The Best Offense is a Good Defense: Easy Steps You Can Take to Guard Against Medical Malpractice Claims

Law concept - Open law book with a wooden judges gavel on table in a courtroom or law enforcement office on blue background. Written by Jim Ragain

Sooner or later, chances are that you will have to face a malpractice claim at some point. While many of these claims may be without merit or settled quickly for a nominal sum, the reality is that these claims can be time-consuming and emotionally draining. In short, even if you win, it can feel like you lost. Fortunately, there are some relatively simple steps that you can take that will reduce the likelihood of facing a malpractice claim.

Informed Consent

Medical professionals understand the importance of informed consent – in many ways, it is the first line of defense against malpractice claims. Obtaining the patient’s informed consent involves explaining the nature of the treatment, whether there are any alternatives available, and the potential risks and side effects that are associated with the procedure. The goal is to provide sufficient information to ensure that the patient can make an informed decision about their medical care.

While informed consent is not an ironclad defense against any malpractice claim, failure to obtain the patient’s informed consent needlessly exposes you to liability. For example, you may face a malpractice claim involving a common side effect that would have been easily disposed of had you obtained the patient’s informed consent.

As a result, many medical providers have systems in place to ensure that informed consent is obtained with every treatment. While this is a good start, problems arise when the process becomes overly formulaic and routine. Obtaining the patient’s informed consent becomes overly focused on getting the patient to sign an informed consent form.

Doctors and other medical professionals need to remember that the information must be provided to patients in a meaningful way. Reading a script may cover the bases, but it’s easy for patients to later claim they didn’t understand the information they were provided and felt pressure to just sign the form. Here are some things you can do to guard against this:

  • Encourage patients to bring a family member or other caregiver with them who can help them understand the information being provided. This is particularly helpful for elderly patients, patients with cognitive disabilities, or patients for whom English is a second language.
  • Allow for enough time to provide the necessary information so that the patient doesn’t feel rushed. Allow plenty of time for questions.
  • Ensure that medical staff are properly trained in how to provide this information in a meaningful way. Periodically take steps to ensure that procedures are being followed correctly.
  • As much as possible, avoid technical language – provide the information in layperson’s terms.

Lastly, we recommend that you document your policy and the emphasis on providing meaningful information in as much detail as possible.

Consider Your Bedside Manner

Many patients are seeking treatment at a difficult time in their lives. They are stressed, anxious, and possibly even angry. On top of that, many of them feel isolated and alone. As a result, they tend to behave irrationally or lash out at the people who are trying to help them. Without a doubt, this can test the patience of even the most experienced provider.

That said, many malpractice claims are brought out of a sense of retaliation when patients feel that their provider was dismissive, condescending, or didn’t listen. Patients are far more likely to engage a lawyer when they feel like they have been mistreated by their provider. While a patient’s likes or dislikes are largely a matter of perception, it is a reality for them that sparks their decision to pursue a medical malpractice claim.

Providers should of course strive to be friendly and welcoming, but the most important thing is to make it clear that you are listening to the patient, trying to understand their issues and concerns, and responding to their needs. Consider holding periodic training sessions for all patient-facing providers to go over things like active listening skills and how to put difficult patients at ease. Investing in these “soft skills” may help prevent a malpractice claim down the line.

Get Your Documentation Nailed Down

Documentation errors are one of the most common sources of medical malpractice. Failing to note vitals, symptoms, and other medical data can quickly lead to serious errors that can result in stress for the patient if not physical harm. Patient records should always be accurate and up to date.

At the same time, providers should be careful that patient records do not contain extraneous, unnecessary details that could be potentially damaging. For example, a nurse’s comments on a patient’s chart that suggest that they are being a hypochondriac could be especially damaging later on.

This is another area where providers would do well to invest in continued training and supervision. Making sure that medical staff are keeping on top of their documentation and including the right information could save you a lot of time and anguish later on.

Don’t Let Quantity Jeopardize Quality

Medical professionals are under intense pressure to deliver the highest quality patient care while being economically viable. Doctors are experiencing record levels of burnout, depression, and anxiety as they struggle with balancing their economic realities with their professional obligations. Obviously, deteriorating mental health leads to mistakes that can result in medical malpractice. However, doctors who aren’t experiencing depression or other mental health challenges should be mindful of the fact that a higher volume of patients means a higher likelihood of malpractice claims. Growth is a good thing, but providers should only grow when they have the personnel and resources in place to handle that growth.

Small, Consistent Efforts Can Pay Dividends Over Time

As medical malpractice attorneys, we see malpractice claims from start to finish. The initial intake is especially informative as we get to hear the client’s story from their perspective. Patients come to us because they feel confused and alone and are acting based on an emotional response to a difficult situation. Many malpractice claims could be avoided with some additional, continued attention focused on ensuring the patient understands the procedure, listening to their concerns, and responding to their needs. Committing to practicing good patient care can go a long way toward preventing medical malpractice claims.


With over four decades of dispute resolution and litigation experience, Attorney Jim Ragain represents businesses and individuals in various types of personal injury cases including medical malpractice. He is admitted to practice in Nebraska, Montana, and the US Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit and some of his accolades include: Top 100 Trial Lawyers in Montana, Best Lawyers in America for Personal Injury, and Mountain States Super Lawyers for Products Liability.



Please also review AIHCP’s Health Care Legal & Malpractice Consulting Certification program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  These programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.

How to Use Employee Awards to Keep Healthcare Staff Motivated and Engaged at Work

Group of happy business people discussing and working together during a meeting in office. Finance architect designer work conceptWritten by Veronica Turner

In the dynamic realm of healthcare, where staff face intense pressures and challenges every single day, finding effective ways to maintain motivation and engagement is key.

A well-thought-out employee awards program can be a shining beacon of appreciation, illuminating the efforts of those who dedicate themselves to caring for others. These awards recognize stellar performance and fortify the spirit of teamwork and continuous dedication.

Throughout this guide, we’ll dive into various strategies for leveraging employee awards to foster the kind of work environment that cultivates both individual growth and collective success.


10 Ways to Use Awards to Keep Healthcare Staff Motivated

Engaging and retaining healthcare staff requires thoughtful recognition. Discover 10 ways to use awards that will keep your team motivated, appreciated, and deeply connected to your mission.

  1. Recognize Individual Achievements Publicly

Acknowledging your healthcare staff’s achievements in public settings can significantly boost morale. A public commendation, like naming someone “Nurse of the Year” during a staff meeting, makes the recipient feel valued and noticed by their fellow peers and managers.

