultants must understand legal principles and processes, which requires comprehensive training in legal research, case analysis, and medical-legal ethics. This transition also demands a shift in perspective from direct patient care to analyzing broader healthcare practices and outcomes as they relate to legal standards and claims.

In sum, stepping into the shoes of a legal nurse consultant involves a dynamic and challenging blend of medical and legal expertise. These professionals play a pivotal role in the legal system by providing essential insights into medical practices and patient care, which are critical to resolving complex legal cases.

Building Your Career as a Legal Nurse Consultant

Essential Skills and Qualifications

Legal nurse consultants are integral to bridging the gap between healthcare and law, utilizing their deep understanding of medical procedures and legal expertise to assist in litigation. To excel in this role, one must have a comprehensive knowledge of medical terminology and standards of care, coupled with the ability to perform detailed case analysis and communicate complex medical concepts clearly to non-medical professionals. A strong foundation in nursing, typically supported by a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) degree, is crucial, although not strictly necessary for all positions. Importantly, licensure as a Registered Nurse is required, and additional certification in legal nurse consulting can significantly enhance credibility and marketability in this competitive field.

Training and Certification Programs

Aspiring legal nurse consultants can gain the necessary skills through specialized training programs that cover a range of relevant topics. These programs typically include medical record analysis, legal terminology, and an understanding of healthcare laws and regulations, all crucial for effective practice in the field. The quality of these programs is often reflected in their ability to provide real-world case studies and comprehensive contact hours, which prepare students for practical application of their knowledge. Certification, while not mandatory, is highly recommended as it validates expertise and dedication to the profession. It also requires ongoing education to stay current with the latest developments in both healthcare and legal fields.

Marketing Your Services and Growing Your Network

Effective marketing is essential for legal nurse consultants to establish and grow their practice. This includes understanding that you’re not just offering a service but also marketing your expertise every time you interact with potential or existing clients. Successful consultants use various marketing strategies, such as networking, maintaining a strong online presence, and leveraging social media platforms like LinkedIn to connect with the legal community. Regularly updating profiles and engaging with content on these platforms can significantly enhance visibility and attract new clients. Additionally, it’s important to focus on building relationships with attorney-clients, as referrals and repeat business are crucial for long-term success in the field.


Please also review AIHCP’s Legal Nurse Consulting Program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals

Throughout this exploration of the legal nurse consulting field, we’ve journeyed from the foundational pillars that define its necessity within the legal and healthcare sectors to the intricate details of building a successful career in this niche. The union of medical insight and legal acumen positions legal nurse consultants as invaluable assets in navigating the complexities of healthcare-related legal cases. Their expertise not only fortifies the legal process but also ensures that justice is served with an understanding of the nuances of patient care and medical standards.

Looking ahead, the significance of legal nurse consultants continues to grow as the healthcare industry evolves and legal disputes become more intricate. The capacity of these professionals to bridge the gap between two distinctly specialized fields underscores a broader implication for the legal system and patient advocacy alike. By fostering a deeper comprehension of medical facts within a legal framework, legal nurse consultants not only aid in the resolution of current cases but also pave the way for a future where the synthesis of healthcare knowledge and legal practice is seamlessly integrated.

Please also review AIHCP and the American College of Legal Nurse Consulting’s, Legal Nurse Consulting Certification and see if it meets your academic and professional goals. The program is online and independent study and open to qualified nurses looking to enter into the field of Legal Nursing.


What distinguishes a CLNC from an LNCC?

The Certified Legal Nurse Consultant (CLNC) and the Legal Nurse Consultant Certified (LNCC) differ primarily in accreditation and recognition. The LNCC is the only certification recognized by the American Association of Legal Nurse Consultants (AALNC) and is also the only designation nationally accredited by the American Board of Nursing Specialists.

What are the benefits of becoming a legal nurse consultant?

Becoming a legal nurse consultant offers several advantages, particularly for nurses looking to manage their own business. Most legal nurse consultants (LNCs) operate as independent contractors, which allows them the flexibility to set their own schedules and select their clientele. Additionally, many newer and mid-career LNCs often find opportunities working as subcontractors for larger firms or agencies.

Can you share an interesting fact about the role of a legal nurse consultant?

Legal nurse consultants play a crucial role in the legal field by performing several key responsibilities. These include reviewing and analyzing medical records, providing professional judgments on medical cases, advising attorneys on healthcare-related cases, educating legal professionals on nursing standards of care, and serving as expert witnesses during trials.

How does a nurse paralegal differ from a legal nurse consultant?

Nurse paralegals and legal nurse consultants both work within the legal sector but in slightly different capacities. Nurse paralegals typically work for law firms that specialize in malpractice or for general counsel offices within healthcare institutions. In contrast, legal nurse consultants may offer advice, serve as witnesses, and even speak in court on a variety of legal medical matters.

What is the role of a nursing expert witness?

A nursing expert witness provides an opinion on nursing care standards and practices in legal cases. They testify on whether the care provided met the accepted standards.

How should a nursing expert witness report be structured?

A nursing expert witness report should include a list of reviewed documents, a summary of medical events, an explanation of the standard of care, and a summary of opinions.

A nursing expert witness must provide truthful, unbiased testimony, maintain confidentiality, and adhere to legal standards such as Rule 702 governing expert witness testimony.

How can a nursing expert witness prepare for a case?

Preparation involves initial considerations and retainer agreements, reviewing case materials thoroughly, and formulating expert opinions based on the evidence.

What challenges might a nursing expert witness face?

Common challenges include dealing with cross-examination, maintaining professional credibility, and handling ethical dilemmas.

Why is clear and concise communication important for nursing expert witnesses?

Clear and concise communication ensures that complex medical information is understandable to non-medical professionals, including judges and juries, which is crucial for effective testimony.

What ethical considerations must nursing expert witnesses keep in mind?


Additional Resources

Jibril, F. (2022). “The Medical Expert Witness Litigation Guide”. Expert Institute.  Access here

Evans, J. (2017). “Drafting Expert Witness Reports: Pitfalls and Best Practices”. Expert Institute.  Access here



Multicultural Competence in Counseling

A driving force in recent years is a more counselor awareness of multicultural differences between people.  As the world becomes smaller and more and more different ethnic and religious communities interact, the reality that individuals with very different views is becoming more and more common.  Simply through social media, the interaction between different individuals with diverse backgrounds has increased over the years.  Counselors also are coming into more contact with others of different beliefs and cultures and it is important for counselors to understand cultural issues within a client and how that affects the counseling process.  How a particular person from one culture versus another culture can vary greatly how various emotions such as grief are displayed, or how certain emotions are seen as positive and negative.  When working with a client, a counselor needs to be able to understand these differences.  The counselor will also need to understand other sensitive issues that exist for a particular client that is tied to his/her culture or background.  This involves many investigative and interviewing steps to have a full grasp of the client.

Multicultural Competence

When counseling, counselors need to be aware of cultural differences between themselves and clients

Many are sometimes rigid to ideas of multicultural issues and may see it as merely another “woke” agenda but this is farther from the truth.  Multicultural competence is imperative to social skills, especially for counselors.  It helps counselors better understand different clients to maximize helping and minimize harm.  According to Ivey, it is ethically imperative that counselors become more multicultural competent in their care of clients (2018, p. 51).   Hence any hesitancy by counselors to remain close minded to cultural realities is something contrary to the very nature of helping others.  There are extremely important things to consider when helping others with different backgrounds and they play key roles in the therapeutic process.

Ivey lists the “RESPECTFUL” model which highlights key dimensions within a human person.  Each letter of respectful correlates with something unique about ourselves as well as others.  When looking at the counselor and client, it is important to identify not only the client within this model, but also the counselor and how the differences between the two could possibly manifest and side track the counseling process.  We will briefly look at this model.



R= Religious or spiritual background.  Obviously someone who is Christian would differ greatly from someone who is Hindu, or someone who is religious versus someone who is secular.

E= Economic and social background.  A more wealthy counselor may have issues identifying with an individual with far less income and wealth.

S= Sexual Identity.  Individuals who are heterosexual or homosexual have very different stories to tell in regards of acceptance within society

P= Personal Style and Education.  Different levels of education can cause differences in how well communication and conversation is achieved.

E= Ethnic and Racial Identity.  Different cultures and races have different experiences with situations. Sometimes counselor and client are two differently culturally and racial people

C= Chronological/Life Span.  Depending on one’s age, the outlook on a particular situation can differ greatly.

T= Trauma.  An individual based on their situation or culture may inherit various different levels of inherent trauma

F= Family background and History.  A person’s upbringing can play a key role in his/her development.  A person raised in a two parent home versus a one parent home

U= Unique Physical Characteristics.  A person with various disabilities has a unique set of challenges.

L=Location and Language.  A person’s land or origin, or where a person resides or the language a person speaks can all create unique difficulties

(Ivey, 2018, p. 33)

These types of differences all point to unique challenges a counselor may encounter with a particular client.   When counseling, different cultural expressions can emerge in how one expresses or speaks or means a certain phrase.  Hence it is important to be aware of the RESPECTFUL model and see how each element can possibly apply to a client

Soul Wounds

Different races, cultures and people face historical traumas and what is referred to as “soul wounds”


Different cultures experience different griefs or collective wounds that an individual has inherited.  This can be referred to as social grief, but also according to Ivey, as “soul wounds” (2018., p.52),  Historical trauma can play a key role in how an individual living in the present experiences the world and interacts with it.  African American clients can experience quite a different situation from day to day interaction with others than White Americans.  A simple traffic stop can have a greater traumatic effect due to racial profiling, police brutality, and social injustice.  In addition, African Americans suffer the tragic legacy of slavery within their history.  Following slavery, unjust and unequal economic restrictions prevented many African Americans from accumulating wealth leading to current poverty levels for many of them.  These types of issues and a host of other microaggressions greatly affect African American clients.

Simple prejudice can also exist at the microlevel that many individuals do not notice.  Microaggressions based on mere differences of culture and skin color exist within the world.  Whether unintended or intended, these aggressions add up over time.  Individuals face prejudices, looks, stares, or unkind words or opinions that can build up within them over time (Ivey, 2018, p. 52).  In most cases, although, microaggressions are not intended to be harmful, they still can cause great harm and trigger the other party.

