Neurotransmitters and Mental Health

The Impact of Neurotransmitters on Mental Health

Neurotransmitters play a crucial role in mental health, impacting mood, cognitive function, and overall well-being. Imbalances in neurotransmitters can lead to mental health disorders, including depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia. Understanding the modulation of neurotransmitters in psychiatric treatment is essential for addressing mental health challenges. This article explores the impact of neurotransmitters on mental health and the implications for treatment and well-being.

Neurotransmitters play a key role in our mental health in regards to depression and anxiety.


Key Takeaways

  • Neurotransmitters significantly impact mental health, influencing mood, motivation, and overall well-being.
  • Imbalances in dopamine and serotonin levels can lead to mood disorders such as depression and anxiety.
  • Positive mental health practices, such as mindfulness and stress management, have neuroprotective effects through neurotransmitter release.
  • Resilience and mental health are closely linked to the brain’s ability to adapt and recover from challenges, influenced by neuroplasticity and neurotransmitter activity.
  • Antidepressants impact neurotransmitters like serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine, encouraging neuroplasticity and mood improvement.

Neurotransmitters and Their Role in Mental Health

Understanding Neurotransmitters

Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers in the brain responsible for transmitting signals between nerve cells. These chemical messengers play a crucial role in influencing various functions, including moodmotivation, and emotional responses. Two important neurotransmitters, dopamine and serotonin, are known to increase the chances of happiness and a sense of well-being. They enable communication between brain cells, affecting the overall mental state. In the context of mental health, understanding the role of neurotransmitters is essential for developing effective treatment strategies and improving overall well-being.

The Impact of Neurotransmitters on Mood Regulation

Neurotransmitters such as serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA), and noradrenalin (NE) play a crucial role in mood regulation, motivation, and emotional stability. Imbalances in the production of these neurotransmitters can lead to mood disorders, including depression and anxiety. When serotonin and dopamine levels are well-balanced, individuals are more likely to experience emotional stability, happiness, and satisfaction in their daily lives. However, low levels of dopamine can result in a lack of motivation, pleasure, and feelings of reward, while low serotonin levels can impact mood and emotional well-being. Understanding the dominance and deficit of neurotransmitters in the body is essential for maintaining overall health and well-being.

Neurotransmitters and Cognitive Function

Neurotransmitters play a crucial role in cognitive function, impacting memory, learning, and decision-making processes. The table below provides a summary of the cognitive functions influenced by key neurotransmitters:

Neurotransmitter Cognitive Function
Acetylcholine Memory and learning
Serotonin Mood regulation
Dopamine Reward processing

Understanding the intricate relationship between neurotransmitters and cognitive function is essential for comprehending the complexities of mental health and neurological disorders. It is imperative to acknowledge the multifaceted nature of neurotransmitter activity and its profound impact on cognitive processes.

Neurotransmitter Imbalance and Mental Health Disorders

Recent research indicates that the disordered metabolism of neurotransmitters plays a significant role in the pathophysiological process of depression. Studies have specifically shown that three neurotransmitters – serotonin (5-HT)dopamine (DA), and noradrenalin (NE) – have a significant impact on the brain circuits involved in motivation, emotion regulation, cognitive performance, and psychological stress responses of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Dysfunction of neurotransmitter metabolism is associated with the severity of depression in first-diagnosed, drug-naïve depressed patients. It is reasonable to deduce that 5-HT dysregulation exists in the onset of MDD, while DA and NE are also abnormal. Additionally, research has discovered that the imbalance of tryptophan (TRP) metabolism is often present in patients with MDD.

Neurotransmitter Imbalance in Anxiety Disorders

Neurotransmitter imbalance in anxiety disorders is a complex phenomenon that involves the dysregulation of key neurotransmitters such as serotonindopamine, and norepinephrine. These neurotransmitters play a crucial role in modulating mood, emotional responses, and the body’s stress response system. The imbalance of these neurotransmitters can lead to heightened anxiety, panic attacks, and other symptoms associated with anxiety disorders.

To illustrate the impact of neurotransmitter imbalance in anxiety disorders, the following table presents the quantitative data on neurotransmitter levels in individuals with anxiety disorders compared to healthy individuals:

Neurotransmitter Anxiety Disorder Healthy Individuals
Serotonin Decreased Normal
Dopamine Fluctuating Stable
Norepinephrine Elevated Normal

It is important to note that neurotransmitter imbalance in anxiety disorders is a multifaceted issue that requires comprehensive assessment and personalized treatment approaches. Individuals with anxiety disorders may benefit from a combination of pharmacological interventions, psychotherapy, and lifestyle modifications to address the underlying neurotransmitter dysregulation.

Neurotransmitter modulation in anxiety disorders is a dynamic area of research, and ongoing studies are exploring novel therapeutic strategies to restore neurotransmitter balance and alleviate symptoms.

Neurotransmitter Dysfunction in Schizophrenia

Dysfunction of neurotransmitter metabolism is a critical factor in the severity of schizophrenia. The imbalance in the glutamine-glutamate-GABA cycle has been linked to elevated plasma γ-aminobutyrate/glutamate ratio, which may influence responses to antipsychotic treatment. This suggests a potential association between neurotransmitter dysfunction and the management of schizophrenia. Further research is needed to explore the implications of neurotransmitter imbalance in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and its potential for targeted treatment strategies.