It also sets a precedent for excellence within the team, encouraging others to follow in their footsteps. This type of recognition becomes a powerful motivational tool that promotes a culture of acknowledgment and striving for high-quality care among all staff members.


  1. Celebrate Team Successes with Group Awards

When a group within your healthcare facility excels, it’s vital to celebrate their success collectively. By presenting group awards, you underline the importance of teamwork in providing outstanding patient care. This is essential, as your business couldn’t survive without teamwork.

Whether it’s finishing a major project ahead of schedule or achieving high patient satisfaction scores, acknowledging the collective effort builds unity and enhances collaboration. This recognition can take many forms, but all of them should demonstrate appreciation for the team.


  1. Create Custom Award Plaques for Your Team

Crafting custom award plaques and trophies shows your team that you recognize their unique contributions and value their dedication. These personalized and classic tokens of appreciation capture the essence of what makes each role within your healthcare staff special.

By incorporating symbols or phrases that reflect their hard work and commitment, you create a tangible representation of their achievements. Whether displayed on their desk or at home, these plaques become enduring reminders of the meaningful impact they have on patients.


  1. Provide Continuing Education Opportunities as Rewards

Using continuing education as a reward not only recognizes your healthcare staff’s hard work but also fosters their professional growth. When you offer courses or training sessions as incentives, it demonstrates your commitment to their career and personal development.

This approach transforms an award from a mere token of appreciation into an investment in their future and the future of patient care. It’s a win-win scenario: staff members expand their expertise while the practice benefits from updated knowledge and skills.


  1. Integrate Reward Programs with Career Advancement Paths

Linking your reward programs directly to career advancement opportunities can greatly motivate your healthcare staff. By doing this, you’re not just acknowledging their present accomplishments, but you’re also investing in their professional futures.

For example, a series of awards leading to a higher position or specialized training incentivizes consistent performance and loyalty. This strategic approach shows employees that their hard work and dedication can lead to tangible progression within the organization.


  1. Make Use of Peer-to-Peer Recognition Programs

Implementing peer-to-peer recognition programs can be an extremely effective way to boost morale and strengthen team bonds. In the high-pressure environment of healthcare, it’s the colleagues working side by side who best understand the challenges each of them faces.

Encouraging staff to nominate and celebrate their peers for exceptional work gives them a sense of ownership over the recognition process. This type of program promotes a supportive work culture where everyone’s contributions are valued by those they work with most closely.


  1. Offer Practical Gifts That Suit Each Individual

Understanding the individual needs of your healthcare staff and offering practical gifts as rewards show thoughtfulness and consideration. Instead of one-size-fits-all items, tailor your gifts to suit each recipient. If you’re not sure what to give your staff, simply ask them.

Personalized, practical gifts will not only be genuinely appreciated but will also enhance their day-to-day work life. Such gestures make it clear that you recognize and care about their personal contributions to the workplace, reinforcing their value to the team.


  1. Honor Years of Service with Special Celebrations

Celebrating the dedication and longevity of your staff with special recognition for years of service is a heartfelt way to express gratitude. These milestones are significant. They showcase an individual’s commitment not only to the healthcare field but also to your organization.

Whether it’s a personalized gift, an elegant dinner, or a tribute during a team gathering, these celebrations are memorable moments that affirm the value of loyalty and experience. Honoring these anniversaries inspires others to build their careers within your supportive environment.


  1. Incorporate Unexpected Surprises Throughout the Year

Sprinkling unexpected tokens of appreciation throughout the year can keep your healthcare staff engaged and feeling valued. It’s these unforeseen gestures, like surprising your team with a catered lunch after a hard week, that often make the most impact on your staff members.

Such surprises break up the routine and serve as delightful morale boosters, reminding employees that their hard work does not go unnoticed. This can also prove to your healthcare workers that there’s always something positive potentially around the corner waiting for them.


  1. Tie Recognition to Patient Feedback

Connecting employee recognition to positive patient feedback is a powerful way to affirm the impact of your staff’s work. When a patient goes out of their way to talk about the care they’ve received, acknowledging this praise reinforces the importance of patient-centered service.

It also provides a personal sense of accomplishment for the recognized healthcare worker, knowing that their efforts have made a significant difference in someone’s life. Rewarding this feedback with certificates or personalized gifts further highlights your appreciation.


In Conclusion…

Now that you’re equipped with a plethora of strategies to supercharge your healthcare team through thoughtful recognition, it’s time to put these ideas into action. Remember, the most vibrant workplaces are those where appreciation is a core part of the culture.

Start today—identify someone for public praise, design a custom award, or simply celebrate a team’s success. Every gesture counts. Embrace the power of personalized recognition and watch as motivation soars and engagement deepens within your healthcare staff.

Author Bio: Veronica Turner is a health and lifestyle writer with over 10 years of experience. She creates compelling content on nutrition, fitness, mental health, and overall wellness.


Please also review AIHCP’s Health Care Manager Certification program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  These programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.

What is grief?

woman crying on a friend's shoulderWritten by Paul J. Moon, Ph.D, M.ED, BA, GC-C, FAAGC,

Grief is a human response to loss. When we sense loss, we can grieve.

Human grief has been referred to as the quintessential mind-body problem (see Genevro et al., 2004 for more), suggesting a holistic impact. As such, when we grieve, various emotions can well up and also fluctuate in us, sometimes drastically, unpredictably, surprisingly so. When we grieve our sleep cycle can be disturbed: some mourners sleep more than usual while others struggle to rest. We might find ourselves becoming easily (and uncharacteristically) irritated, confused, or forgetful. When we grieve we may even get tired of being around people (or certain people) at times. In grief, we can crave solitude and find some solace in being alone, being quiet. On the other hand, some of us in grief may prefer to have company more often than less.

Of course, there is sorrow and sadness that accompany grief. Sadness may involve tearfulness, but not always. We may also have our appetite to teeter: some of us may tend to overeat when in grief distress, while others of us go on a ‘hunger strike’, as it were. Moreover, our immune system can be weakened for a span of time, making us feel sapped of energy and vulnerable to illnesses. All these can be a part of grief.

Strangely enough, for some mourners, there can also be a sense of relief in the midst of sorrow. This can be a bit unsettling as it doesn’t feel like it fits with what grief ‘ought’ to be like. But sensing relief amid the pain of loss can be a part of grief. Human grief is rather complex.

Now, there’s a particularly important point to consider, and that is regarding individual differences. This means that not all human beings share identical grief responses. This makes sense as it is the individual who grieves: grieving is never separate from the individual-person who is enduring loss. As no two persons are precisely alike, grief, too, will be experienced differently to varying degrees from person to person.