So whether it is the African American community, or the Native American community, or the LGBTQ community, various slights and soul wounds exist within their communities that affect them.  Understanding these wounds and the importance of recognizing this diversity is critical in any type of counseling.

Counselor World View 

Believe it or not, the counselor brings with him/herself a variety of inherent bias and world views that he/she must be aware of and attempt to filter out when counseling.  Awareness  of one’s own background is as key as awareness of the client’s background (Ivey, 2018, p. 52).  Within this, a counselor of a particular background must be aware of his/her own beliefs and background but also how he/she appears before the client.  A white male counselor may initially cause some distance between a black female client.  The issue of creating trust and understanding may take longer. In this case, privilege and image play a key role.  A young counselor may find struggles counseling an older client, so minimizing the status of oneself or the privileges associated with oneself can play a key role in a healthy counselor/client relationship.  Unfortunately, sometimes, counselors and clients do not match, and through no fault of either, another fit may be best.  Do not feel horrible if this is the case because in many cases the perception of the client regarding the counselor is key.

The client hence needs to show cultural sensitivity to race, religion, age, gender, sexuality or culture of the individual.  This involves using political correct terminology (Ivey, 2018, p. 52).  The counseling session should not include language that is non-inclusive that already exists in the  outside world and causes distress to the client.  The counseling should be professional and void of damaging language.  In addition, the counselor must be extra careful in how he/she presents himself to different individuals with different backgrounds that may cause distress, either through posture, facial expressions, or words.  The counselor also needs to be mindful of his/her own beliefs and maintain a neutral setting with those of extremely different views.  The counselor should do his/her very best to be inclusive and open minded in listening and discussing issues that are different than his/her own religious or even moral beliefs.   If bias exists, then it needs to be dismissed.  A client can never be dismissed or set to the side due to cultural or moral differences.  This goes against all ethical standards of counseling.  If cultural differences are so great and there is no benefit in the counseling, usually the client will sense it, but if not, a counselor can help the client find a counselor that better matches the client’s needs, but again, this must be done with sensitivity, care and mutual agreement.


Ultimately it is the counselors job to be multicultural competent.  Some counselors may be less open to this type of training but to better serve the client and cause no harm it is absolutely essential that counselors become multicultural competent.

Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling and Christian Counseling certification programs and see if they meet your academic and professional goals

Counselors need to be aware of different backgrounds through the RESPECTFUL MODEL, be aware of soul wounds of a particular culture and also be aware of their own beliefs and values.  The counselor needs to remain neutral but educated on different backgrounds.  This is not only important ethically but it also permits the counselor to better understand how different people experience the world and how they communicate it.  In addition, a counselor needs to be aware of his/her own values and appearance and how that translates to a potential client.

Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling Certification, as well as its Christian Counseling Certification.  AIHCP also offers a host of other mental health certifications for clergy, pastoral and clinical counselors, social workers and any individuals within the Human Service fields in Crisis Intervention, Stress Management and also Anger Management.  All of the programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.

Also for members of AIHCP with existing Grief Counseling Certifications, please review AIHCP’s Grief Diversity Counseling Program which focuses on such issues of grief and diversity within different cultural groups.



Ivey, A. et. al. (2018). “Intentional Interviewing and Counseling: Facilitating Client Development in a Multicultural Society” (9th Ed.) Cengage

Additional Resources

Seales, J., (2022). “Cultural Competence in Therapy: What It Is and How to Find It”. PsychCentral.  Access here

Farook, M. “The State of Multicultural Counseling Competencies Research”.  Society for the Advancement of Psychotherapy. Access here

Gillson, S. & Ross, A. (2019). “From Generation to Generation: Rethinking “Soul Wounds” and Historical Trauma”. Biol Psychiatry. 2019 Oct 1; 86(7): e19–e20. National Library of Medicine. Acces here

Berns-Zare, I. (2021). “6 Ways to Build Multicultural Competence and Combat Racism”. Psychology Today.  Access here

Dissociation Video

Dissociation is a serious condition resulting from PTSD.  When triggers of past trauma arise, the mind tries to shut the body down through dissociation.  Sometimes it is through a flashback, or a disconnect from reality.  These situations while in public or driving can cause injury to the person. So it is important to understand what triggers it and how to ground oneself when dissociation occurs.

PTSD can cause dissociation when certain triggers are pulled.

Please also review AIHCP’s numerous mental health certifications which include grief counseling, crisis intervention, spiritual and Christian spiritual counseling, stress management and anger management programs.  The programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.










Please review the video below

Responding Skills in Counseling

In the previous blog, we discussed listening skills and observing skills of the client.  Good listening and observation set the stage for proper responses.  In this blog, we will shortly review core concepts in turning listening into positive and productive  counselor responses that help the client through the counseling process.  Attending skills are essential in any type of counseling, especially grief counseling.  When these basic skills are absent, the client can feel neglected or misunderstood.  Good grief counselors, whether licensed clinical counselors or non-clinical counselors, are able to incorporate these skills to enhance the therapeutic nature of counseling and keep the client as an active and on going participant in his/her mental health.  Bear in mind, good responses are not necessarily saying the most profound or theory correct statement, but the particular response that is best for the particular stage of counseling and needed comment.  Sometimes the responses may be short or longer, statements or questions, informative or probing, but they all have a particular reason and are the tools of the trade in discovering issues and helping clients find better outcomes.

Identifying Emotions in Counseling

Grief Counselors need to identify emotions when preparing a response or prompt to help the client’s story proceed smoothly

In the last blog, we spoke about the vital importance of observation and how a grief counselor needs to identify verbal but as well as non-verbal cues in a client that can illustrate a particular issue or feeling.  In formulating therapeutic responses, grief counselors and other counselors need to identify the particular emotion of an attending client.  This involves identifying the words associated with the emotion, implicit and unspoken emotions, and any non-verbal cues of the emotion expressed (Ivey, 2018, p., 170).   Based from the core universal feelings across cultures, a counselor should watch for sad, mad, glad and scared (Ivey, 2018. p., 171).   These are root words for all emotions and a grief counselor can build from these words to more complex emotions.

It is crucial to employ empathetic responses.  Like the previous blog, which emphasized empathetic listening, again, the word empathy appears in counseling.  The grave importance of empathy allows the counselor to become involved in the client’s state of being in a true and understanding way that helps the counselor produce productive and positive change.  Empathetic responses help the client feel understood and not judged, or admonished.  Hence, responses to emotions need to be empathetic and caring in nature.   Egan reports three important types of empathy in responding from the work of Arthur Clark.  He first lists subjective empathy, which puts the counselor literally in the client’s life and helps the counselor understand the emotional state of the client.  Second, he lists the term objective empathy which ties to the studies of the counselor and the counselor’s own personal experience in counseling.  Tying these together is a third type of empathy referred to as interpersonal empathy, which ties together the client’s feelings and the way the counselor is able to communicate it as well as any needed information (Egan, 2019, p. 132-133).

Interpersonal empathy involves the ability to perceive the issues, the know how to state it and the assertiveness when to input it (Egan, 2019, p. 134-137).  Grief Counselors need to perceive the emotion on display, the ability to articulate it and the assertiveness to sometimes address it when uncomfortable.  It is important to report what is said back with empathetic accuracy (Egan, 2019., p. 137).  Ivey also emphasizes the importance of accuracy in naming particular emotions.  He points out that counselors should use the words to describe the emotion by the client and also attempt to articulate the emotion with name and when only seen non-verbally as close as possible to what the client is experiencing (2018, p. 171).  Egan continues that is important when naming emotions to remain sensitive when naming them, as well as to not over-emphasize or under emphasize them.  He also encourages counselors to be aware of cultural sensitivities as well when naming particular emotions (2019, p. 139-142).


Prompts in Counseling

Some clients may speak openly about issues of loss, trauma or everyday issues.  They are a flood of information.  Other clients may be more shy, untrusting, or quiet in how they detail their issues.  Obviously, building trust is key within the therapeutic relationship and plays a large role in receiving vital information during the listening phases. However, sometimes it takes various prompts, nudges, or encouragements to help a client discuss difficult issues.  The art of counseling involves keeping a steady dialogue and flow between client and counselor and this falls upon the counselor’s shoulders to ensure this productive process.  According to Egan, probes are extremely beneficial in helping clients engage more fully, especially with more reluctant clients, in identifying experiences, feelings and behaviors.  They further help clients open to other areas of discussion and engage in conversation with more clarity and specifics.  They can also help clients remain on target and on important issues (2019, p. 177).

There are a variety of ways to help a client continue the story through prompts such as paraphrasing, summarizing, or open ended questioning

Some encouragers can be as simple as “uh huh” or a simple phrase of understanding which serves as a bridge for the client to continue speaking (Ivey, 2018, p. 148).  Sometimes, as simple, as saying “I see” or “okay” or “please continue” are strong enough phrases to encourage the client to continue the story. Sometimes the counselor can merely restate the emotion in a particular tone expressed by a client which further facilitates further discussion.  These simple prods can break silence and encourage the client to continue with the story.  Others can be simple non verbal movements, as a nod of the head, a particular look or leaning forward (Egan, 2019, p.161).  Prompts, probes or nudges can also take the form in longer responses.  Counselors can make statements, requests, or ask particular types of questions to better understand the story and also to properly push it forward.

Questions in particular have high value in counseling.  They help the counselor not only understand and clarify points, but they also show the client a sincere interest on the part of the counselor and sometimes can push the client to delve deeper into an issue and find more self discovery.  Questioning, however, for the pure purpose of questioning can be counter-productive and make the client feel they are being interrogated, so questions need to be utilized sparingly and effectively (Egan, 2019, p. 163).   Ivey points out that there are types of questions that are open and closed (2018, p. 124).  Both have their purpose and time but need to be utilized properly in order for the question to be effective.   Open ended questions, as a rule, should be utilized most.  These types of questions do not end with a simple response of “yes” or “no” by the client but look to abstract more information and input from the client.  According to Ivey, most open questions begin with the words “how”, “what”, “where”, “when” or “could” (2018, p. 124). Close ended questions look for a particular concise answer and have value but usually are used when the counselor is looking for a particular answer while the counselor is primarily talking during the session.   Another great question is the “what else question”.  This question looks for any additive elements to the story or if the counselor is missing anything (Ivey, 2018, p. 125).  Remember, if the counselor does not understand something, then questions or statement looking for greater clarity are better than pretending to understand.