Neurotransmitter Modulation in Psychiatric Treatment

Pharmacological Modulation of Neurotransmitter Activity

Balance of certain amounts of levels of neurotransmitters are key to emotional and mental wellbeing


The pharmacological modulation of neurotransmitter activity plays a crucial role in psychiatric treatment. It involves the targeted manipulation of neurotransmitter levels to achieve therapeutic effects while minimizing side effects. This modulation is often achieved through the use of pharmacological agents that interact with specific neurotransmitter receptors and pathways.

In addition, recent studies have focused on the quantification of tryptophan metabolites and neurotransmitters in the serum and brain of mice using LC-MS/MS-based techniques. These studies have provided valuable insights into the quantitative aspects of neurotransmitter activity and its potential implications for psychiatric treatment.

Furthermore, while direct measurement of neurotransmitter levels in the living brain is technically impractical and unethical, there is growing evidence supporting the synchronization of peripheral neurotransmitter levels with brain tissues or CSF levels. This synchronization has opened new avenues for exploring the mechanisms of mental health disorders, particularly in relation to neurotransmitter imbalances.

Neurotransmitter-Based Therapies for Mental Health Disorders

Neurotransmitter-based therapies for mental health disorders focus on restoring the balance of neurotransmitters in the brain to alleviate symptoms of various mental health conditions. These therapies often involve the use of pharmacological agents to target specific neurotransmitter systems and regulate their activity. Additionally, lifestyle modifications such as exercise, diet, and stress management are recommended to support the effectiveness of neurotransmitter-based therapies.

  • Pharmacological agents target specific neurotransmitter systems
  • Lifestyle modifications support the effectiveness of therapies

It is important to emphasize the holistic approach to mental health treatment, integrating both pharmacological and lifestyle interventions to address neurotransmitter imbalances effectively.

Challenges in Targeting Neurotransmitters for Treatment

The challenges in targeting neurotransmitters for treatment are multifaceted and complex. Precise modulation of neurotransmitter activity in the brain is a significant hurdle, as direct measurement of neurotransmitter levels in the living brain is technically impractical and unethical. However, there is increasing evidence supporting the synchronization of peripheral neurotransmitter levels with the brain tissues or CSF level. This presents an opportunity for indirect assessment and modulation of neurotransmitter activity.

To address these challenges, researchers have explored the role of neurotransmitters and their metabolites in mental health disorders, particularly Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). A preliminary investigation was conducted to assess the feasibility of using neurotransmitters as a tool for anticipating MDD, highlighting the potential clinical applications of this research.

In a cross-sectional study, 87 first-diagnosed, drug-naïve patients with depression and 50 healthy controls were included. The study focused on the levels and turnovers of various neurotransmitters, including glutamine, glutamic acid, GABA, kainate, VMA, MHPG, NE, HVA, and dihydroxy-phenyl acetic acid. This quantitative approach aimed to establish a link between neurotransmitters and MDD, paving the way for objective laboratory prediction of neurotransmitter involvement in MDD.

Neurotransmitter modulation plays a crucial role in psychiatric treatment, influencing mood, behavior, and mental health. Understanding the impact of neurotransmitters such as serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine is essential in developing effective treatment strategies for various psychiatric disorders. At the American Academy of Grief Counseling, we recognize the significance of neurotransmitter modulation in addressing grief-related mental health challenges. Our grief counseling certification programs provide comprehensive education on the intersection of neurotransmitter function and psychiatric treatment, empowering counselors to offer holistic support to individuals coping with grief and loss. Connect with us to explore our certified grief counselor courses and continuing education opportunities.


In conclusion, the impact of neurotransmitters on mental health is profound and multifaceted. Understanding the role of neurotransmitters is crucial for improving both mental and physical health, as they impact sleep, anxiety, concentration, and overall well-being. Imbalances in neurotransmitters like dopaminenorepinephrine, and adrenaline can affect mental abilities, mood, and the ability to react sensibly to aggression. Additionally, neurotransmitters like acetylcholine and serotonin not only affect the brain but also have a direct impact on the body, including memory, cognition, body movement, and bowel movement. Restoring and maintaining a healthy gut can have a significant impact on overall health, including reducing symptoms of depression and improving the functioning of the nervous system. Understanding the dominance and deficit of neurotransmitters in our bodies can have a significant impact on our overall health and well-being.

Please also review AIHCP’s mental health certifications and see if they meet your academic and professional goals


Please also review AIHCP’s Mental Health Certifications.  The programs range from Grief Counseling to Stress Management  to Crisis Intervention to Anger Management.  There are multiple other topics that many licensed counselors, social workers, pastoral care givers would find useful in their work.  The programs are online and independent study.  Please review


Frequently Asked Questions

What are neurotransmitters and how do they impact mental health?

Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers in the brain that play a crucial role in regulating mood, motivation, and overall well-being. Imbalances in neurotransmitters can lead to mood disorders such as depression and anxiety.