So why is the point of personal differences so important to keep in mind? It is because we must take care to not judge another person’s grief experience. Pain (whether physical, psychological, or spiritual in nature) is a terribly personal – subjective – matter. There is no way I can truly know another person’s grief pain, just as there is no way for me to expect another person to truly know the grief pain that rages inside of me. It’s hard enough to really know one’s own grief, let alone know someone else’s. So being patient with other grievers is a virtue. It is a virtue we can only hope others would exercise towards us when we are grieving.


Author Biography:

Dr. Paul Moon is an instructor with AIHCP and you can review all of his credentials at the following link: Access here.



Genevro, J. L., Marshall, T., Miller, T., & Center for the Advancement of Health. (2004). Report on bereavement and grief research. Death Studies, 28(6), 491–491.



Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling Certification program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  These programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.

Memory-Making Magic: Ideas for Building Lasting Bonds with Senior Loved Ones

Nice teen girl with her old grandmother.

Written by Ron from VEED,

Creating lasting bonds with our senior loved ones is a precious gift that can bring joy, comfort, and a sense of connection. As our loved ones grow older, their memories become powerful vessels of their identity and life experiences. Building meaningful memories with them not only enriches our own lives but also preserves their legacy for future generations.

In this article, we will explore the magic of memory-making and provide a range of ideas to help you create lasting bonds with your senior loved ones. From exploring family history to embracing shared hobbies, and even leveraging technology to connect across distances, these activities will nurture and strengthen the relationships you have with your senior loved ones, ensuring that their stories and presence continue to shape your lives. Join us on this journey of cultivating memory-making magic and building cherished moments that will be treasured for years to come.


Create a family tree

Many seniors love to talk about their heritage and remember family members and stories from their past. Collecting old family photos and documents and putting them together into a family tree or album is a great way to help them maintain a visual record of their family history. Not only is this a way to preserve memories, but it also creates an opportunity for seniors to share stories about their family members and provide a sense of connection to their past.


Go down memory lane with music

Our memories are often tied to sounds and music. Seniors have been exposed to different music styles throughout their lifetime, and revisiting songs from their youth or favorite era can help them recall and relive past experiences. Compile a playlist of their favorite tunes and listen together or attend concerts or local music events that feature their preferred genre. Not only is this a fun activity, but it is also great for sparking conversation and reminiscing about old memories.


Document their life story

Recording a senior loved one’s life story allows you to honor their legacy and commemorate their achievements. It also allows them to reflect on their past, share their experiences, and impart any wisdom they have gained through their life journey. You can create a written or audio biography or even a video of your loved one’s life story to share with future generations and keep as a cherished family keepsake.


Take a trip down memory lane

Taking a walk or driving around your loved one’s old neighborhood or town can help them remember and share stories about their past. Visiting landmarks or restaurants from their youth can trigger memories and bring back old feelings of nostalgia. This can also be a great way to discover new and interesting details about their past that might not have previously been shared.


Cook and share family recipes

Food has a way of bringing people together and eliciting fond memories. Cooking traditional family recipes with senior loved ones or passing down their favorite recipes to younger generations is a great way to create generational ties and share stories about family traditions. It is also an opportunity for seniors to impart their culinary expertise and pass along their tips and techniques to future generations.


Share a hobby

Engaging in activities together can help build stronger bonds between family members. Sharing a hobby or activity that your senior loved one enjoys can also provide an opportunity for them to teach you something new, allowing you to learn from their expertise and experience. Whether it’s gardening, crafting, origami, or playing a game of cards, taking the time to participate in the things they love can help create lasting memories.


Explore new interests

It’s never too late to try something new. Discovering new activities and interests together can be a fun and rewarding experience for seniors and their loved ones. It can be a dance class, learning a new language, or taking up painting. The key is to find things that are interesting and accessible to seniors that can also encourage physical exercise, social interaction, and mental stimulation.


Volunteer together

Volunteering together is an excellent way to give back to the community while also spending quality time with your senior loved ones. You might volunteer at a local food bank, hospital, or animal shelter, or sign up for a community event or charity walk. This type of shared activity can be fulfilling and can provide many opportunities to connect with seniors and create lasting memories.


Attend cultural events

Attending cultural events with senior loved ones can be a great way to connect with different traditions and learn more about their heritage. This includes playing traditional music, attending community events, visiting museums, or even attending religious celebrations. It is also an opportunity for seniors to share their cultural traditions and help younger generations appreciate different ways of life.


Celebrate birthdays and milestones

Celebrating birthdays and other milestones is an essential way to create lifelong memories with seniors. You can organize a special party, bake a cake, or even make a scrapbook to commemorate important milestones. It is always a good idea to let seniors know how much they are valued and appreciated.


Preserve Memories

Technology can also play a crucial role in connecting with senior loved ones who live overseas or far away. Using screen recording software can be a practical way to preserve conversations and interactions with them. By recording video calls or screen-sharing sessions, you can capture precious moments and ensure that none of the memories shared are lost. To preserve these videos without occupying excessive storage space, consider using a video compressor, which can reduce file sizes without compromising the quality of the content. MP4 compressors can easily help you store and share these videos with other family members, ensuring that the memories made with overseas grandparents are cherished and accessible for years to come.



Building lasting bonds with senior loved ones requires time, effort, and a willingness to listen, learn, and share. Though communication can be challenging, taking the time to understand their life experiences and perspectives can help create meaningful memories and lasting connections. By using these ideas as a starting point, you can create memory-making magic that will ensure your senior loved ones’ legacies are cherished for generations to come.



Ron is from VEED. He is a passionate content marketer with a wealth of knowledge in the online space. His curiosity and enthusiasm led to the development of a constantly expanding portfolio that includes anything from video editing services to publishing his original creations on top-notch websites.



Please also review AIHCP’s Pastoral Thanatology Certification program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  These programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.

10 Different Career Paths for Medical Professionals Who Want to Help Couples Experiencing Fertility Issues

Sonographer doing ultrasound scanning procedure for young woman. Female patient in medical face mask lying on daybed during ultrasonography. Concept of healthcare, medical examination and sonography.Written by Veronica Turner

Approximately 17.5% of adults, or 1 in 6, experience infertility. Giving people access to affordable fertility treatment can improve many people’s ability to start a family.

But even with this access, we still need incredible medical professionals who have the training to educate couples and treat infertility issues at their source. If you choose one of the career paths in this article, you could be one of those professionals who help others with infertility.