Another important prompt involves paraphrasing.  Paraphrasing is a useful tool utilized in responses by counselors to help keep the conversation going or to help the client hear reflectively what the client has stated.  Sometimes the mere power of hearing something back has immense value.  When a counselor paraphrases, the counselor usually states the emotion in a sentence and then concludes with a “because” phrase.  For instance, a counselor may paraphrase to a depressed client by stating, “you are depressed because you no longer feel any energy”.  This paraphrase can illicit additional information or continue the conversation, much in the same fashion as a simple nod, or phrase.  Ivey points out that paraphrasing is not repetition but also adding some of the counselor’s own words (2018,p. 148).  It is important to note that when paraphrasing, if something is worded incorrectly, the counselor should apologize and ask for deeper clarification.  Sometimes, hearing certain things back can trigger an individual, or if worded differently, and the client is not ready to hear the interpretation, the client may respond quickly, or begin to close up.  Cultural issues can sometimes play a key in this.

Finally, Summaries are a critical promoting tool in responding to a client. Summaries are more detailed paraphrases that adds more depth to the conversation.  They are usually utilized to begin an interview to help bridge the previous meeting, or to conclude a meeting, but they have other purposes as well during the session (Ivey, 2018, p. 148).  Egan points out that sometimes a more detailed summary can help during a session when the discussion is not going anywhere.  They can also be utilized to help the client see a new perspective (2019, p. 178-179).   A counselor utilizing a summary for purposes of illustrating a new perspective can state “I’d like to get the bigger picture… or “I’d like to put a few things together” (Egan, 2019, p. 179).   According to Egan, it is also important to help clients create summaries.  The counselor can ask the client to put together the major points or concerns of the issue and to articulate them Egan, 2019, p. 180).

Carl Rogers saw the importance of these ways to respond.  In this Basic Listening Sequence BLS, he saw the skills of the counselor in how he/she responds to be most crucial.  The utilization of open/closed questions, encouraging, reflecting feelings, paraphrasing and summarizing were all critical elements in the empathetic relationship and understanding the story (Ivey, 2019,p.194).

Pitfalls to Avoid When Responding

Responses while helpful can also be detrimental when not properly utilized by the counselor during a session.  A counselor needs to avoid certain responses that derail the process or make the client uncomfortable.  Not responding or asking too many questions are two extremes to avoid.  Not responding can remove merit from a statement or display disinterest to the conversation.  While sometimes silence can be powerful, not saying anything or responding is usually non productive to the counseling session (Egan, 2019.p. 155).  It is also a dis-service merely to respond for the sole purpose of it.  Counselors should avoid parroting or repeating without context  Parroting dismisses any empathetic response (Egan, 2019, P. 156)

Counselors need to avoid distracting questions when working with clients

In addition to not responding, some counselors misuse questioning.  They can either over utilize it and make the session appear as an interrogation, or ask distracting questions that inflame rather than heal.  For instance, instead of responding with empathy, some counselors can ask inflaming and distracting questions that upset the client.  Instead of focusing on the client’s feelings, the question looks at how the client may have responded. “Did you confront him” or ” Did you do anything at all” or “Are you positive you cannot resolve this” (Egan, 2019., p. 155).  These questions again distract from the story and the emotion and can cause irritation in the client as he/she focuses on a personal injustice or slight.

Cliches are another responses that should be avoided.  In grief counseling,  cliches are counter-productive.  In general counseling, they are also counter-productive.  Cliches can minimize the conversation and cheapen it.  They attempt to replace understanding and empathy with a more generic and impersonal response (Egan, 2019, p. 155).  Clients can hear cliches from the next door neighbor, they do not need to hear them from trained professionals that are their to help assist them in resolving issues.

Another pitfall is how counselors advise clients.  In the counselor-client model, most people expect advise from a counselor.  Other cultures may demand it.  However, in counseling, the counselor does not exist to advice a course of action, but presents a host of options for the client to choose. The client is in control and the counseling relationship is one of teamwork and collaboration.  When the client is told what to do, then the counseling relationship strips the client of self discovery and self healing.  The client is not looking for a family member to give un-wanted advice, but a set of options.  Instead of saying what to do, instead utilize “if I was in your situation, here are a few options that I might look into” (Egan, 2019, 156).

Interpretations based on theories and models are also tempting responses that have a time and place but usually not in responses.  A counselor may have a wealth of knowledge to share, but when interpretations and labeling of an client’s state of mind overtake empathetic responses, then the process of counseling can become derailed.  Instead of giving a moralistic interpretation based on past study, respond to the client’s feelings (Egan, 2019. p. 155).

Counselors need to be also honest in their responses to a client.  Pretending to respond with ingenuine “Uh huh” or “Ok” can lead to later issues when the counselor is expected to remember or understand something previously stated by the client.  Hence if, one loses sight, or track of a story, it is far better not to pretend to understand but to ask for clarification.  This is not only polite and professional but it also shows genuine interest and also pushes the client to better explain the issue which alone may be beneficial (Egan, 2019, p. 157).

Finally, a counselor’s response should not be sympathetic and agreeing for the sake of being so.  Empathy is far different than sympathy.  Many times sympathy can drown logic and allow one to lose focus on the facts.  An empathetic counselor while caring remains grounded.  The counselor response is not overtly sympathetic or judgmental but one that addresses emotion and the issue in a caring way.  The client is looking for help beyond a shoulder to cry on (Egan, 2019, p. 157).


A grief counselor’s response to a client is key in helping the client tell the story.  The response is tied to good observation of the client’s emotions.   Good responses are helpful in transitioning the story, moving it forward, but also in in proper feedback about the story.  Empathy is the guiding force in responding.  Grief Counselors can utilize nudges or prompts with verbal and non-verbal responses. Some verbal responses can be one word or a phrase, while some may include paraphrasing or summaries.  Good counselors utilize responses like an artist and interweave them throughout the counseling process.

Please review AIHCP’s multiple mental health certifications including Grief Counseling and Christian Counseling

Please also review AIHCP’s numerous mental health certifications that involve counseling skills.  AIHCP offers a Grief Counseling Certification, as well as a Christian Counseling Certification.  Other topics include crisis counseling, stress management and anger management.  All of the programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.








Egan, G & Reese. R. (2019). “The Skilled Helper: A Problem-Management and Opportunity-Development Approach to Helping” (11th Ed). Cengage

Ivey, A. et, al. (2019). “Intentional Interviewing and Counseling: Facilitating Client Development6 in a Multicultural Society” (9th Ed.) Cengage





Additional Resources

Bennett, T. “Empathic responding (or active listening) in counseling: A basic, yet essential response for counselors to master in their practice”. Thriveworks.  Access here

Sutton, J. (2022). “Communication Skills in Counseling & Therapy: 17 Techniques”. Positive Psychology. Access here

“ENCOURAGERS, PARAPHRASING AND SUMMARISING”. Counseling Connection.  Access here

“What Are The Benefits Of Paraphrasing In Counseling”. Processing Therapy.  Access here




The Problem Management Helping Model in Grief and Counseling

Helping individuals from one point of need to the final point of self resilience and healing is the process of counseling itself, however, many times counselors helping others with grief, issues of loss, or problems in life become loss in the process.  Maintaining a sense of direction when helping is key.  While there is a partnership in the counseling relationship, the counselor still nonetheless is the guider within the partnership.  The counselor directs the process and guides it to its eventual end point.   Whatever counseling philosophy or model one incorporates, it is still essential to have a template of how to help resolve a particular issue.  Problem Management is a key arrow and guiding modality to help counselors and clients stay on track and have a sense of direction.  It is essentially the compass or navigation control in the counseling session.  Good counselors understand its use and properly utilize it during counseling.  In this short blog, we will review its essential nature in counseling and how to properly incorporate it with a client.

We will also note how Problem Management lays the foundation and structure for a counseling session and compare it to the 5 Stage Model of Carl Rogers.

Counselors help clients identify problems, offer solutions, and incorporate goals and ways to achieve them


Problem Management: Four Questions

When a client attends counseling, he/she is looking for guidance in a particular struggle.  Whether it is more complex trauma or loss, or instead a simpler issue revolving around a decision to find a job or not, clients are seeking guidance.  While the clients ultimately determine the outcome, they seek guidance with options and how to accomplish a given thing.  Counselors can help guide clients through Problem Management and its four questions.  The process involves the current picture, preferred picture, a way forward and action itself.

First, the counselor will ask questions about the current problem and current picture..  According to Egan, one should ask a client, what his/her issues or concerns pertain to (2019, p. 45)?   Within this first stage of helping the client, the counselor can help the client discover and identify the issue.  The first task involves the story itself.  What is the primary problem and main concerns (Egan, 2019, p. 48)?  When discussing the story, the counselor should help the client possibly see new perspectives to the problem and what may be really going on beyond the client’s initial story.  Finally, the counselor should be able to direct the client to the right story and what  he/she should be working on.  This process leads to first listening, but then helping the client identify beyond his/her perceptions and find the right story and the keys surrounding it (Egan, 2019, p. 48).  For example, a person who is obese may discuss multiple issues revolving around self image and poor diet/health.  Discussing the primary problem and identifying perceptions of self image and directing the person to the core of the problem is important.  Leading the client to the right story and issue sometimes takes time, but is essential.

After helping the client identify the right issue at hand, the counselor needs to help the client look beyond the current picture and propose a preferred picture.  The primary question should include what does a better picture look like? Within this phase, according to Egan, the counselor helps the client determine problem managing outcomes and set goals (2019, p. 48).   What are the possibilities for a better outcome entail?  What goals and outcomes are truly the most critical and important?  Finally, what is the client willing to do to achieve these outcomes (2019, p.48). Ultimately, these better outcomes and preferred pictures involve effort.  In this phase, again the example of the obese client will see a preferred picture of weight loss, better health and higher self esteem.