Which neurotransmitters are associated with mental health disorders?

Dopamine and serotonin are two essential neurotransmitters associated with mental health disorders. Imbalances in their production can lead to mood disorders such as depression and anxiety.

How do neurotransmitters impact cognitive function?

Neurotransmitters like acetylcholine and serotonin not only affect the brain but also have a direct impact on cognitive function, memory, body movement, and bowel movement.

Neurotransmitter imbalances, particularly low levels of dopamine and serotonin, are associated with depression. Low levels of these neurotransmitters can lead to a lack of motivation, pleasure, and feelings of reward.

How do antidepressants impact neurotransmitters?

Antidepressants adjust how the brain uses certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and sometimes dopamine, to improve mood and behavior. They can also encourage a process called neuroplasticity, which allows the brain to change its structure.

What role does neuroplasticity play in mental health?

Neuroplasticity, the brain’s capacity to reorganize itself, plays a pivotal role in resilience and the brain’s ability to adapt and recover from challenges. It allows the brain to change its structure by strengthening or weakening connections between neurons.

Can restoring and maintaining a healthy gut impact mental health?

Restoring and maintaining a healthy gut can have a significant impact on overall mental health, including reducing symptoms of depression and improving the functioning of the nervous system.

What challenges exist in targeting neurotransmitters for treatment?

Challenges in targeting neurotransmitters for treatment include the complexity of the brain’s chemical balance, individual variations in neurotransmitter levels, and the potential for side effects from pharmacological modulation.

Meta Description

Explore the impact of neurotransmitters on mental health, from their role in mood regulation and cognitive function to their link with mental health disorders and psychiatric treatment. Understand the neurobiology of resilience and the role of neurotransmitters in brain health.

Additional Resources

“Neurotransmitters”, Cleveland Clinic. (2022). Access here

“What Are Neurotransmitters?”. Cherry, K. (2023).  Very Well Mind.  Access here

“What are neurotransmitters?”. Berry, Jennifer. (2024). Medical News Today. Access here

“Neurotransmitters and Mental Health: Understanding the Impact”. Khaliq, R. (2023). Med Vidi. Access here

Crisis Intervention and Policing De-Escalation Video

The sacred trust between police and public has never been more strained.  Between dangerous criminals, mental illness, political scrutiny, police corruption, racial profiling and riots, the police are held to a high standard they cannot sometimes keep.  Good cops carry the greatest burden due to coverups and corrupt officers.  Calls involving those with mental defects or drug addictions can turn violent and fatal fast.  Besides reducing corruption, policing needs to return to better relationships with the public and also ensure officers are trained in de-escalation and not fatal tactics with others.  Crisis Intervention Training is key for this to be successful.

De-escalation in policing and understanding how to react with police is critical. Please also review AIHCP’s Crisis Intervention Certification

In unison though, respect of police and proper reactions to officer safety is key.  Individuals need to know their rights but they must also work with the police to ensure safety and open lines of communication.  Unfortunately, sometimes profiling or bad police officers can make this difficult but it is still critical to de-escalate a bad officer in the moment and live later to find justice than be shot.

Please also review AIHCP’s Crisis Intervention Program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  The program is online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification




Please review the video below

Recognize and Act in Regards to Mental Illness Symptoms

Everyone in life has something mentally not balanced or perfect.  Neurotransmitters can be slightly off for a period of time or someone may even have a life time of imbalance and require medication to rectify it.  Some suffer minor issues without need of medication but only require counseling and better coping strategies.  Many have minor mental diagnosis with things such as ADHD, OCD, depression, or anxiety.  Depending on the severity will determine the strength and duration of the care.

Many mental illness symptoms are minor such as ADHD, OCD or anxiety but they can become severe unless treated


Others may have suffered trauma in life and require more intensive care and treatment.  Those with PTSD may require more intense care to help manage symptoms and triggers, while others may experience issues later in life from early childhood trauma, such as Bi-Polar Disorders, Borderline Personality Disorders and Attachment Disorders.  In addition, some individuals may experience deeper rooted mental illness within family history and due to genetic issues.  Psychosis and delusions can result from Schizophrenia or other mental maladies.  Others may inherit through lack of discipline or consequences behavioral mental illnesses that are anti-social in nature.  These individuals will manifest little care or regard for others, norms or values.

With this in mind, it is obvious that mental illness is a broad spectrum term.  Like all health, it is important to identify and not neglect.  Many feel stigma and shame associated with it because most of society labels mental health as one thing. Instead mental health can be tied to very minor and everyday disorders to severe issues.  Some cases can be minor, while some very serious.  Hence it is important to not neglect one’s mental health, feel stigmatized by it, or ignore the symptoms that may arise.

Some mental illnesses have their own types of symptoms, but for everyday individuals not suffering from severe past trauma, dealing with delusions, or possessing an anti-social personality, most can find cope and medicate if necessary and find balance in daily life.  Many with bi-polar depression, clinical depression, anxiety, ADHD, or OCD are able to function at high levels with the proper counseling and guidance.

