Like for all children, a little positive re-enforcement in anything helps, even children with ADHD. Read this article to learn more how we can better shape children with ADHD with some kind words and rewards
A systematic review has concluded that non-drug interventions in schools may be effective in improving outcomes such as performance in standardized tests for children with ADHD. However, the research also found so many different types of strategies, often combined in different ways and so many different ways of measuring whether they worked, that it was that it was impossible to clearly identify what works best.
Non drug interventions for ADHD treatment in classroom settings are something some parents and teachers are considering. While there are good results, there are also many subjective aspects that make it hard for a clear cut preferred way that works best.
What is Applied Behavior Analysis and How Does it Help?
Applied Behavior Analysis refers to the process of carefully observing, teaching and modifying behavior. The technique proves successful for individuals diagnosed with autism or other developmental difficulties. By altering the immediate environment and monitoring responses, clinicians and educators hope to change behaviors or teach skills of daily living. The supervised methods are used in a controlled setting and may involve anywhere from 20 to 40 hours of instruction every week.
The ABC Basics
The first step requires analyzing three important current behavior responses.
Antecedent: The child is requested to perform a specific action.
Behavior: This involves the response to the request be it compliance, noncompliance or no response
Consequence: The term refers to the therapist’s response to the child’s action by offering positive reinforcement or firm verbal disapproval.
Task Analysis: The process entails evaluating a chore or task to determine how to break the request into steps that may be taught using chaining.
Chaining: This phase of the technique involves teaching the youngster individual steps that eventually link together to complete a specific skill.
Prompting: A clinician, therapist or parent assists the child encouragingly in order to obtain the desired response. Prompting might include verbal or visual cues, physical guidance or an actual demonstration.
Fading: This phase involves a gradual decline in prompting, as the child demonstrates the desired behavior. This may be accomplished with fewer prompts or by graduating from demonstration and guidance to simple verbal cues.
Shaping: The action might also be considered molding, as the child’s behavior is gradually altered to achieve a specific effect. The behavior of a youngster who bites might gradually change into blowing kisses using repeated interventions and positive reinforcement when the child succeeds.
Differential reinforcement: The method involves offering positive or negative reinforcement appropriate to the act. Depending on the difficulty of the chore or behavior required, a therapist with an online certification in applied behavior analysis says this reinforcement can range from an encouraging word to an enthusiastic celebration of the child’s accomplishment.
Generalization: Once a child successfully completes a chore, skill or task within a certain time and in a structured environment, attempts are made to encourage the student to perform the action in other locations. For example, after learning basic reading skills in a classroom might transfer to reading at home or outdoors.
Video modeling: Videotaping serves as a learning technique while going through the chaining process. Each step of a task might be taped, linked together and presented to a student as a form of demonstrating an entire skill.
Applications for the Treatment of ADHD
When using applied behavior analysis to treat a child with ADHD, it is important to understand the motivation behind the behaviors which require correction. These behaviors, as exhibited in children with ADHD, are off-task and distracting, and typically originate from a desire to avoid undesirable activities (chores, work, etc.) or to get attention (from parents, peers, teachers, etc.). Before beginning an applied behavior treatment, be sure to conduct an assessment of the child’s behavior and possible reasons for it.
Applied behavior analysis remains the most common and effective method of helping children or adults having learning difficulties. The methods are often used to instill acceptable motor, cognitive, social or verbal skills. These can help an autistic child or a child with ADHD understand what proper social behavior and responses are—an extremely valuable skill for any child to have. The technique is also beneficial for altering inappropriate behaviors in children of all cognitive capabilities, including those with ADHD and learning disorders.
About the Author: Marlena Stoddard is a freelance writer who received her BA from the University of Georgia.
If you would like to learn more about ADHD Consulting Training then please review our program at AIHCP and see if it matches your academic and professional needs
Helping train the brain to be more attentive seems like a good way to help people with ADHD. This article looks at how it works and how one can utilize this to help themselves or someone they know and love
If you would like to learn more about ADHD Consulting, then please review our program
Children do not just have ADHD, but so do adults. Adult ADHD can be a horrid cross for any individual and can play havoc on one’s relationships. This article looks at eight tips on how adults can better manage their ADHD
Is the Rise in ADHD Drugs a Pharmaceutical Campaign?
Could the increase in doctor prescribed ADHD drugs be because of pharmaceutical companies trying to cash in our the mental health of our children? It sounds like the plot of a Hollywood thriller, however in this ending our child’s health is at stake.
By Alan Schwarz
From New York Times
“The rise of A.D.H.D. diagnoses and prescriptions for stimulants over the years coincided with a remarkably successful two-decade campaign by pharmaceutical companies to publicize the syndrome and promote the pills to doctors, educators and parents. With the children’s market booming, the industry is now employing similar marketing techniques as it focuses on adult A.D.H.D., which could become even more profitable.”
Learning about ADHD counseling and alternative treatments to ADHD is the best way to keep your child off ADHD drugs. We owe it to our children to give them the best treatments possible. In today’s society it is fun to pretend a magic pill can solve all of our problems but often it is not. The mental health of our children are at stake. They deserve better.
Some alternative treatments for Childhood ADHD are; low processed and sugary food diet, plenty of exercise, keeping options for the child simple (for example only limit selections of dinner to 2 choices instead of a whole menu.), etc. These are simple strategies to control your child’s ADHD without the use of potentially addictive and mind altering ADHD drugs.
If you are interested and want to learn more ADHD treatment strategies or would like to earn a certificate in ADHD Counseling please feel free to check out our webpage.
People have been caught red handed faking ADHD so they can get prescriptions for ADHD drugs. Students are abusing these drugs for the high they cause and some of them are using to increase their concentration before exams. If used as a study aid or not this is a big concern. ADHD drug abusers is a big issue!
“College students faking symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder to get hold of pills may have met their match in an ADHD lie detector device.
People are acting fidgety and inattentive to try to dupe doctors into writing prescriptions for ADHD drugs, which can be used to get high, stay awake or concentrate while studying. The growing illicit use of the drugs on college campuses and a tripling in emergency-room visits linked to the pills have helped spur efforts to improve diagnosis.”
Students use drugs like Adderall XR and Ritalin to help them focus before exams and work harder without distractions on pages and assignments. The ends however do not justify the means. It is still drug abuse.
Doctors are fighting back! They have a tool called “Quotient” Quotient is a computer equipped with infrared motion tracking equipment designed to record movements and responses. It is programmed with data from actual ADHD patients. These movements are hard to fake and can accurately tell whether someone is putting on a show for the doctors by 92%.
Doctors are also stating that Quotient can also be used to help parents find out if their child has ADHD and if ADHD prescription drugs could help them out. A lot of doctors are turning to this computer to help them accurately diagnose ADHD and not just try to detect fakers.
If you are interested in learning more about ADHD or earning a certification in ADHD counseling then please feel free to check out www.AIHCP.org.