Following the preferred picture, the counselor looks to guide the client forward.  The counseling sessions look to help the person move forward with a plan.  The client and counselor should brain storm with possible ideas and strategies to resolve a particular issue.  The counselor will help narrow down the best fit strategies for the particular client and then help the client organize a way to accomplish these goals (Egan, 2019, P. 48).  In the case and example of the obese client, the counselor will discuss diet and exercise strategies and then see which particular strategies fit best with the client’s work and life schedule.  The counselor will then help coordinate first steps and possible times to put things into action.

These three phases of identifying problems, seeking better outcomes and making plans all lead to a call to action.  How well will this call to action being implemented depends on many subjective factors within the client.

Clients and Change

Human beings, despite perfect plans, usually fail to accomplish goals the first time. This requires patient and flexibility by the counselor to help facilitate lasting change and resiliency within the client

Counselors can only direct, they cannot force a client to change.  Hence it is important to help facilitate change but not to expect perfection.  Change takes time.  Some clients may be more resilient to let downs, or more focused in accomplishing a task.   It is important to expect a back and forth wavering between stages.  Clients when they finally become aware of a problem enter into various phases to push forward in change.  According to Egan, individuals looking for change after initial awareness of a problem, will still waver, until the awareness leads to a heightened level (2019, p. 56). This leads to preliminary actions and a search for remedies.  Within this, individuals estimate costs and weigh those costs of a change.  They soon turn to more rational decision that is not only rational but tied to emotional change.  This leads to serious action.  However, these actions still require maintenance and the reality that relapse can occur (Egan, 2019, p.57-58).

It is the counselors job to help nurture positive change and guide clients through pitfalls.  Those facing addiction issues, or in our example, one facing weight loss challenges, will wish to change but may sometimes not be emotionally tied to the rational decision enough to take the serious action.  Others may do well for a few months and not be able to maintain what is demanded, or worst, yet relapse into addiction, or fall off their diet.  Counselors are there to help guide in those cases and foster resilience.  This may involve returning to the Problem Management model at an earlier stage to again find grounding and direction.

This is why counselors must ever remain flexible in their approach.  Somethings may work for one client but not another.  Counselors need to constantly “mine” various approaches or counseling philosophies that will help a particular client (Egan, 2019, p. 58).   The counselor then organizes what works best, evaluates it and incorporates it into the various phases of the Problem Management Model (2019, p, 58-59)

Pitfalls to Avoid in Problem Management

When helping clients identify issues, outcomes and plans of action, there are some pitfalls that counselors need to avoid.  Counselors need to avoid a lack of plan in their work.  Some helpers go session by session without a uniform plan set into play.  Others on the contrary attempt to implement to many plans at once.  While there are many good models, not all models fit for a particular person, so each model and stage of helping, needs to be tailored to the individual client.  Avoiding rigidness and being flexible in approach is key with an understanding that one can go back and forth between stages.  It is also important to include the client in the process.  Since counseling is a partnership, then it is essential to share the helping models with the client.  This is an element of psycho-educational healing.  A client who is part of the process understands the points of reference and can better track oneself in the healing and change process (Egan, 2019, p. 60-61).  Finally, while important as it is to utilize flexibility, a good counselor can recognize lack of progress on part of the client and when to help the client push forward (Egan, 2019, p52).

Hence the process while simple in theory is more difficult when people become involved.  People are complex and no one person is the same.  This leads to the need of flexibility, testing and feedback, and trying other things within the parameters of the Problem Management model.  Some clients may process the issue quicker, others may take longer.  Some my engage in a certain stage a different way than another, while others will regress or progress.   This is why counseling while a science is also an art.  The individual talents of a counselor go well beyond the models and theories but also helping others implement what needs to be done through a variety of skills that involve evaluation and guidance.

Problem Management and Carl Roger’s 5 Stage Model

The great Humanist counselor, Carl Rogers, understood the importance of structure in helping clients find direction.  At the source, he also made his care patient based and utilized empathy to help individuals find healing.  In previous blogs, we discuss the Humanistic Approach.

In regards to Carl Rogers, the Problem Management Model shares many similarities with the 5 Stage Model.  Carl Rogers listed 5 important stages within any counseling relationship that are essential in directing an individual towards healing.  The first stage involves an empathetic relationship.  Within this first stage, the counselor looks to build rapport with the client through empathy, trust building and establishing a goals and direction (Ivey, 2018, p. 194).  This stage is so critical because many counselor/client relationships end because of a disconnect.  Whether due to insensitivity or indifference that is purposeful or perceived, the relationship is never able to grow.  The client does not feel the counselor cares or truly invests in the problem.  Furthermore, in our previous blogs, it can be due to multicultural issues that are perceived by the client.  The client may feel a young woman may not understand himself, an older man, or a black woman, feeling a white middle class counselor will not understand her issues of social injustice.

Rogers second stage includes understanding the story. Stage two is labeled Story and Strengths and focuses on the story itself.  Collecting data, drawing out the story and establishing early goals are essential (Ivey, 2018, p., 194).  Of course this stage demands good attending of the client.  It involves active listening and good responding skills that emphasize reflecting feelings, paraphrasing and summarizing as needed to have a full understanding of the story.  It involves empathetic understanding of the client and identifying strengths and weaknesses, truth and discrepancies, and helping to build up with the client.

Stage three involves in identifying and establishing goals that best fit the needs of the client.  It is a collaborative effort where as a team, the counselor and client identify the best goals and options (Ivey, 2019, p. 194).  This stage is very similar to the Problem Management Model, where after feelings are identified, then the client is asked beyond the current picture, what is the preferred picture?  Hence, the similarities show a concrete plan in helping the client from one point to another and helping the counseling sessions move forward with purpose and direction.

Rogers’ stage four continues align with the Problem Management Model in continuing to identify the preferred picture.  Within this stage, the Restory stage, the client is asked to identify alternative goals, confront issues and rewrite the narrative (Ivey, 2018, p. 194).  It is the completion of the preferred picture and implementation of a plan.

Finally, the final stage, looks at action and how to achieve it and also deal with set backs (Ivey, 2018, p. 194).  Hence one can see the similarities but also see a common art and science that should guide a counselor in helping individuals through problems.  There is a common theme and way to do things.  There is a general current that one should allow counseling sessions to flow.  The flow may be different at certain times, but the general direction is essential.




It is essential to have a plan.  Counseling is structured while also flexible.  It has a purpose and a plan to reach a goal.  The flexibility is how to reach that goal not the goal itself.  Problem Management helps the counseling relationship stay structured in regards to the issue.  It helps identify the issue, state the better outcome and help give the tools and plans to accomplish it.  Counselors need to work their clients to the desired change but while doing so understand the nature of change within the human person and the need to keep trying when results do not appear.  The counselor not only guides the client to facilitate positive change but also helps the client get up when the client falls.

Please also review AIHCP’s numerous mental health programs, including its Grief Counseling and Christian Counseling Certification Programs


Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling Certification as well as its Christian Counseling Program.  AIHCP also offers Spiritual Counseling, Stress Management, Crisis Intervention and Anger Management programs to help train professionals in facilitating positive changes in clients.  Utilization of a Problem Management paradigm is essential in all of these models.  AIHCP’s programs are all independent study and online.


Egan, G & Reese, R. (2019). “The Skilled Helper: A Problem Management and Opportunity-Development Approach to Helping” (11th Ed.) Cengage.

Additional Resources

“Problem-Solving Models: What They Are and How To Use Them”. (2023). Indeed Editorial Staff. Indeed.  Access here

Cuncic, A. (2024). “What Is Problem-Solving Therapy?”. Very Well Mind.  Access here

Antonatos, L. (2023). “Problem-Solving Therapy: How It Works & What to Expect”. Choosing Therapy.  Access here






Case Management and Wound Management of Patients

The management of wounds is a critical aspect of healthcare that requires a comprehensive approach involving multiple disciplines and the latest in care techniques. This article explores the various dimensions of wound care management, from the basics of treatment to the collaborative efforts needed to optimize healing and patient involvement.

Key Takeaways

Case Managers play a big role in wound management and ensuring the patient receives the proper follow up and care


Case Managers can help coordinate healthcare teams and ensure proper upkeep and follow up care is given to the patient’s wound.

  • Understanding the fundamentals of wound care is essential for effective management and resource optimization.
  • Interdisciplinary collaboration and the use of cutting-edge technology are key to improving healing rates and patient quality of life.
  • Regular training and the establishment of best practices are crucial for ensuring high-quality wound care.
  • Patient involvement and education in wound care can significantly enhance treatment outcomes and prevent complications.
  • Advancements in wound care research and technology continue to evolve, offering new opportunities for more effective treatments.

Overview of Basic Wound Care Management

Understanding the Fundamentals

Basic wound care management is essential for effective patient recovery and prevention of complications. Proper understanding of wound healing processes—such as hemostasis, inflammation, and epithelialization—is crucial. This knowledge ensures that healthcare providers can apply the most appropriate and effective treatments.

Resource Utilization

Effective wound care management requires significant resources. It involves not only the direct care of wounds but also the strategic use of materials and personnel to optimize healing and minimize resource waste. Strategies include streamlining the supply chain for dressing materials and educating staff on the latest wound care techniques.

Improving Healing Rates

To enhance the healing rates of wounds, it is imperative to implement evidence-based practices. These include maintaining a clean and moist wound environment, using advanced dressings, and employing modern therapeutic techniques. Regular monitoring and timely interventions can significantly improve outcomes and reduce the duration of patient recovery.

Collaborative Approaches in Wound Management

Case Managers help coordinate healthcare teams in providing the best care for the wound of the patient.

Interdisciplinary Team Roles

In effective wound management, the collaboration between various healthcare professionals is crucial. The nursing team, treating medical team, and specialists such as stomal therapists and plastic surgeons play pivotal roles. Each member contributes uniquely to the management and dressing selection, optimizing the healing process.

Referral Processes

Referrals are essential for specialized wound care. They should be streamlined through an Electronic Medical Record (EMR) system to ensure timely and appropriate management. This process involves multiple healthcare departments, including Specialist Clinics and Allied Health teams.