The article, “Warning Signs of Mental Illness” from the APA lists a variety of symptoms of mental illness symptoms that if persist need assistance from a mental health care professionals.  While many of these issues may be temporary or minor and not related to a serious mental issue, it is important to find help to better cope and heal.  The article states,

“Major mental illnesses such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder rarely appear “out of the blue.” Most often family, friends, teachers or individuals themselves begin to recognize small changes or a feeling that “something is not quite right” about their thinking, feelings or behavior before a illness appears in its full-blown form. Learning about developing symptoms, or early warning signs, and taking action can help  ensure prompt treatment. Early intervention CAN help reduce the severity of an illness and interruptions in quality of life and functions. It may even be possible to delay or prevent a major mental illness altogether.”

“Warning Signs of Mental Illness”. APA.

To read the entire article, please access here

Most mental illness usually manifest in the teen age years or grows as result of trauma, especially if left untreated.  Many individuals ignore their mental health and later in early adulthood can face multiple issues they may not understand.  Those with attachment issues, or borderline personality disorders, or even bi-polar may find it very hard to function and maintain relationships and jobs.  It is hence important to track one’s moods seriously to see if anything unhealthy may be manifesting.  Most experts agree that one should not permit a mental or emotional symptom to persist longer than 2 weeks without seeking mental health assistance.

Symptoms of mental illness can be mental, emotional and physical. Please also review AIHCP’s Healthcare Certification programs


Some of the more common mental health changes are in mood.  Some common changes include anxiety, lack of interest, sudden and dramatic mood shifts, apathy, suicidal ideation, and withdraw from life.  Mental health also affects physical health.  Hormones and neurotransmitters can become imbalanced leading to mood shifts, but also affect physical energy levels, sensory perception,  increase fatigue or even cause the opposite and prevent one from sleeping.   It can also negatively effect appetite. In addition, individuals habits may change.  One may enter into a manic state, or withdraw, while others may turn to substance abuse, or abrupt sexual encounters.  Sudden changes like this in personality are signs of a problem.    Other changes can include negative effects on logical thinking processes.  Individuals may contemplate ridiculous and over exaggerated thoughts about self, or even become delusional and enter into states of psychosis in regards to reality.  Confusion, loss of time, worry, or fear can be signs of a pending problem.

All of these signs can vary in severity, frequency, or intensity, but if persistent over time represent some type of mental change that needs to be addressed.  Something may be resurfacing from the past, or something may be developing that needs addressed.  Sometimes it may even be physiological and connected to a physical issue.  Tumors on the brain are an example.

Like physical symptoms telling oneself our body has a cold or the flu, we need to also notice these symptoms and not merely displace them or move on.  With physical symptoms, one makes an appointment with a doctor.  If something does not seem right, one finds the help they need to correct it.  Mental health requires the same focus and care.  Symptoms are a result of an issue that needs addressed.  While many may be minor, some may not be and looking into it and finding the help one needs can be a the difference between life and death.


Mental health is as important as physical health.  They are actually very much interconnected.  Ignoring it due to shame or stigma can lead to greater issues.  Usually most mental health issues are minor and require temporary medication and learning ways to cope, but sometimes they can be more serious pointing to one’s past, a serious emerging problem, or something that is related to physical health.  It is important to find help to reduce the possibility of more severe illness.

Never put aside mental illness for feelings of shame or stigma. Instead treat it like any physical health issue and see a professional.


Please also review AIHCP’s multiple mental health certifications for mental health care professionals and those in ministry and human services.  The certifications are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification.  AIHCP offers certifications for mental health care professionals and those in human services in Grief Counseling, Anger Management, Stress Management, Substance Abuse Counseling, ADHD Consulting and Crisis Intervention Consulting.  Please review any of AIHCP’s healthcare certifications

Remember certified and pastoral counselors can only help with non pathological issues.  Licensed professional counselors can help with deeper issues regarding pathology, but many licensed counselors also enhance their resume with certifications.

Additional Resources

“Signs of Mental Illness”. Frysh, P.  (2022). WebMD.  Access here

“Warning Signs and Symptoms”. NAMI. Access here

“Mental health: What’s normal, what’s not”. Mayo Clinic.  Access here

“Mental Health Diagnosis: Symptoms, Types, and Treatments”. Morin, A. (2023). VeryWellMind.  Access here

The High Financial Cost of Depression

Depression is on the rise and it is not cheap.  While loneliness and the post pandemic world wrestle with the mental health issues that have added, individuals are beginning to see the rising cost of depression.  While only world wide, 5 percent suffer from depression, it still costs the world economy over 1 trillion dollars.  Also, for every dollar, it is important to note that additional funds go towards negative ways of coping.

The financial cost of depression and similar treatments are in the trillions of dollars worldwide


The article, “Depression is costing the global economy a ‘profound’ $1 trillion per year, warns U.S. Surgeon General” by Alexa Mikhail takes a closer look at these stats and how it is costing the global economy.  He states,

“As health officials continue to sound the alarm on the growing loneliness epidemic, U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Vivek Murthy says the prevalence of depression is closely linked. Loneliness and social isolation increase the risk for mental health problems, including depression. About 280 million people—or 5% of adults globally—have depression, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).”