10 Different Careers in Fertility Medicine

Going into medicine is a noble pursuit, and if you want to focus on fertility medicine, you have plenty of options. Here are 10 different careers in fertility medicine you should explore.



A sonographer is a medical professional who uses ultrasonic imaging equipment to diagnose various ailments. Getting an ultrasound during pregnancy is common, as it helps parents determine the age and health of the fetus. Ultrasounds can also be used for fertility issues.

After explaining the process to the patient, sonographers will capture clear ultrasounds of a patient’s uterus, ovaries, and endometrial lining to help physicians diagnose potential problems.


Lab Technician

A lab technician is responsible for performing technical, mechanical, and diagnostic tests in a laboratory. A lab technician who works for a fertility clinic or is trained to address fertility issues will use their knowledge to run the lab tests needed for a couple or an individual who is experiencing infertility.

Lab technicians may test samples for the presence or absence of hormones that help with family planning. They’ll also help with ordering supplies and managing equipment.


Medical Assistant

A medical assistant does a wide range of tasks, including showing patients to exam rooms, checking their height and weight, and taking them to the exam room. They would do the exact same thing in a fertility clinic, including sterilizing equipment with an autoclave.

A very experienced medical assistant will assist with on-site lab work (but is unlikely to take blood) and explain various fertility treatments or solutions to couples and individuals. They may administer the medications or explain the proper way to take them.


Patient Coordinator

A patient coordinator manages administrative tasks to ensure their patients receive comprehensive care. They’re often responsible for educating patients on registration, finances, and insurance companies. Some coordinators may speak to families about their fertility.

For example, they may suggest that patients work with a fertility app like Flo to track their menstrual and ovulation cycle.


Registered Nurse

A registered nurse (RN) is a medical professional who provides hands-on care in different medical and community settings. An RN in a fertility clinic could be responsible for administering in-vitro fertilization treatment and teaching patients how to self-administer treatment.

A fertility clinic RN will educate patients about their options before they make a decision. Nurses with a research focus or background, can help researchers come up with new reproductive technologies. A nurse can also pursue various certifications to expand their knowledge.



An embryologist works with patients, often indirectly, with fertility. They do this by helping with the different stages of IVF, from retrieval to the egg development and womb transfer. While they aren’t a doctor, their skills allow them to work with delicate cells like sperm cells and eggs.

Embryologists are also responsible for storing these cells for later use and relaying available treatment options to a patient’s doctor if they aren’t able to do this task themselves.



A midwife can offer prenatal support to expectant patients. Some midwives are able to provide routine reproductive care, like Pap tests, but they often have to work alongside obstetricians and gynecologists. Many mothers choose a midwife to have a non-medicated/natural birth.

In regards to fertility specifically, midwives will provide psychological support and order medical tests to help parents through family planning. They may create comprehensive fertility plans.



A gynecologist is a medical doctor who specializes in treating conditions of the female reproductive system. They administer multiple services and tests, including pelvic exams and pap tests. They’ll also consult patients on menstruation issues, diagnose reproductive diseases, and help with family planning.

If a patient sees a gynecologist for fertility issues, they will conduct fertility monitoring. They’ll also consider how other health problems may impact fertility and create treatment plans.


Fertility Specialist

Fertility specialists are trained medical doctors who specialize in infertility-related conditions for both men and women. They’ll educate patients on fertility preservation, infertility treatments, and genetic diseases. Some further specialize in conditions like polycystic ovarian syndrome (POS).

A fertility specialist can administer a wide variety of treatments, including ovulation induction therapy, intrauterine insemination, in-vitro fertilization, and testicular sperm extraction (TESE).



A urologist specializes in treating diseases of the urinary system for both men and women. Since the reproductive systems of males and females are closely linked to the urinary system, a urologist may be needed to diagnose and treat various fertility and reproductive issues.

In some cases, a urologist will conduct analysis on reproductive cells, perform imaging tests, or recommend genetic testing. They often work closely with other reproductive specialists.

In Conclusion…

Fertility issues are difficult to work through on your own. If you pursue one of the career paths listed in this article, you could do a lot to help those experiencing infertility. Many of these careers don’t even require medical school, so you can more easily switch to these roles quickly.



Author Bio: Veronica Turner is a health and lifestyle writer with over 10 years of experience. She creates compelling content on nutrition, fitness, mental health, and overall wellness.



Please also review AIHCP’s Case Management Certificate program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  These programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.

How Can Abuse and Trauma Affect The Health of a Young Person?

Women with purple ribbon symbols of stopping abuseWritten by Gemma Taylor

Society has undoubtedly made positive strides in breaking the taboo of talking about mental health and trauma. But it’s important to make these conversations a continual process, to ensure victims of abuse receive the support they need throughout their lives.

The American Psychological Association defines trauma as: “An emotional response to a terrible event”. While there are several natural responses to a traumatic event, including shock and denial, everyone is likely to deal with the situation differently. So while it is possible to get a better general understanding around common health implications caused by trauma, it’s important to treat every case individually, rather than taking a blanket approach to care.

Being subjected to abuse in the early stages of a young person’s life can have devastating consequences throughout their childhood and as they grow up. Sadly, while physical scars may recover, abuse can have irreparable impacts on a person’s psyche, altering their entire personality and cognitive functions.

Abuse and trauma are intrinsically linked, since the latter is often a result of harmful experiences. In this post, we’ll take a closer look at the different ways in which past abuse can impact the health of a young person emotionally, physically and mentally.


The prevalence of childhood abuse

Abuse can be physical, sexual or emotional. While it’s a hard topic to discuss, it shouldn’t be shied away from; especially as it remains a prominent issue in society today. In fact, around 600,000 children across the U.S. are abused each year. More than a quarter (28%) of abuse victims are no older than two. Neglect is the most common form of abuse, accounting for 76% of cases, and tragically, 2021 statistics show that 1,820 children died in a single year due to abuse. In the vast majority of cases, it is the parents that victimize their children.


Physical health

The connection between abuse, trauma and physical health is deeply rooted. Depending on the nature of the abuse, a child could suffer a range of physical injuries and even suffer from chronic pain. This can disrupt different aspects of their life, which have the potential to cause further health concerns, such as difficulty sleeping, a loss of appetite and fatigue, on top of their primary injuries.

What’s more, studies have shown that people who have experienced trauma may have an increased risk of developing chronic illnesses like heart disease, diabetes, or obesity. This link is not something that can be ignored, and those who have experienced abuse should seek support in both healing from trauma and addressing any physical health issues related to it.