Optimizing Dressing Selection

Selecting the right dressing is a critical decision that affects wound healing. It requires a thorough understanding of wound types and the available dressing technologies. The choice of dressing can significantly influence the healing rate and should be made collaboratively by the interdisciplinary team.

Healing Mechanisms in Wound Care

Primary Intention

Wound healing through primary intention involves the direct closure of the wound, typically through surgical means such as suturing or stapling. This method is most effective for clean, uninfected wounds with well-defined edges. The goal is to minimize scarring and reduce the risk of infection, promoting a quicker recovery.

Monitoring Progress

Effective wound management requires diligent monitoring to assess the healing process. Key indicators include the reduction of redness and swelling, the absence of infection, and the progression of tissue regeneration. Regular assessments help in adapting the treatment plan to enhance healing outcomes.

Adapting Care Plans

Adapting care plans to individual needs is crucial for optimal healing. Factors such as the patient’s nutritional status, underlying health conditions, and mobility affect wound healing. Tailored interventions, considering these intrinsic and systemic factors, are essential for effective wound management.

Implementing Wound Assessment Technology

Role in Pediatric Care

The implementation of wound assessment technology plays a crucial role in pediatric care, enhancing the accuracy and efficiency of treatments. These technologies, particularly portable imaging devices, allow for precise measurements and monitoring of wound healing, which is vital in the sensitive and varying physiology of children.

Guidelines and Aims

Wound assessment technology aims to standardize the evaluation process across different healthcare settings. Guidelines focus on ensuring consistent and accurate measurements, which are critical for effective treatment planning and outcome prediction.

Multidisciplinary Assessment

Incorporating technology into wound care facilitates a multidisciplinary approach, involving various healthcare professionals. This integration ensures comprehensive care, from initial assessment to the final stages of healing, leveraging the expertise of each team member.

Defining Key Terms in Wound Care

Common Definitions

In the realm of wound care, understanding the terminology is crucial for effective communication and treatment planning. Key terms include ‘acute wound’, ‘chronic wound’, ‘debridement’, and ‘exudate’ among others. These terms help in categorizing and treating wounds based on their nature and severity.

Impact of Comorbidities

Comorbidities significantly affect wound healing processes. Conditions such as diabetes and vascular diseases can impede blood flow, thus delaying wound healing. It’s essential to consider these factors when planning treatment to ensure optimal care.

Preventive Measures

Preventive strategies in wound care are vital to reduce the incidence of wounds, especially in at-risk populations. These include regular inspections, maintaining skin moisture, and proper nutrition. Implementing these measures can significantly decrease the risk of wound development and complications.

Assessing Causes of Wounds

Identifying Damage

Identifying the cause and extent of damage is crucial for effective wound management. Early and accurate assessment helps in tailoring the treatment to the specific needs of the wound, thereby enhancing the healing process. Factors to consider include the size, depth, and the presence of any foreign bodies or underlying tissue damage.

Control Measures

Control measures are essential to prevent the exacerbation of the wound. These include maintaining a stable temperature and moisture balance, ensuring adequate oxygenation, and managing any infection present. It is also important to address any intrinsic factors such as nutrition and underlying chronic diseases that may affect wound healing.

Predicting Treatment Outcomes

Predicting treatment outcomes involves understanding the complexities of wound healing and the patient’s overall health status. This includes monitoring the wound’s response to treatment and making necessary adjustments to care plans. Effective prediction helps in setting realistic expectations and improving patient outcomes.

Note: Effective wound assessment and management require a comprehensive understanding of both the wound and the patient’s overall health condition.

Establishing Best Practices Internally

Training Staff

Ensuring that all healthcare providers are well-trained in the latest wound care techniques is crucial. Comprehensive education programs should be established, focusing on both theoretical knowledge and practical skills. Workshops and continuous training sessions can help in maintaining high standards of care.

Partnering with Specialists

Collaboration with specialists in wound care enhances the overall quality of care provided to patients. Establishing partnerships with experts can bring in advanced insights and techniques, thus improving patient outcomes.

Ensuring Proper Techniques

Adopting and adhering to evidence-based practices is essential for consistent patient care. Regular audits and feedback mechanisms should be implemented to ensure that the care provided meets the highest standards. The use of innovative technologies, such as portable wound assessment devices, can aid in early detection and management of wound conditions, thus enhancing the effectiveness of treatments.

Role of Post-Acute Professionals

Case Managers work with other teams to ensure proper wound management is applied to patients

Case Management plays a key role in record keeping and assessment of healing.

Improving Patient Quality of Life

Post-acute professionals are pivotal in enhancing patient outcomes by teaching management skills that foster independence and self-care. Their role extends to ensuring that patients are well-equipped with the necessary knowledge and tools to manage their conditions effectively, which significantly contributes to improved quality of life and reduced complications.

Teaching Management Skills

The education imparted by these professionals is crucial for patient empowerment. By providing comprehensive training and resources, they help patients understand their treatment protocols, which aids in faster recovery and minimizes the risk of rehospitalization.

Recognizing Complications Early

Early detection of complications is vital in post-acute care. Through regular monitoring and assessments, post-acute professionals can swiftly intervene, preventing the escalation of potential issues. This proactive approach not only saves costs but also enhances the overall healing process.

Challenges in Wound Care Management

Dealing with Complications

In the realm of wound care, complications can arise from a variety of sources, including infections, delayed healing, and reactions to treatment methods. Effective management of these complications is crucial to prevent prolonged recovery times and increased healthcare costs. Strategies to address these issues include rigorous monitoring, timely intervention, and personalized care plans based on individual patient needs.

Generalized Treatment Risks

The application of generalized treatment protocols to all patients can lead to suboptimal outcomes. Each wound and patient is unique, and treatments must be tailored to address specific conditions and comorbidities. This approach helps in minimizing risks associated with inappropriate treatment applications and enhances the overall effectiveness of wound care strategies.

Implementing New Methods

Introducing new wound care techniques and products into clinical practice involves challenges related to acceptance, training, and evaluation of effectiveness. It is essential to ensure that these new methods are implemented with careful oversight to avoid potential setbacks. Continuous education and training for healthcare providers are vital to keep up with advancements and to ensure the safe integration of innovative treatments into standard care practices.

Advancements in Wound Care Techniques

Research and Development

The field of wound care is rapidly evolving with significant investments in research and development. Innovations such as xenogeneic tissue scaffolds and recombinant growth factors are transforming patient outcomes. These advancements are crucial for enhancing the efficacy of wound treatments and reducing recovery times.

Updating Clinical Practices

As new technologies and treatments emerge, updating clinical practices is essential. This includes integrating novel methods like endoscopic subfascial ligation and endovascular arterial repair techniques into standard care protocols to ensure that all healthcare providers are up-to-date with the latest in wound care management.

Cooperation with Specialized Facilities

To maximize the benefits of new wound care technologies, cooperation with specialized facilities is vital. These collaborations help in refining techniques such as negative pressure wound therapy and optimizing the use of advanced dressings and devices. By working together, healthcare providers can leverage collective expertise to improve patient care and outcomes.

Patient Involvement in Wound Care

Nurse-Patient educators can play a key role in helping patients take a big step in self care of their wounds

Self-Management Education

Empowering patients through education is crucial for effective wound care management. Providing patients with the knowledge and skills to manage their wounds can lead to improved outcomes and a greater sense of control over their health. Educational sessions should cover topics such as proper wound cleaning, the importance of maintaining a clean environment, and recognizing signs of infection.

Tools for Effective Care

To support patients in their self-management, various tools and resources should be made available. These include instructional guides, videos, and wound care kits. Ensuring that patients and caregivers know the correct technique to use, these materials should be made available as options. Regular updates and easy access to these resources can significantly enhance patient autonomy and treatment effectiveness.

Benefits of Active Participation

Active participation in wound care not only improves healing rates but also enhances the patient’s quality of life. When patients are involved in their care, they are more likely to adhere to treatment plans and engage in preventive measures. This involvement can also lead to quicker recognition of complications, which is crucial for timely intervention and improved outcomes.

Resource Management in Wound Care

Reducing Hospital Stays

Effective resource management in wound care is crucial for reducing hospital stays. By optimizing wound care protocols and streamlining processes, healthcare facilities can minimize the duration of inpatient care required for wound management. This not only frees up hospital resources but also enhances patient comfort and recovery speed.

Preventing Infections

Preventing infections is a pivotal aspect of resource management in wound care. Implementing stringent sterilization and hygiene practices can significantly reduce the incidence of wound-related infections, thereby conserving resources and improving patient outcomes.

Cost-Effective Strategies

To ensure sustainability in wound care, adopting cost-effective strategies is essential. This involves evaluating and selecting appropriate wound care products and technologies that offer the best value for money. Additionally, training healthcare providers on efficient resource utilization can lead to substantial cost savings and improved care quality.

By focusing on efficient resource management, healthcare facilities can enhance the overall effectiveness of wound care, leading to better patient outcomes and reduced costs.


Please review AIHCP’s Case Management Program as well as its Nurse Patient Educator Program and see if they meet your academic and professional goals

In conclusion, effective case and wound management of patients is a multifaceted endeavor that requires a collaborative and systematic approach. It is essential to integrate the latest research, technology, and best practices to optimize wound healing and patient outcomes. By fostering cooperation among healthcare professionals and ensuring they are well-informed and equipped, we can enhance the quality of care provided to patients. Additionally, involving patients in their own care and educating them on proper wound management techniques can significantly reduce complications and improve healing rates. Ultimately, a comprehensive and evidence-based approach to wound care management not only benefits individual patient health but also contributes to the overall efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare facilities.

Please also review AIHCP’s Case Management Certification and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  The program is online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a Case Management Certification

To learn more about AIHCP’s Nurse Patient Educator Certification then please also review the program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.


Frequently Asked Questions

What is primary intention in wound healing?

Primary intention refers to a method of wound healing where the wound edges can be pulled together, such as in a surgical incision, using sutures, staples, or steristrips.

How can resource utilization improve basic wound care management?

Effective resource utilization in wound care can reduce follow-up visits and lengthy hospital stays due to infections, optimizing the overall healthcare facility’s operations.

What role do post-acute professionals play in wound care?