“Depression is costing the global economy a ‘profound’ $1 trillion per year, warns U.S. Surgeon General”. Mikhail, A. (2023). FortuneWell.

To review the entire article, please click here

In the United States, the cost for depression is over 250 million alone and it continues to rise as more become depressed through the years.  What is causing this? Many blame loneliness.  Some blame the pandemic as well.  Regardless, investment needs to be put into helping individuals cope better with loss and if depressed, find the right help and learn how to cope and find healing.   Remaining permanently dependent on medication is not the answer for everyone either.  Some severe cases may need long term, but those with minor cases need coping as well to balance the issue within the mind.  The high cost of pharmaceutical drugs is astounding and depression is only aspect of it.  In addition anxiety, OCD, ADHD and other minor disorders are constantly treated rising the price globally.

So in essence, it is important to find the reason why depression is increasing, treat it more cost effectively and help people return to normal with stronger coping mechanisms.

Healthcare expenses related to mental health

One of the primary financial costs of mental health is the healthcare expenses associated with diagnosis, treatment, and ongoing care. Mental health services, including therapy, medication, and hospitalization, can be prohibitively expensive for many individuals and families. Insurance coverage for mental health varies widely, with some plans offering limited coverage or high out-of-pocket costs. As a result, individuals often face significant financial strain when seeking the help they need.

Moreover, the lack of accessible and affordable mental healthcare options exacerbates the financial burden. Limited availability of mental health providers, especially in rural areas, means that individuals may have to travel long distances or pay exorbitant fees for specialized care. This further contributes to the hidden costs of mental health.

Lost productivity and economic impact

Another significant financial cost of mental health is the loss of productivity in the workforce. Mental health conditions can lead to decreased work performance, absenteeism, and even long-term disability. According to a study conducted by the World Health Organization, depression and anxiety disorders alone cost the global economy over $1 trillion in lost productivity each year.

Employers also bear the financial burden of mental health issues among their workforce. They face increased healthcare costs, decreased productivity, and higher turnover rates. Additionally, the stigma surrounding mental health often leads to a reluctance among employees to seek help, resulting in prolonged suffering and further financial strain.

The cost of untreated mental health conditions

Unaddressed mental health conditions can have severe consequences, both for individuals and society. Without proper diagnosis and treatment, these conditions often worsen over time, leading to increased healthcare costs and reduced quality of life. The cost of untreated mental health conditions extends beyond the individual, affecting families, communities, and the economy as a whole.

Individuals with untreated mental health conditions are more likely to engage in risky behaviors such as substance abuse, which further compounds the financial burden. The costs associated with addiction treatment, legal issues, and lost productivity due to substance abuse can be astronomical.

Financial burden on individuals and families

The financial burden of mental health falls heavily on individuals and their families. The cost of therapy sessions, medication, and other treatments can quickly add up, straining budgets and depleting savings. In some cases, individuals may be forced to choose between paying for mental healthcare and meeting other basic needs, such as housing or food.

Furthermore, the impact of mental health on employment can lead to job loss, reduced income, or increased healthcare expenses. This creates a cycle of financial instability and stress, exacerbating the mental health condition and making it even more challenging to seek help.

The role of insurance coverage in managing mental health costs

Insurance coverage plays a crucial role in managing the financial costs of mental health. The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act, passed in the United States in 2008, requires insurance plans to provide equal coverage for mental health and substance abuse services. However, despite this legislation, many individuals still face significant barriers to accessing affordable mental healthcare.

Employers can play a vital role in ensuring comprehensive mental health coverage for their employees. Offering robust insurance plans that prioritize mental health services and provide adequate coverage can help alleviate the financial burden on individuals and families. Additionally, advocacy for broader insurance coverage for mental health treatments can contribute to a more inclusive and supportive healthcare system.

Strategies for reducing the financial burden of mental health

Addressing the hidden financial costs of mental health requires a multi-faceted approach. Here are some strategies that can help reduce the burden:

  1. Early intervention and prevention: Investing in early intervention programs and preventive measures can help identify and address mental health issues before they escalate. By providing accessible and affordable mental healthcare at the early stages, individuals can receive timely support, reducing the need for more extensive and costly treatments later on.
  2. Education and awareness: Raising awareness about mental health and destigmatizing seeking help is crucial. By promoting understanding and empathy, society can create an environment where individuals feel comfortable seeking treatment, reducing the financial burden associated with untreated conditions.
  3. Integration of mental health into primary care: Integrating mental health services into primary care settings can improve access and reduce costs. By offering mental health screenings and treatments in the same setting as physical health care, individuals can receive holistic care that addresses all aspects of their well-being.
  4. Community support and resources: Communities can play a vital role in supporting individuals with mental health conditions. By establishing support groups, providing resources, and fostering a sense of belonging, communities can help reduce the financial burden on individuals and families.

Conclusion: Investing in mental health for a healthier and wealthier society

The financial costs of mental health are often hidden behind the emotional and psychological toll that these conditions take on individuals and their loved ones. However, addressing these costs is essential for creating a healthier and wealthier society. By investing in accessible and affordable mental healthcare, promoting early intervention and prevention, and reducing the stigma surrounding mental health, we can alleviate the financial burden on individuals, families, and communities. It is time to recognize and prioritize mental health as an integral part of overall well-being and work towards a future where everyone has equal access to the support they need.