How to mitigate the physical impacts of trauma and abuse

To cope with the psychological and emotional scars of negative past experiences, lots of victims seek support from therapists and counselors who will be able to provide practical advice for managing any triggers and scars. When it comes to managing the physical impacts, there are lots of other things people can do.

Perhaps the most important aspect is for victims to consider their lifestyle. Unhealthy lifestyle choices, which can often be used as coping mechanisms, will exacerbate the impacts in the long-term. Of course, making positive changes to a daily routine is easier said than done. However, by recommending they make small changes at a time, victims can gradually work towards implementing more healthy daily habits that can ultimately improve their physical wellbeing. This primarily pertains to nutritional choices, exercise regimes and sleep patterns.


Psychological and emotional health

Perhaps something less quantifiable than physical harm is the damage abuse can do to someone’s psychological and emotional health. For survivors, the impact can be devastating, leading to anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These individuals may struggle with feelings of guilt, shame, and worthlessness, and may find it difficult to trust others or form healthy relationships.

Additionally, abuse and trauma can affect a person’s ability to regulate their emotions, leading to intense mood swings and difficulty managing stress. This challenge is one of the most prevalent causes of self-harm in young people, often acting as a way for them to express their suffering. Despite the immense challenges that survivors face, with access to the right support – primarily from healthcare professionals – it is possible to heal and move forward from the trauma.


Cognitive and developmental implications

It’s clear that abuse and trauma can have a profound impact on one’s mental and physical wellbeing, but it can also be heavily detrimental to their cognitive development and learning abilities. In fact, research has shown that experiencing repeated trauma can actually alter the structure and function of the brain, particularly in areas responsible for memory, attention, and emotional regulation. Children who have suffered abuse or trauma may struggle with language development, memory consolidation, and attentional processing, which can ultimately impact their academic performance as they progress through school.

In addition, the emotional toll that can affect their mental health can further hinder a child’s ability to learn and participate in classroom activities. This underscores the importance of creating safe, supportive environments in and out of school where children can heal, grow, and thrive.


What can be done?

As medical professionals, it’s crucial to be able to identify and provide support for children who are victims of abuse. One way to show support is to create a safe and welcoming environment where children feel comfortable sharing their experiences. It’s important to communicate with the child in a manner that is age-appropriate and to listen to their concerns without judgment. Medical professionals can offer resources such as counseling and therapy, and work with social workers and law enforcement when necessary. Ultimately, providing a sense of care and trust can make all the difference in helping a child heal and move forward from their trauma.


Bio: Gemma Taylor

With over 10 years’ experience in the healthcare industry, Gemma now works in the youth sector, helping young people take back control and process traumatic incidents in their lives. She is passionate about adolescent care and aims to educate and share ideas with other professionals through her writing.



American Psychological Association – Trauma

National Children’s Alliance – National statistics on child abuse

Khiron Clinics – Trauma and chronic illness

Zocdoc – Preventing self-harm in teens

NHS Wales – Trauma and the brain

Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling Certification program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  These programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.

What to Know When Becoming a Nurse Practitioner

Friendly and attractive of a woman practitioner standing in a glass hall office of the clinic and examining documentsWritten by Victoria Maxwell

Becoming a nurse practitioner (NP) is a rewarding and challenging journey. NPs are advanced practice nurses who provide a wide range of healthcare services, including diagnosing and treating medical conditions. If you’re considering a career as a nurse practitioner, it’s essential to be well-informed about the path you’ll need to follow. This guide will provide valuable insights and information on what to know when becoming a nurse practitioner.

1. Educational Requirements

Becoming a nurse practitioner requires extensive and challenging schooling. It usually begins with a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) or comparable degree, which teaches nursing fundamentals. After getting an RN license, you can pursue higher study, such as an MSN or DNP. Aspiring nurse practitioners get specific clinical training from these postgraduate degrees. The program emphasizes advanced clinical practice, specialization, and preparing students for larger patient care and healthcare leadership positions. Becoming a nurse practitioner requires effort, knowledge, and a desire to improve patient care.

2. Specialization and Certification

Nurse practitioners often specialize in family practice, pediatrics, adult gerontology, women’s health, and more. After completing their school, they must get specialist certification. Reputable organizations like the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) and the American Nurses Credentialing Center provide certification. These organizations set and enforce nurse practitioner standards, ensuring they have the skills and knowledge to succeed in their industry. Specialization certification boosts a nurse practitioner’s reputation and validates their expertise in their field. It also shows their dedication to providing high-quality care to patients.

3. Licensing and State Regulations

Nurse practitioner licensing standards vary by state or nation. Understanding local legislation and licensing requirements is crucial. Some states allow nurse practitioners to work independently and offer patient care. Other states require nurse practitioners to collaborate with doctors under collaborative practice agreements. Understanding and meeting license requirements is crucial for legal compliance, practice scope, independence, and patient care as a nurse practitioner.

4. Clinical Training and Residency

Clinical training gives nurse practitioners excellent hands-on experience to develop their specialization-specific abilities. Nurse practitioners gain practical knowledge and skills throughout their studies to succeed in their careers. Some nurse practitioners choose postgraduate residencies or fellowships to improve their clinical skills. These extra training possibilities help nurse practitioners flourish in their healthcare professions by deepening their knowledge and skills in their field. They can become leaders and specialists in their disciplines by improving their clinical abilities via postgraduate residencies and fellowships.

5. Prescriptive Authority

Nurse practitioners can prescribe drugs in most states, although their authority varies. Nurse practitioners must comprehend the laws and regulations that allow them to prescribe pharmaceuticals, including prohibited substances, in their practice region. It is important to know your state’s prescriptive authority legislation since it determines its reach. Nurse practitioners can offer patients the right drugs and restricted substances within their licensure and meet the highest standards of patient care and safety by being aware of these legal limits.

6. Continuing Education and Recertification

Lifelong learning is essential for nurse practitioners. Healthcare is always changing. Therefore, continual education and recertification are essential. Nurse practitioners must commit to continued professional development to stay current on healthcare trends and best practices, according to most certification organizations. Learning is a professional commitment and a way to provide high-quality patient care. Nurse practitioners can maintain their accreditation and function as critical healthcare professionals in the changing healthcare environment by maintaining their education and recertification.

7. Collaborative Practice or Independent Practice

One significant decision to make when considering a career as a Nurse Practitioner is whether to pursue a collaborative practice or an independent practice. This choice can impact the nature of your role and the type of healthcare facility where you’ll work. Nurse practitioners often have a range of opportunities, with nurse practitioner jobs available in collaborative settings within hospitals, clinics, and medical practices, as well as the option to operate independently in certain states. Each path has its advantages, and the decision should align with your career goals and the level of autonomy you desire. Whether you opt for a collaborative practice or an independent one, the demand for nurse practitioners is on the rise, offering a promising and rewarding career in the healthcare field.