Post-acute professionals improve patient quality of life by teaching proper wound care management skills, helping in quicker recognition of complications, and enhancing treatment outcomes.

What is the aim of implementing wound assessment technology in pediatric care?

The aim is to provide guidelines for assessing and managing wounds in pediatric patients, ensuring optimal healing through ongoing multidisciplinary assessments and interventions.

How does understanding comorbidities impact wound care management?

Knowing the impact of comorbidities, such as diabetes, on wound healing helps providers avoid complications and improve healing speeds by tailoring treatments to individual needs.

What are the risks associated with generalized wound care treatment?

Generalized treatment can lead to assumptions and risks, necessitating careful implementation of new methods and oversight to avoid complications.

How does assessing the cause of wounds aid in management?

By identifying the cause and extent of damage, providers can apply targeted control measures and predict treatment outcomes more accurately.

What are the benefits of involving patients in wound care?

Involving patients in their wound care through education and tools empowers them, leading to active participation and potentially better healing outcomes.

Additional Resources

Hogan, T. (1997).  “Case management in a wound care program”.  1997 Jan-Feb;2(1):2-13; quiz 14-5. National Library of Medicine.  Access here

Bowers, S & Franco, E. (2020). “Chronic Wounds: Evaluation and Management”. Am Fam Physician. 2020;101(3):159-166. American Family Physician.  Access here

“Creating a Plan of Care for Wound Management” (2022). Wound Source.  Access here

Annesley, S. (2019). “Current thinking on caring for patients with a wound: a practical approach”. British Journal of Nursing.  Access here

Stages of Addiction Video

Addiction does not happen overnight.  One who becomes addicted goes through a variety of phases that usually begins due to poor coping via escapism or through experimentation.  Some individuals may not become addicted, others may have genetic predisposition.  Others may be chemically addicted while others may be behaviorally addicted.  There are many different aspects.  This video looks at the most common stages of addiction and how to fight it.

Addiction has numerous stages. Please also review AIHCP’s Substance Abuse Practitioner Program

Please also review AIHCP’s Substance Abuse Practitioner Program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  The program is online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification










Please review the video below

Attending Skills in Counseling: Listening and Observing

Attending skills and attending the client are the initial phases of patient interaction with a counselor.  It involves how well the counselor attends the client through listening, observing and feedback skills.  These basic skills set the table for productive counseling.

Attending to the client involves listening and observing skills that lead to better feedback. Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling Certification as well as its Christian Counseling Certification

The fundamental foundation in conversation and communication is listening.  When others try to interrupt or speak over each other, the purpose of communication is crippled.  Listening is a key communication skill that helps one understand the other half of the conversation.  It allows one to learn about the other person and be able to make productive comments to the process of the conversation.  When listening fails, communication fails.  No wonder then, counselors, whether clinical or pastoral, whether in grief, spiritual or general counseling fields need to develop this skill in counseling.

When working with someone, whether in basic clinical interviewing where information is collected, or in counseling itself, where one hopes to help someone find healing or progress in life, listening is a key ingredient.  When counselors fail to listen properly, the counseling process itself fails.  Clients sense when their issues are addressed or if the counselor cares about what they are telling them.  Hence, listening and giving good feedback is key not only for providing help but also creating a relationship between counselor and client.  A counselor who listens is not only better able to help the client but is also better able to give the client a sense of meaning.  Through listening, the client feels someone cares about his/her problem and is willing to listen and offer productive advice and guidance in the process.





The Counselor and Client Relationship

The counselor and client relationship is key.  When the counselor makes him/herself available to the client, he/she invites the client into a professional and therapeutic relationship. Through this communication, a team evolves that works together for the benefit of the client.  In essence it becomes an alliance (Egan, 2019, p. 67).  Any good alliance is built upon good communication and listening.  The counselor builds the relationship first via listening.  Through listening, communication begins, through communication, trust emerges, and through trust, a relationship that can heal begins.

The Art of Attending

Attending a client involves both listening and also observing.  When attending to a client, the counselor reduces talk time and provides clients with the timeframe to speak (Ivey, 2018, p. 75).   Conducive to this is how a counselor attends to the client from four physical aspects.  These attending aspects include visual contact, vocal qualities, verbal tracking and body/facial expressions (Ivey, 2018, p. 75).  In regards to eye contact, when someone looks away, it denotes for many, a sign of disrespect or lack of interest.  Hence good visual contact involves eye contact.  This does not necessarily mean awkward staring, but it does denote eye contact during conversation.  This promotes the sense that one is genuinely interested in the story of the client and promotes the process of counseling itself.  Vocal qualities also play a key role in the attending art.  Tones and speech rate can be interpreted by the client as positive or negative based on the counselor’s speech.  A counselor who seems upset via a tone, can quickly scare away a client or embarrass a client from further discussion.  A calm and sensitive tone is essential to provide security to the client while his/her story is being told.  While listening it is also essential to track the conversation.  It is important to keep the client tied to the initiated topic (Ivey, 2018, p. 75).   Good listening helps keep the conversation in a good and purposeful direction.  Finally, one’s body language and facial expressions can play a key role in attending.  An awkward or angry face, or turning away from a person can have the same negative effects as the tone of one’s voice.   Egan recommends facing the person squarely, adopting an open posture and sometimes leaning forward as needed during the conversation (2018, p. 101).   Instead of folding one’s arms, or shifting and moving, one can create a safe sense of being for the client during the narrative.  Bear in mind also cultural aspects.  Some individuals may be from a different and diverse culture that utilizes different ways of expressing certain emotions.  This can lead to different postures or emotional ways of expression.  It is important to be aware of other cultures and their views and to also be aware of oneself and how one’s own appearance, race, faith or culture can affect the client one is attending and trying to help.

Dialogue and Listening

Empathetic listening is an important skill that lets the client know his/her story matters

A good conversation involves taking turns during it.  It involves connecting and mutually influencing each other (Egan, 2018, p. 100).  It not only a monologue but a shared story that each party invests in.  Good listening skills help the counselor make the most of the narrative but some types of listening miss the point.  Egan points out that partial listening is one type of listening that counselors need to avoid.  When counselors only partially listen, they only skim the surface.  They pick up parts of the conversation and miss others.  When questioned by the client, their response is less complete and can cause problems with the client (2018, p. 107).  Another poor listening skill, according to Egan, is an audio-recording style of listening, where the counselor simply parrots what the client has expressed.  In this case, the paraphrase adds no insight or questioning but merely repeats.  Sometimes, repeating something has power and can be utilized but if paraphrasing is utilized in parrot form consistently, then it only mirrors and gives no true insight.  Counselors need to listen to the client’s experiences, thoughts, behaviors and feelings and better respond to those things with insight (Egan, 2018, p. 108).  This insight should not be judgmental, but should be slowly integrated into the responses.  The response then should not merely always paraphrase or repeat, but the listening should produce a paraphrase that not only restates but also probes deeper, but without judgment or necessarily value based accusations.  The key is to help the client find the answer because ultimately the client is in the driver seat.  Finally, Egan points out that another form of bad listening involves rehearsing.  Many novice counselors are looking for the perfect answer or solution, or even the proper response.  During this, counselors can become dominated during listening as to what their response will be instead of what the client is discussing (2018, p. 107). Effective helpers  do not stop listening to derive a solution but continue to listen instead of preparing what they will say next.

Other Distortions in Listening

Egan points out a few other ways distortions to listening that can occur even to counselors who are fully paying attention.  Egan states that it near impossible to listen to someone in a completely unbiased way but counselors need to try their very best to filter these assumptions (2018, p. 125).  A counselor who is a white male may use filters from his own life that could distort cultural differences from a black female.  This bias could side track both parties.  Hence it is critical to remove types of subconscious bias when listening to the narrative of a person from a different race, culture, or faith.   In addition, during listening, it is important to avoid evaluative listening.  Egan defines evaluative listening as judgmental listening.  It involves seeing statements as good or bad, or right or wrong or acceptable or unacceptable (2018, p. 126).  Clients need to be first understood before productive change is introduced.   Another type of distortion involves stereotyping a client based on diagnosis.  This type of listening involves labeling the individual.  While diagnosis is important, when focusing solely on diagnosis of the individual, the counselor puts the client in a box.   Egan states the counselor can be correct in diagnosis but still lose the person (2018, p. 127).   Finally, it is important for counselors not to fall victim to sympathetic listening, where they become solely captivated and emotional about the client’s situation while missing the objective facts.  Sometimes too much sympathy can limit effective helping (Egan, 2018, p. 127).

Importance of Empathy and Finding Missing Cues

Counselors can discover various insights into a client through various physical cues

Empathy is crucial in human relationships. An empathetic person is able to understand the other person emotionally and feel what it may be like to experience certain things.  Empathetic listening allows the counselor to take a sincere and honest interest in the client but still remain objective. Carl Rogers, author of the Humanistic Approach in counseling, emphasized the importance of acute empathy and the utilization of it throughout the discussion.  Empathetic listening according to Ivey can be subtractive, basic or additive.   When subtractive, the counselor gives less back in response and the response is sometimes distortive and hence ineffective.  When the empathy is basic, it is an accurate feedback.  One needs to avoid completely audio-repeating but it sufficient to help the client.  Additive empathy is the best because it reframes but also may include past statements or include additional information to produce positive change (Ivey, 2018. p. 67).  Again, these rephrases, summaries or reflections are not meant to be commands but are used to guide.  They are not meant to impose judgment or value either, but awaken the client to other views or self actualizations.

Counselors have a wide variety of ways to respond through their listening and observing skills, some may include generalizing or summarizing, paraphrasing or reflecting on various issues.  Regardless, they need to be at least additive or basic in empathy.  Summarizing is a broad basic account of the dialogue.  Paraphrasing is more acute but it can be basic or additive.  Reflective is very additive in nature but connects the dialogue to self and offers insight and questions on the statement.

Empathetic listening is key in helping clients and is the basis for a client-based therapy (Egan, 2018, p. 67).  Through empathetic listening, one can become more attune to verbal and non-verbal cues that can reveal issues surrounding the story.   Counselors should watch for tone of voice in responses, facial expressions or body movements during the conversation.  How a client speaks or responds to a question can be a key clue (Egan, 2018, p.116).  Ivey recommends mirroring sometimes the client.  When movements do not clearly match and shifts and jerks within the client appear, then this could be a sign of an issue (2018. p. 99).