Depression care has numerous costs. Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling Certification


Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling Certification.  Grief Counselors can better help individuals cope with loss and take workload from LPCs and other necessity of medicative needs.  While certified Grief Counselors can only help with basic loss and not depression or more severe maladies, they can play a key role in helping those suffering.  Some Grief Counselors are also LPC’s though and with a certification in Grief Counseling can confidently help those with depression.


“The Economic Cost of Depression is Increasing; Direct Costs are Only a Small Part”. (2021). American Psychiatric Association. Access here

“How Much Does Depression Cost?”. Cherney, K. (2020). Healthline.  Access here

“The Costs of Depression”. Kessler, R. (2012). National Library of Medicine.  Access here

“Depression Cost the US $326 Billion Per Year Pre-Pandemic, a 38% Increase Since 2010”. (2021). Cision.  Access here


What is “High Functioning” Depression?

A interesting term gaining momentum in mental health is “high functioning” depression.  It is not a new type of depression.  Major Depressive Disorder which last up to 2 weeks, or Season Affective Disorder which coincides with the season, or even Persistent Depressive Disorder which is chronic are all major types of depression seen in individuals.  Whether one is high functioning or unable to function does not differentiate the type, but it does point out towards a person’s attitude towards being depressed and possibly the intensity of the one experiencing depression.

High Functioning Depression is not a type of depression but an attitude that looks to ignore the symptoms despite the mental health risks


The article, “High-Functioning Depression: the Symptoms and Treatments” by Paul Wynn takes a closer look at this type of depression.  Again, he reiterates that there is no clinical term for high functioning depression but merely more of an attitude towards it.  He states,

“The American Psychiatric Association’s official diagnostic handbook does not recognize high-functioning depression as a clinical disorder. It’s also not a common term used among doctors to classify patients; High-functioning depression is one way people talk about having a depressive disorder to friends and family. “When speaking to my patients, I never describe them as a person with high-functioning depression; it’s just not a term we use around the office,” says Dr. Lorenzo Norris, associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences and chief wellness officer at the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences in Washington, D.C.”

“High-Functioning Depression: the Symptoms and Treatments”. Wynn, P. (2022). US News.

To read the entire article, please click here


Like any depression, one who experiences it, still faces the basic symptoms.  Those with high functioning depression are no different.  Individuals suffer from low self esteem, lack of energy, increased irritability, loss of interest, preferred isolation, and overall apathy.  The difference is how they manage it and react to it.  The ability to still perform tasks,  go to school or work, or still manage to be seen, stems more towards the severity of the depression itself, or the attitude towards it.  Numerous individuals who still keep functioning despite depression, usually are suffering from a more mild form of Major Depressive Disorder but many also have certain attitudes or feelings towards mental illness.

Some individuals may see mental health as something of a stigma or something to be ignored.  They may come from families where mental health issues are a sign of weakness and that individuals should work through their feelings and not permit them to affect their everyday work.  These types of individuals may see depression as an excuse or a weakness within character that others employ to escape reality.  They do not wish to be seen as weak or unable to cope

This is the case with many in business who feel they cannot be seen as weak or unable to perform tasks.  Instead of dealing with the emotions, they bury them and proceed forward.  Others may see they do not have the time to be mentally ill and need to focus on tasks and others under their care.  Hence an image and responsibility overtakes these types of individuals where they feel the need to hide the emotions, or dismiss them so that they can continue to operate at a high level.  These types of individuals may also ignore other health issues, but mental health is definitely something they do not have time to worry about.

Helping Those Who Do Not Want Help

Those around colleagues or family members will see the signs of depression. While the person remains seen, functioning and performing duties, the person still will manifest signs of depression.  Increased irritability and lack of patience in daily tasks will mount over time.  Disorganization, emotional outbursts and more fatigue may also start to manifest.  Maybe, the individual will also express less interest in hobbies, or activities outside of work or school.  They may not find interest in things that usually excite them.  For this reason, only those closest can truly tell if someone who is high functionally and depressed needs help.  Others from a distance will not know the individual well enough to pinpoint the exact issue.

Those close the person, can better see the wearing of depression upon an individual and look to help the person find help.


Once something is noticed, the closest within the circle and have an intervention and discuss the issues.  This may not be the most pleasant discussion but an emotional inventory needs to be completed.  The individual may finally admit to not feeling his or her best and finally admit certain feelings.  It is critical to identify these feelings so the person may receive the counseling or medication necessary to prevent further worsening of the condition and mental decline.  When individuals ignore mental symptoms of a larger problem, they do not usually disappear but only worsen.  This will not only negatively effect the person’s health but also eventually wear down on the ability of the person to function.


High Functioning Depression is not a different type of depression but a type of depression combined with a particular person’s attitudes about mental health. It may have to do some with severity of the depression but it usually has to do with a person’s attitude about mental health or the person’s roles that he or she feels cannot be put to the side.  It is hence important for individuals close to the person to help the person realize the importance of finding treatment and educating them on the issues that surround untreated depression itself.