Becoming a nurse practitioner is a significant commitment involving education, specialization, certification, licensing, and ongoing professional development. As advanced practice nurses, NPs play a crucial role in healthcare delivery, providing primary and specialized care to diverse patient populations. Understanding the educational, regulatory, and professional aspects of the nurse practitioner role is essential for a successful and fulfilling career in healthcare.


Author Bio:

Victoria Maxwell is an aspiring author residing in New Hampshire. When not writing, she loves hiking in the White Mountains and learning about all things backpacking.



Please also review AIHCP’s Case Management Certificate program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  These programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.

5 Reasons Why Private Medical Practices Fail and What To Do About It

Medical professional putting on a latex gloveWritten by Veronica Turner.

Running a successful medical practice offers a unique set of challenges. It’s not just about being an excellent clinician, but also about mastering the art of management and client support.

From underestimating the work involved to failing to plan for the future, there are several pitfalls that often cause private practices to fail. But with strategies like refining client satisfaction rates and carving out a unique position in the market, these hurdles can be tackled efficiently.

Why Private Medical Practices Fail and What To Do About It

In the high-stakes world of private healthcare, understanding why some medical practices falter is crucial. Let’s examine five reasons and explore strategic solutions to rectify these issues.

Doctor’s Underestimate the Work Involved

Building a business from scratch is a lot of work, but many doctors underestimate this. After all, they went through medical school, so how hard could creating a business be? Unfortunately, many doctors find out the hard way that running a private practice is incredibly difficult.

The biggest issue here is that doctors assume patients will simply come to them, especially since there’s a doctor shortage in the US. Not only are patients not guaranteed, but there’s so many more doctors to worry about. If they aren’t prepared, their private practice could fail.

How Doctors Can Be More Prepared

Take stock of everything you need to do before opening up your practice. For example, you’ll need to know where your practice will be located, if you’ll take insurance, and who your ideal clients are. This will give you a better idea of how to market to your patients and customers.

Next, consider how many clinician workers you’ll have, how much you’ll pay them, and how you’ll be able to afford bills and taxes. Finally, think of the licenses and regulations you need to follow to run your practice, including HIPAA, privacy policies, and legal documents.


Low Client Satisfaction is a Rampant Problem

Doctors routinely drop the ball when it comes to client satisfaction. If you look up most private practices in your area, you’ll notice a lot of low ratings. These ratings can either come from the doctor (not listening to patients), the practice (dirty office), or the reception (rude staff members).

Costs also play a part as to why private practices don’t pay attention to customer satisfaction. However, if you don’t spend money on keeping your clients, you’re going to lose them. Not only that, but there’s a possibility they’ll leave a negative review that deters future patients.

How to Improve Client Satisfaction Rates

The first thing you need to do is to follow the best patient retention strategies. You’ll need to return phone calls and emails quickly, create an easy-to-navigate website, and clean your office. Make sure you focus on client confidentiality and building an online scheduling system.

And above all else, hire good doctors. Your doctors should be able to listen to their patients and take their concerns seriously. They should have the time to sit with the patient. If your patients feel rushed or glossed over, you’ll have a hard time keeping your private practice open.


The Medical Practice Isn’t Unique or Informative

Doctor shortages are a massive problem, but this doesn’t mean patients will automatically sign up for your private practice. And even if they do, they won’t stay long. To actually attract clients and pull them away from your competition, you’ll have to do something unique and noteworthy.

And what if your patients can’t even find you when they look you up online? If they can’t locate your number or address or whether or not you’re accepting new patients, you’ll just frustrate and confuse your patients. Not only that, but they’ll feel like their time is being wasted.

How to Separate Yourself From the Competition

First, take a look at what other private medical practices are offering in your area. You should at least offer the services they do. Alternatively, you could be known for something. For example, if no one offers a blood lab on site, then it’s a great idea to provide this service to your patients.

Keep in mind that uniqueness won’t matter much if you don’t market your services appropriately. On your website and social media, and on traditional media, think about how you’d want your patients to remember you. Make advertisements that show what you value and how you’ll help.


Lack of Planning for Future Growth

All business owners need to have a present and future mindset. The present mindset is essential for preserving your reputation and keeping client satisfaction high. The future mindset is vital for attracting new clients and ensuring that you keep growing (or don’t go backward).

Without a growth mindset, it’ll be difficult for doctors to stay in the game. This is why goal setting is so important. If you don’t know where you’re going, it’ll be hard to get there. On top of this, you need to set the right goals. Aim too high or low, and you won’t reach what you set out to do.

How to Create Goals With Your Analytics

You can start by actually tracking your analytics by using tools like Google Analytics. From there, you can establish your key performance indicators or KPIs. These could include total appointments in a month, total gross income in a month, and customer satisfaction scores.

Use SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-Bound) goals to figure out what you want to achieve. A SMART goal could be, “I want to improve my customer satisfaction score by 25% in 2 months by calling clients back within 1 hour after leaving a message.”


Not Being Flexible or Adaptive

One of the most frustrating things a patient could ever experience is when a doctor isn’t up-to-date with research. Some doctors, for example, still tell concussion patients to avoid all stimuli within the first 48 days of the accident when this is proven to worsen symptoms.

A doctor’s lack of knowledge can affect their relationship with the patient and potentially hurt them. And even when a lack of flexibility isn’t this serious, it can still impact growth. For example, practices need to know about new marketing strategies to be successful.

How to Change With the Times

Make it mandatory for doctors to stay up-to-date with new medical information. Doctors should be tested to see if they can communicate with patients responsibly. If a doctor under your care provides poor medical advice, it’ll affect your patients, your bottom line, and your reputation.

Consider hiring a marketing team to find different ways to connect with your customers. Plenty of private practices are using tools like TikTok to connect with younger audiences. Also, consider writing a blog to improve your organic reach. This will help you populate on Google.


In Conclusion…

Navigating the complexities of running a private medical practice can be challenging, but with the right mindset and strategies, you’re more than equipped to turn obstacles into opportunities.

Remember not to underestimate the work involved, keep a keen eye on client satisfaction rates, and always stay unique and adaptive to changes. With meticulous planning for future growth guided by reliable analytics, success is just around the corner, no matter where you operate.