As noted, counselors need to watch for changes in tone of speech or physical movements.  Good observing skills, in addition to good listening can help counselors discover other missing pieces of the puzzle. In regards to some verbal behaviors, Ivey emphasizes that counselors should carefully watch “I” statements or “other” statements.  Are these statements positive or negative regarding “I” or “other” (2018, p. 93).  Ivey also recommends looking for words such as “can” and “can’t”.  Some clients as well are more concrete in their speech, while others are more abstract.  During listening and observation, a counselor needs to identify this.  Abstract clients are excellent at self analysis and reflecting on an issue, but may struggle with concrete issues.  More concrete clients may be able to provide specifics, but be less able to see the point of views of others.  Both types have their strengths, but it is important for a counselor to identify which type of speech one is listening and observing (Ivey, 2018, p. 91).  During interviewing or counseling, a counselor may be able to find cues to the issue through various discrepancies throughout the clients story.  Ivey points out that contradictions may occur between statements, or between words and actions, or regarding goals. It is important for the counselor to identify these discrepancies and in a non-confrontational way expose them to the client (Ivey, 2018, p. 99).

In listening empathetically and avoiding bad and distortions of listening , one can better hear the client’s experiences, thoughts, behaviors and feelings and not miss various cues of other issues.



Proper attending of the client is key for good counseling. Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling Certification

Attending a client involves good listening and observing with feedback that reflects this.  Counselors need to develop good listening skills for the betterment of their clients.  Listening forms the foundation for any relationship and it is important to avoid bad listening habits.  Counselors can better attend their clients through a patient-centered model that is empathetic and humanistic.   Neuro-science studies portray that when clients are properly listened to and given feedback that show thought and reflection corresponding with listening, then certain parts of the brain light up in positive ways (Ivey, 2018, p. 77).  Listening plays a key role in making a positive effect on one’s client.  It lets the client realize someone actually is listening and cares and is providing feedback to produce positive change.


If you would like to learn more about helping other people or would like to become certified in Grief Counseling or Christian Counseling, then please review AIHCP’s certifications in these fields.  The programs are open to both clinical and non-clinical counselors who would like to earn a certification in these fields and add to their existing practice.  The Grief Counseling and Christian Counseling programs are online and independent study and lead to a four year certification.

References and Additional Resources

Egan, G & Reese, R. (2018). “The Skilled Helper: A Problem-Management and Opportunity-Development Approach to Helping (11th)”. Cengage.

Ivey, A. et, al. (2018). “Intentional Interviewing and Counseling: Facilitating Client Development in a Multicultural Society (9th)” Cengage.

Sutton, J. (2021). “Defining the Counseling Process and Its Stages”. Positive Psychology.  Access here

“Reflecting Skills”. Counseling Education.  Access here

“7 Attending Skills”. Optimist Minds.  Access here


Holistic Nursing and Managing Sugar and Diabetes I/II

Holistic Nursing and Natural and Holistic Ways to manage high sugar

Managing sugar is a life style choice. Holistic Nurses and other healthcare professionals can help guide you through the process for better health with sugar related issues

Holistic nursing integrates various natural and holistic methods to manage high blood sugar effectively in diabetes management. It emphasizes the importance of treating the whole person by incorporating physical, mental, and emotional wellness into care strategies. This article explores how holistic nursing and natural remedies can be used to optimize blood sugar control and enhance overall health outcomes for individuals with diabetes. Please also review AIHCP’s Holistic Nursing Program


Key Takeaways

  • Holistic nursing addresses the root causes of diabetes by focusing on comprehensive lifestyle changes.
  • Natural remedies like herbs, dietary adjustments, and lifestyle interventions play a crucial role in blood sugar management.
  • Incorporating berberine with dietary and lifestyle changes can significantly improve blood sugar levels and overall diabetic health.
  • Regular exercise and stress management are essential for enhancing insulin sensitivity and controlling blood sugar.
  • Holistic approaches not only manage high blood sugar but also improve cardiovascular health, reduce inflammation, and enhance overall quality of life.

Understanding Holistic Nursing in Diabetes Management

Certified Holistic Nurses can help patients better control or prevent diabetes from taking over their lives. Please also review AIHCP’s Holistic and Integrative Health Care Specialist Program

Defining Holistic Nursing

Holistic nursing is an approach that integrates the whole person in the care process, including physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual well-being. This method is particularly effective in managing chronic conditions like diabetes, where multiple factors influence health outcomes.

The Role of Nurses in Holistic Care

Nurses play a crucial role in implementing holistic care strategies. They assess all aspects of a patient’s life and coordinate care plans that address both the medical and lifestyle needs of individuals with diabetes. Nurses are pivotal in educating patients about the importance of lifestyle changes alongside medication.

Benefits of a Holistic Approach

A holistic approach to diabetes management not only focuses on controlling blood sugar levels but also emphasizes improving overall health. This includes cardiovascular health, reducing inflammation, and enhancing the quality of life. By addressing the root causes and not just the symptoms, holistic care promotes long-term health benefits.

Natural Remedies for Blood Sugar Control

Herbs and Spices

Incorporating certain herbs and spices into the diet can be a potent way to manage blood sugar levels naturally. Some of the most effective include cinnamon, fenugreek, and ginseng. These herbs have been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce blood glucose levels. For instance, cinnamon can mimic insulin and increase glucose transport into cells, while fenugreek seeds contain fibers and chemicals that slow down the digestion of carbohydrates and sugar.

Dietary Adjustments

Making dietary adjustments is crucial for controlling blood sugar. A focus on low-glycemic foods that do not spike blood sugar levels is beneficial. Incorporating a balanced diet rich in fiber, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, helps in the slow release of glucose into the bloodstream, thereby maintaining steady blood sugar levels. Additionally, reducing intake of refined sugars and carbohydrates is advised.

Lifestyle Interventions

Adopting a healthy lifestyle is essential for effective blood sugar management. Regular physical activity helps increase insulin sensitivity and glucose uptake by the muscles. It is also important to maintain hydration and limit sedentary behavior by incorporating light activities throughout the day. Stress management through techniques like yoga and meditation can also play a significant role in controlling blood sugar levels.

The Impact of Berberine on Type 2 Diabetes

Berberine can play a key role in reducing sugar levels in the blood if taken regularly.

Berberine, a natural plant alkaloid, has garnered attention for its potential in managing type 2 diabetes, a prevalent chronic metabolic disorder. This section explores the multifaceted role of berberine in diabetes management, highlighting its mechanisms, clinical efficacy, and integration with lifestyle modifications.

Mechanisms of Action

Berberine’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels is primarily attributed to its glucose-dependent insulinotropic effect. This means it helps maintain blood glucose levels without significantly increasing the risk of hypoglycemia. Berberine might lower blood sugar levels, which is crucial for managing diabetes effectively. Additionally, its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties contribute to its overall health benefits, making it a comprehensive treatment option.

Clinical Studies and Results

Recent studies have demonstrated berberine’s effectiveness in improving glycemic control among individuals with type 2 diabetes. Here are some key findings:

  • Significant reduction in fasting blood sugar and postprandial blood sugar levels
  • Improvement in insulin sensitivity
  • Reduction in HbA1c levels, indicating better long-term glucose control

These results underscore berberine’s potential as a valuable addition to diabetes management strategies.

Integrating Berberine with Lifestyle Changes

Incorporating berberine into a holistic diabetes management plan involves more than just supplementation. It requires a coordinated approach that includes dietary adjustments, regular physical activity, and stress management. By integrating berberine with these lifestyle changes, individuals can enhance their overall health and better manage their diabetes.

Note: Always consult with a healthcare provider before starting any new treatment, especially when combining supplements with other medications.

Exercise as a Pillar of Diabetes Management

Types of Beneficial Physical Activities

To control sugar or diabetes, one needs to develop a healthy life style that not only involves diet but also consistent exercise. Please also review AIHCP’s Holistic Nursing Program

Exercise is crucial in managing diabetes, particularly through aerobic activities like walking, bicycling, and dancing. Strength training also plays a significant role, as it helps improve insulin sensitivity and enhances blood sugar management. Activities such as push-ups, squats, and lunges are especially beneficial.

How Exercise Affects Blood Sugar

Exercise can immediately reduce blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes by increasing insulin sensitivity and the body’s ability to use glucose as energy. It is generally recommended to exercise about 30 minutes after a meal to maintain optimal blood sugar control.

Creating a Sustainable Exercise Routine

To create a sustainable exercise routine, it is essential to monitor blood sugar levels closely, especially since physical activity can cause these levels to drop. Incorporating a variety of exercises and gradually increasing the intensity can help maintain interest and effectiveness. Breaking up long periods of inactivity, like sitting at a computer, can also aid in blood sugar control.

Dietary Strategies for Managing High Blood Sugar

Foods to Include

Incorporating a variety of nutrient-dense foods is crucial for managing high blood sugar. Focus on including high-fiber foods, such as whole grains, legumes, vegetables, and fruits, which can help regulate blood sugar levels. Additionally, foods rich in magnesium and low-glycemic index fruits are beneficial. For instance, leafy greens and nuts are excellent sources of magnesium, which aids in blood sugar control.

  • Whole grains (e.g., oats, barley)
  • Legumes (e.g., beans, lentils)
  • Low-GI fruits (e.g., berries, apples)
  • Leafy greens (e.g., spinach, kale)

Foods to Avoid

To prevent blood sugar spikes, it is essential to limit foods that are high in refined sugars and carbohydrates. Avoid sugary beverages, processed snacks, and high-GI foods that can rapidly increase blood sugar levels. Instead, opt for water and healthy snacks that contribute to overall health and help maintain stable blood sugar levels.

  • Sugary drinks (e.g., soda, fruit juices)
  • Processed foods (e.g., cookies, cakes)
  • High-GI foods (e.g., white bread, potatoes)

Balancing Macronutrients

Balancing the intake of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats is key to managing diabetes effectively. A balanced diet helps in stabilizing blood sugar levels and preventing long-term complications. Carbohydrates should be consumed in moderation and paired with proteins or healthy fats to minimize blood sugar spikes.