Many individuals see depression as a sign of weakness. Please also review AIHCP’S Grief Counseling Program


Grief Counselors, as well as licensed counselors can help individuals find the help they need.  Grief Counselors can direct clients to licensed therapists who can better help those with any type of depression find the balance and counseling they need to better cope with it.  Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling Certification and see if it matches your academic and professional goals.  The program is online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification in Grief Counseling.

Additional Resources

“What is high-functioning depression?”. Coelho, S. (2020). Medical News Today.  Access here

“What Is ‘High-Functioning’ Depression?”, Gupta, S. (2022). VeryWellMind. Access here

“What does ‘high-functioning depression’ mean? We asked experts”. Chiu, A. (2022).  The Washington Post. Access here

“Please Stop Thinking My High-Functioning Depression Makes Me Lazy”. Shannon-Karasik, C. (2019). HealthLine.  Access here


Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention

Suicide occurs primarily due to a unhealthy mental state of mind.  Most individuals are truly victims of their own hands.  Due to intense trauma, crisis, or over bearing chronic depression, the unhealthy state can lead to suicide.  There are signs and remarks that can be red flags for counselors, friends or family.  There are a variety of assessments that review a person’s intent, plan and ability to carry it out as well.  These tools are all extremely valuable in identifying higher risk individuals who express suicidal ideation.

Suicide is rarely a choice but due to an unstable mental mindset due to crisis, depression, or severe trauma


Statistically, men are more likely to commit suicide.  Various demographics vary and differ based on gender, faith, community, social support and individual coping abilities.  It is essential to treat all suicidal threats as serious and take appropriate action to help the person.  Crisis Intervention Specialists help individuals de-escalate from intense crisis and emotional instability in hopes of preventing an individual from making taking one’s own life in a moment of despair, intellectual confusion, and mental imbalance.

The article, “Suicide Prevention Must Expand Beyond Crisis Intervention” by Samoon Ahmad takes a closer look at preventing suicide and helping others cope through the it’s thoughts.  Ahmad states,

“There is no positive spin that one can put on the fact that just under 50,000 Americans chose to end their lives last year. And while there may not be a silver lining in this story, we at least have the epidemiological tools to better understand where more suicides are happening and who is more likely to die by suicide, which may eventually help us understand why the number of suicides is climbing. Though it is a category error to treat suicide as no different than a disease, there are most certainly social factors that are contributing to the rise in suicides, and they are affecting some communities more than others.”

“Suicide Prevention Must Expand Beyond Crisis Intervention”. Ahmad, S. (2023). Psychology Today

To review the entire article, please click here


Mental health is a crucial aspect of our overall well-being. It affects how we think, feel, and act, and influences our ability to handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Unfortunately, mental health issues, including the risk of suicide, are prevalent in our society. Understanding the importance of mental health and gaining knowledge about suicide prevention and crisis intervention is essential for everyone. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the various aspects of mental health, delve into the understanding of suicide, identify risk factors and warning signs, discuss the role of crisis intervention, effective communication techniques, available resources, ways to support those struggling with mental health issues, and initiatives to promote mental health and well-being in our communities.


The Importance of Mental Health Awareness

Mental health awareness is vital for several reasons. First and foremost, it helps to eliminate the stigma surrounding mental health issues. By increasing awareness and promoting open conversations, we can create an environment where individuals feel comfortable seeking help and support. Furthermore, understanding mental health allows us to recognize the signs and symptoms of mental illnesses, providing an opportunity for early intervention and treatment. Mental health awareness also plays a crucial role in suicide prevention, as it enables us to identify individuals who may be at risk and offer them the support they need.

Understanding Suicide and Its Prevalence

Suicide is a tragic and complex issue that affects individuals of all ages, genders, and backgrounds. It is essential to gain a deeper understanding of suicide in order to address this problem effectively. Suicide is often a result of various factors, including mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, and substance abuse. It is crucial to recognize that suicidal thoughts and behaviors are not signs of weakness or attention-seeking but rather indications of severe distress and a cry for help. By understanding the underlying causes and risk factors associated with suicide, we can work towards prevention and provide support to those in crisis.

Risk Factors and Warning Signs of Suicide

Identifying the risk factors and warning signs of suicide is crucial in preventing tragic outcomes. Some common risk factors include a history of mental health disorders, previous suicide attempts, family history of suicide, access to lethal means, and social isolation. It is important to note that these risk factors do not necessarily mean that someone will attempt suicide, but they can help us recognize individuals who may be more vulnerable. Additionally, being aware of warning signs, such as talking about suicide, expressing hopelessness or worthlessness, withdrawing from social activities, and giving away belongings, can help us intervene and provide the necessary support.

The Role of Crisis Intervention in Suicide Prevention

When diagnosing suicidal thoughts, one goes through a rigorous process of risk assessment and viability of the plan


Crisis intervention plays a pivotal role in suicide prevention. When someone is in crisis, immediate action is required to ensure their safety and well-being. Crisis intervention aims to provide support, stabilization, and assistance to individuals who are experiencing acute psychological distress or contemplating suicide. It involves active listening, empathetic communication, and connecting individuals with appropriate resources. Crisis helplines, such as suicide hotlines, provide a valuable service by offering immediate assistance to those in need. Trained crisis intervention professionals can help de-escalate the situation, assess the level of risk, and guide individuals towards appropriate help.