Author’s Bio: Veronica Turner is a health and lifestyle writer with over 10 years of experience. She creates compelling content on nutrition, fitness, mental health, and overall wellness.




Please also review AIHCP’s Case Management Certificate program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  These programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.

How to decide if a care home is right for your loved one

Smiling multiracial female physiotherapist assisting senior man in walking with walker at home. Unaltered, physical therapy, healthcare, patient, retirement, recovery, support, disability concept.

Written by Laura-Jane Evans

Taking the decision to move your loved one into a care home can be really tricky. They might object to the idea, or you might feel that you’re failing in your responsibilities to them. The truth is that the right care home can improve the quality of life for your loved one, and make it easier for you, allowing you to enjoy the time you spend with them rather than filling it with caring tasks. With over 1.3 million residents in care homes in the US, it’s clear that this is a decision many people will have to make at some point.

But choosing the right care home is a crucial part of the process. Every place will offer something slightly different, so it’s important to take your time and consider the options carefully so that everyone is happy. Let’s explore some of the factors you should consider.

Take time to understand what care they need

Sometimes, taking the decision to look at care homes is just the result of deteriorating health, but in many cases, it’s triggered by a feeling of overwhelm following a fall or something similar. This can make it hard to think carefully about what care your loved one needs, and if the home you’re looking at can offer that. If you feel that you need to move your family member urgently, you’ll feel under pressure to choose a place quickly.

However, taking the time to understand the care that they need is really important. Do you need to look for a specialist care home for a certain medical condition? Will they need ad-hoc support or around-the-clock care? Are they likely to need care at night? Will they have the chance to be independent if they want to, or does every resident get treated the same?

You can write down your own answers to these questions, but also make sure to ask your loved one if possible, or any carers you already have visiting on a daily basis. You can then use this list as a criteria for narrowing down your choices.

Consider the future

As well as understanding the care your loved one needs now, you’ll also need to consider what things might look like in the future. Unfortunately, things can deteriorate rapidly, and it might be wise to choose a care home that offers different levels of care as and when needed.

For example, if your relative only needs once-per-day check-ins now, but might need them more regularly in the future, make sure that is an option. It’s highly disruptive to move someone once they’re settled at a care home – and on the other end of the scale, you don’t want to force them to have full-time care and lose their independence if they don’t need it. Independent living is particularly vital for seniors, as it gives them a sense of control and purpose, as well as supporting their memory skills.

Look at the location of any potential care homes

The location of a care home is important for two reasons: proximity to family and friends, and proximity to local services if your loved one is able to use them. Firstly, you’ll want to make sure that your relative can have plenty of visitors if they’d like them, which means choosing a place that’s either close to as many people as possible, or has good transport links to enable them to get there easily. Part of the resistance to moving into a care home sometimes stems from the fear of being isolated and lonely, so do your best to combat this from the start, so it isn’t a barrier.

Secondly, not everyone who moves into a care home needs to remain in their room or in the home 24/7. Depending on their health, they may be able to go on planned excursions to the local town or the surrounding area. Care homes that are close to towns or other attractions are more likely to offer these sorts of trips, so consider this when making your choice. This may make moving into a care home more attractive to your loved one, especially if they can’t currently manage these sorts of trips themselves.

Meet the staff team

If you’re looking at care homes, it’s understandable that you’d want to ensure that the people who are looking after your loved one are kind, well-trained and compassionate. After all, they would be taking your place when you’re not there. So, when trying to decide if a care home is right for your family member, make sure you take the time to speak with the manager of the homes you’re considering, and visit in person if possible.

Care workers need to be dependable, good communicators and trustworthy, so look out for these traits in the staff when you make your visit. If they seem unorganized, unable to answer your questions, or like they’re rushing through their tasks, the home might not be the right fit.

Speak to your loved one

If your loved one is well enough to give input into this decision, then make sure to include them. This is a big change that will impact every part of their life, so whilst you might be taking the lead in making enquiries, they need to feel like they have a chance to contribute to the discussion. No one likes to feel blindsided, so before you make any commitments, make sure that you have their input about what they would like from their new home. By doing so, you are showing them that you see them as an individual, and give them the respect they deserve.


Author bio: Laura-Jane Evans

Having trained as a care worker initially, Laura-Jane now works in the community to provide social events and talks for seniors from surrounding nursing homes. She believes that everyone has the right to good care.



Please also review AIHCP’s Case Management Certificate program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  These programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.

5 Spectacular Benefits of Hydrotherapy for People with PMLD

Side view of wet-haired adult woman with eyes closed in bubbled water in spaWritten by Peter Rossi, in collaboration with Dr David McConaghy.


Nowadays, in the circles of doctors and medical experts, the therapeutic approach of hydrotherapy doesn’t go unheeded. It is based on warm water immersion and controlled movements, and it’s known for having many benefits for those facing the complex challenges of PMLD.

“Hydrotherapy can be used in any situation where someone has an injury or ailment that causes discomfort,” says doctor David McConaughey, who has been deeply engaged in scientific research on the effects of this form of therapy.

If you’ve always been keen on spending time in the soothing water and would like to try such a type of therapy but simply don’t know where to start, a high-quality hot tub is exactly what you need! Therefore, Hot Tub Reviews by the professional hot tub designer Peter Rossi might assist you in choosing the perfect option.

But if you want to take a deep dive into the topic of how hydrotherapy can help people with PMLD, this article is for you. Here, we’ll bring light to how the therapeutic properties of water, buoyancy, and sensory experiences can lead to muscle relaxation, sensory stimulation, pain management, cardiovascular health, social interaction, and emotional well-being.


What is PMLD?

PMLD, or Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities, is a term used to describe a severe and complex level of disability. According to fundamental studies, individuals with PMLD are profoundly limited in their understanding because of their substantial intellectual disability, which is shown by an estimated IQ of less than 20 [1]. Due to this fact, it is often extremely difficult for them to communicate with others.

Besides, people with PMLD usually may have multiple physical disabilities, including hearing, vision, and movement impairments as well as other issues, such as epilepsy and autism. Most members of them are unable to move without help, and many others have complicated medical conditions that require intensive care [1]. However, even though people with such a diagnosis face significant difficulties, it is important to recognize their inherent value and potential for growth and development.


  1. Improved Muscle Relaxation

When individuals with PMLD step into the warm water, the magic of hydrotherapy begins since the principle of buoyancy starts to work. Scientifically, buoyancy is the force exerted by a fluid that opposes the weight of an immersed object.