Balanced diet tip: Always pair carbohydrates with protein or fat to stabilize blood sugar levels.

Stress Management Techniques for Better Blood Sugar Control

Stress and higher sugar are related problems

Stress can significantly impact blood sugar levels by affecting insulin production and increasing the release of glucose from the liver. Managing stress is crucial for maintaining stable blood sugar levels and overall health in individuals with diabetes.

Effective Stress Reduction Methods

Incorporating stress reduction techniques into daily life can help manage blood sugar effectively. Practices such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, and engaging in hobbies are beneficial. Additionally, regular physical activities like yoga can also reduce stress and improve insulin sensitivity.

Case Studies on Stress Management

Several studies highlight the effectiveness of stress management in controlling blood sugar. A notable study involving nursing students showed that a combination of yoga and meditation significantly reduced stress levels and lowered blood glucose after 12 weeks.

The Role of Sleep in Blood Sugar Regulation

Sleep Patterns and Glucose Metabolism

Sleep is a critical factor in regulating glucose metabolism. Poor or limited sleep affects body chemistry, leading to increased blood sugar levels. A study highlighted that healthy volunteers who slept only four hours for three consecutive nights exhibited a significant reduction in insulin’s ability to regulate blood sugar, by approximately 23 percent.

Improving Sleep Quality

Improving sleep quality can directly benefit blood sugar control. Strategies to enhance sleep include maintaining a regular sleep schedule, creating a restful environment, and avoiding stimulants close to bedtime. These steps help in stabilizing blood sugar levels and improving overall health.

The Consequences of Sleep Deprivation

The consequences of sleep deprivation extend beyond poor blood sugar control; it is also linked with obesity, heart disease, and stroke. Ensuring adequate sleep is therefore not only vital for managing diabetes but also for overall health maintenance.

Holistic Approaches to Cardiovascular Health in Diabetics

Heart Disease and Diabetes

Heart disease remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among individuals with diabetes. A holistic approach to cardiovascular health focuses on more than just managing blood sugar; it includes lifestyle modifications, dietary adjustments, and stress management to improve overall heart health. Regular monitoring and proactive management of cardiovascular risk factors can significantly reduce the incidence of heart-related complications in diabetics.

Natural Ways to Improve Heart Health

Incorporating natural remedies and practices can play a crucial role in supporting cardiovascular health. Herbs such as garlic, turmeric, and ginger are known for their anti-inflammatory and cholesterol-lowering properties. Additionally, omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish oil and flaxseeds, are beneficial for heart health due to their ability to improve lipid profiles and reduce inflammation.

Monitoring Cardiovascular Health

Regular check-ups and cardiovascular screenings are essential for detecting potential heart issues early. Diabetics should have their blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and other cardiovascular markers routinely monitored. This proactive approach allows for timely interventions and adjustments in their holistic health plan, ensuring optimal heart health and reducing the risk of severe complications.

Understanding and Managing Inflammation in Diabetes

Causes of Inflammation in Diabetics

Inflammation is a critical factor in the progression of diabetes and its complications. Chronic inflammation can be triggered by obesity, poor diet, and sedentary lifestyle, all of which are prevalent in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Addressing these root causes through lifestyle changes is essential for managing inflammation effectively.

Natural Anti-inflammatory Strategies

Several natural strategies can help reduce inflammation in diabetic patients. These include:

  • Incorporating anti-inflammatory foods like turmeric, ginger, and omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Regular physical activity to enhance insulin sensitivity and reduce inflammatory markers.
  • Adequate hydration to help flush out toxins that may contribute to inflammation.

The Impact of Inflammation on Blood Sugar Levels

Inflammation directly affects blood sugar control by impairing insulin action and secretion. Reducing inflammation can therefore improve glycemic control, which is a key goal in diabetes management. This connection highlights the importance of a holistic approach to diabetes care that includes managing inflammation.

Improving Lipid Profiles through Holistic Methods

The Importance of Lipid Management

Managing lipid profiles is crucial for diabetic patients as it directly impacts their risk for cardiovascular diseases. Holistic methods focus on natural remedies and lifestyle changes to improve lipid balance and overall health. Incorporating plant sterols has been shown to cause a modest reduction in LDL-C and total cholesterol, which are key components of lipid management.

Natural Remedies for Lipid Balance

A variety of natural products can be utilized to manage lipid levels effectively. These include:

  • Omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil or flaxseeds
  • Niacin (Vitamin B3)
  • Soluble fiber from oats, barley, and fruits
  • Garlic and soy products

Diet and Exercise for Lipid Health

Diet and exercise remain the cornerstone of any holistic approach to health. For lipid management, a diet low in saturated fats and high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains is recommended. Regular physical activity, particularly aerobic exercises, can also significantly improve lipid profiles and enhance insulin sensitivity.

Blockquote: Emphasizing a balanced diet and consistent exercise can lead to substantial improvements in lipid profiles and overall well-being.

Enhancing Quality of Life for Diabetic Patients

Holistic Strategies for Well-being

Holistic strategies emphasize a comprehensive approach to managing diabetes, focusing on both physical and mental health. Incorporating a balanced diet, regular physical activity, and stress management techniques can significantly enhance the quality of life for diabetic patients. These methods help in maintaining stable blood sugar levels and reducing the risk of complications.

Patient Success Stories

Many patients have reported improvements in their daily lives after adopting holistic practices. Success stories often highlight increased energy levels, better control of blood sugar, and a more positive outlook on life. These narratives serve as powerful testimonials to the efficacy of holistic approaches in diabetes management.

Long-term Benefits of Holistic Care

The long-term benefits of holistic care for diabetic patients include improved overall health, reduced need for medications, and a lower risk of diabetes-related complications. Emphasizing preventive care and lifestyle modifications can lead to a sustained improvement in life quality and longevity.

Integrating Holistic Practices with Conventional Diabetes Treatment

When to Combine Treatments

Integrating holistic practices with conventional diabetes treatment should be considered when patients are not achieving their health goals through standard medical approaches alone. Holistic practices can complement medical treatments by addressing lifestyle factors and mental health, which are often overlooked in conventional care.

Safety and Efficacy

It is crucial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of combining holistic and conventional treatments. Patients should consult healthcare professionals to tailor a plan that includes both approaches, ensuring that they are compatible and beneficial.

Patient and Practitioner Perspectives

Understanding both patient and practitioner perspectives on integrating holistic practices is essential for a successful treatment plan. This collaboration fosters a more comprehensive approach to diabetes management, enhancing patient satisfaction and health outcomes.


Holistic Nurses and specialists can help one manage sugar or diabetes with a healthier life style and supplements to existing medication

In conclusion, adopting a holistic approach to managing high blood sugar and type 2 diabetes involves a comprehensive consideration of the individual’s entire well-being. This includes dietary changes, regular physical activity, stress management, and the potential integration of natural supplements like berberine. Each element plays a crucial role in optimizing blood sugar control and enhancing overall health. By addressing the interconnected factors that influence diabetes, individuals can achieve more sustainable health outcomes. It is essential, however, to consult healthcare professionals when incorporating new treatments or supplements to ensure safety and efficacy.

Please also review AIHCP’s Holistic and Integrative Health Care Specialist Certification and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  The program is online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.  Holistic Nurses are excellent guides to helping individuals manage sugar and also diabetes 1 or 2.  Through alternative herbs, diet and exercise, sugar can be lowered.  Whether trying to avoid diabetes and manage sugar, or if already afflicted with diabetes 1 or 2, holistic nurses can help guide individuals into better life choices and supplements that can make a large difference in overall health and life style.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is holistic nursing and how does it relate to diabetes management?

Holistic nursing focuses on healing the whole person by considering their physical, mental, and emotional well-being. In diabetes management, this approach involves integrating dietary, lifestyle, and possibly natural supplements like berberine to optimize blood sugar control and overall health.

Can diabetes be reversed naturally?

Type 2 diabetes can be managed effectively through dietary and lifestyle changes such as increased physical activity, fiber intake, and careful management of sugar intake. While not reversible for everyone, these changes can significantly improve blood sugar levels and reduce dependency on medications.

What herbs are known to help with diabetes?

Several herbs are known to help manage blood sugar levels, including cinnamon, fenugreek, and berberine. These herbs have been shown to have glucose-lowering properties, making them useful in a holistic approach to diabetes management.

How does exercise impact blood sugar control?

Regular physical activity helps muscles use glucose for energy and improves insulin sensitivity. This can lead to lower blood sugar levels and is a crucial component of a holistic diabetes management plan.

What are the benefits of integrating berberine in a diabetes management plan?

Berberine has been shown to improve glucose metabolism, enhance insulin sensitivity, and reduce blood sugar levels. Integrating berberine with dietary and lifestyle changes can enhance the effectiveness of diabetes management from a holistic perspective.

How important is sleep in managing diabetes?

Adequate sleep is critical for maintaining hormonal balance and glucose metabolism. Poor sleep can lead to increased insulin resistance and higher blood sugar levels, making sleep an essential component of holistic diabetes management.

A diet rich in whole foods, fiber, and healthy fats, along with reduced intake of processed foods and sugars, is recommended for managing high blood sugar. Balancing macronutrients and careful meal planning can significantly improve blood sugar control.

Can stress affect blood sugar levels?

Yes, stress can significantly impact blood sugar levels. Stress management techniques like meditation, deep breathing exercises, and engaging in hobbies can help regulate stress hormones and support overall well-being in managing diabetes.

Additional Resources

“Diabetes management: How lifestyle, daily routine affect blood sugar”. Mayo Clinic Staff.  Mayo Clinic.  Access here

“Living with Diabetes”. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC. Access here

Juanamasta, G. et, al. (2021). “Holistic Care Management of Diabetes Mellitus: An Integrative Review”. Int J Prev Med. 2021; 12: 69. National Library of Medicine.  Access here

“What To Know About Berberine: Benefits, Uses and Side Effects”. Cleveland Clinic Essentials. Cleveland Clinic.  Access here