In simple words, when you’re in the water, the weight of your bones and muscles is reduced because the water practically supports your body. Such a process tends to reduce swelling and promote muscle relaxation [2]. It can be especially beneficial for people with PMLD, who often experience muscle stiffness and tension.

Also, let’s not forget that hydrotherapy sessions often involve carefully structured movements and exercises. Such movements take advantage of the water’s viscosity and resistance. When individuals move against this resistance in the water, their muscles engage in isometric and isotonic contractions, which stimulate muscle strengthening and flexibility.

Isometric contractions involve muscle tension without changes in muscle length, while isotonic ones make muscles shorten or lengthen while they are under tension. Both types contribute to improved muscle tone and mobility.


  1. Enhanced Sensory Stimulation

The interesting thing about hydrotherapy is that it engages multiple senses simultaneously. So, as soon as individuals with PMLD are immersed in warm water, they meet a whole range of sensory delights.

Firstly, the temperature of warm water can have a soothing effect on the nervous system, helping them to calm and relax. Also, various sounds of water in motion, like splashes and bubbling, can help people with PMLD tune into their surroundings. And, of course, the designs of hydrotherapy settings are often very aesthetically pleasant, and they can enhance the overall sensory experience as well.

Also, for people with PMLD, who may have heightened or diminished sensory responses, hydrotherapy can be an effective way to help them find a balance. The sensory input in a controlled environment can promote relaxation and improve sensory regulation.

Besides, it’s been proved by a lot of studies that hydrotherapy sessions lead to increased alertness and a sense of calmness in individuals with PMLD. For instance, in one of the studies conducted in 2011 with the participation of a patient with Parkinson’s disease, it was revealed that the patient got significant improvement in postural stability after aquatic therapy [3].


  1. Pain Management and Comfort

Many individuals with PMLD experience a considerable decrease in pain, and hydrotherapy sessions are capable of bringing them overall comfort.

How does it all work? Well, when immersed in warm water, the blood circulation increases, improving blood flow to sore or tense muscles and therefore reducing pain and discomfort. Moreover, the buoyant force of the water counteracts gravity, and due to this, it helps to reduce the pressure on joints, offering a reprieve from daily discomfort. This is especially beneficial for individuals with conditions who constantly suffer from joint pain.

Furthermore, in 2008, there was a research which contained the comparative analysis of water-based and land-based exercises for their ability to reduce pain. Eventually, it turned out that water-based exercise was superior to land-based exercise for relieving pain before and after walking [4].

Except for the physical benefits, hydrotherapy helps with stress reduction. For individuals with PMLD who may experience high levels of stress due to their condition, the calming properties of warm water can be a real salvation.


  1. Improved Circulation and Cardiovascular Health

One of the key factors in hydrotherapy’s impact on circulation is hydrostatic pressure, which is the force exerted on the body by the water. This pressure increases with the depth of immersion and, therefore, promotes better blood circulation throughout the body. It can be especially beneficial for people with PMLD who may face challenges related to blood flow.

Also, the warm water used in hydrotherapy sessions contributes to cardiovascular health. It causes blood vessels to expand, which lowers blood pressure and reduces strain on the heart. Such a gentle cardiovascular workout can improve heart function over time.

All these facts can be confirmed by the results of numerous studies. In particular, it was scientifically proven that various forms of hydrotherapy can improve cardiac function and also increase peripheral circulation in cerebral palsy [5].

What is also interesting is that hydrotherapy exercises performed in water are truly a unique form of cardiovascular exercise. The buoyant water reduces the impact on joints and, at the same time, provides resistance to movements. It gives a person who performs these exercises an excellent opportunity to strengthen the heart and improve overall cardiovascular fitness.


  1. Social Interaction and Emotional Well-being

Beyond its physical benefits, hydrotherapy gives individuals with PMLD a wonderful opportunity to develop the social and emotional aspects of their health. Increased engagement, reduced anxiety, and a greater sense of belonging – all of these can be observed thanks to the effects of hydrotherapy. How does it work?

First of all, hydrotherapy sessions often take place in a group setting, where people can interact with their peers and therapists. Moreover, hydrotherapy usually provides various activities where participants can engage with one another. It gives people with PMLD many opportunities to communicate and form strong connections.

Secondly, given the fact that individuals with PMLD sometimes are very limited in expressing their emotions, hydrotherapy can help to solve this problem as well. The thing is that the combination of the warm, calming water and the support of therapists can create a sense of security and trust. Therefore, such a pleasant environment can lead to increased emotional well-being.

And finally, since PMLD sometimes leads to feelings of isolation, hydrotherapy sessions can make people with such struggles feel real support and love. As a result, it can reduce these feelings of isolation and enhance emotional well-being.


In Conclusion

As you might have already got it, hydrotherapy makes true wonders. This special kind of treatment uses water to provide relief and comfort. It can be incredibly beneficial for a lot of people, and in particular for those who suffer from PMLD. It can help them improve muscle relaxation, sensory stimulation, pain management, blood circulation, cardiovascular health, and many more.

Yet, hydrotherapy is more than just physical therapy; it is a huge source of social interactions and emotional well-being. It provides individuals with PMLD the opportunity to communicate with their peers, build connections, and find joy in the warm embrace of water.

As you’ve learned about the five spectacular benefits of hydrotherapy for people with PMLD, you can now understand that this therapeutic approach is not a simple treatment. It is a way to a better and more comfortable quality of life.


  1. Boxall K. Involving people with profound and multiple learning difficulties in research: barriers and possibilities. Disability Studies Conference, University of Lancaster, September 2010. 24 p.
  2. Eversden L, Maggs F, Nightingale P, Jobanputra P. A pragmatic randomized controlled trial of hydrotherapy and land exercises on overall well-being and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2007;8:23.
  3. Vivas J, Arias P, Cudeiro J. Aquatic therapy versus conventional land-based therapy for Parkinson’s disease: An open-label pilot study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2011;92:1202- 10.
  4. Silva LE, Valim V, Pessanha AP, Oliveira LM, Myamoto S, Jones A, et al. Hydrotherapy versus conventional land-based exercise for the management of patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: A randomized clinical trial. Phys Ther 2008;88:12- 21.
  5. Mooventhan A, Nivethitha L. Scientific Evidence-Based Effects of Hydrotherapy on Various Systems of the Body. North American Journal of Medical Sciences. Ujire, Karnataka, May 2014. Volume 6, Issue 5. 11 p.


Author Bio:

Peter Rossi, an expert in the pool and hot tub industry and Dr David McConaghy  is a professional psychiatrist.




Please also review AIHCP’s Holistic Nursing Certificate program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  These programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.