Effective Communication Techniques in Crisis Situations

In crisis situations, effective communication techniques are crucial for providing support and promoting a sense of safety and trust. Active listening, empathy, and non-judgmental attitudes are essential components of effective communication. It is important to create a safe and supportive environment where individuals feel comfortable expressing their emotions and concerns. Reflective listening, paraphrasing, and summarizing can help demonstrate understanding and validate the individual’s experiences. Additionally, using open-ended questions can encourage individuals to share their thoughts and feelings more openly. By employing these techniques, we can foster a connection and provide the necessary support during a crisis.

Resources for Mental Health Support and Crisis Intervention

There are various resources available for mental health support and crisis intervention. National and local helplines, such as suicide hotlines, provide immediate assistance to individuals in crisis. These helplines are staffed by trained professionals who can offer support, guidance, and resources. Additionally, mental health organizations and community clinics often provide counseling services, therapy, and support groups. Online platforms and mobile applications also offer resources and tools for mental health support. It is important to familiarize ourselves with these resources and share them with others to ensure that individuals in need can access the help they require.

How to Support Someone Who May Be Struggling with Mental Health Issues

Supporting someone who may be struggling with mental health issues requires empathy, understanding, and patience. It is crucial to create a safe and non-judgmental environment where individuals feel comfortable discussing their feelings and concerns. Listen actively and without interruption, allowing them to express themselves fully. Avoid offering unsolicited advice or making judgments. Instead, provide reassurance, validate their experiences, and encourage them to seek professional help. Offer to accompany them to appointments or help them research available resources. By being a supportive presence, you can make a significant difference in someone’s life.

Promoting Mental Health and Well-being in Your Community

Promoting mental health and well-being in your community is a collective effort that can have a profound impact on individuals’ lives. Start by raising awareness and reducing the stigma surrounding mental health through educational campaigns and community events. Encourage open conversations about mental health and provide opportunities for individuals to share their experiences. Advocate for mental health resources and support services in your community, such as counseling services, support groups, and crisis helplines. Additionally, promote self-care practices and stress management techniques, such as exercise, mindfulness, and healthy coping mechanisms. By fostering a supportive and inclusive community, you can contribute to the overall mental well-being of those around you.

Mental Health Initiatives and Organizations

Numerous mental health initiatives and organizations are dedicated to raising awareness, providing support, and advocating for mental health. These initiatives work tirelessly to reduce the stigma surrounding mental health, promote access to mental health resources, and support individuals in crisis. Examples of such organizations include the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), Mental Health America (MHA), American Foundation for Suicide Prevention (AFSP), and Crisis Text Line. These organizations offer resources, educational materials, and platforms for individuals to share their stories. By supporting and engaging with these initiatives, you can contribute to a healthier and more compassionate society.

Conclusion: Taking Action to Support Mental Health and Prevent Suicide

Those in crisis need guidance. Please also review AIHCP’s Crisis Intervention Specialist Certification and see if it meets your goals


Understanding the importance of mental health and taking action to support individuals in crisis is crucial for suicide prevention. By increasing mental health awareness, identifying risk factors and warning signs, utilizing effective communication techniques, and providing support, we can make a significant difference in someone’s life. It is essential to familiarize ourselves with available resources and promote mental health initiatives in our communities. By working together, we can create a society that values mental health, provides support to those in need, and prevents the tragedy of suicide.

Please also review AIHCP’s Crisis Intervention Specialist Program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  The program is online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification in Crisis Intervention.


Additional Resources

988 Suicide & Crisis Lifeline.  Access here

Suicide Prevention. CDC. Access here

“Suicide: What to do when someone is thinking about suicide” Mayo Clinic Staff. (2023). Mayo Clinic. Access here

“Suicide Prevention”. (2023). APA. Access here

Mental Health Response Teams

There is no doubt that police reform is a necessary reality.  Police responses to mental health emergencies can end tragically for the person suffering from a mental health issue.  Those suffering from mental health issues cannot be treated like criminals nor expected to respond perfectly when confronted.  Some of the burden falls on bad policing such as seen in the George Floyd case, while others are due to poor training to respond to mental health calls.   The demand to comply and when someone with mental issues does not comply can lead to deadly consequences for the mentally ill.   Police not only need to be better trained in de-escalation but also need training in Crisis Intervention  and identifying mental illness cases.   In addition, bad cops need to be removed.

Police training needs to include crisis intervention. Please also review AIHCP’s Crisis Intervention Program


One other option is the creation of mental health response teams that specialize in mental health calls.  Instead of the standard policing, these professionals are trained in mental health, crisis intervention,  and de-escalation.   While it is a very difficult job for police to enter upon a scene where possible danger lurks, the public demands more than the average tolerance when police arrive, especially when confronting someone on drugs or facing a mental crisis.  The article, “The Overlooked, Enduring Legacy of the George Floyd Protests” by Tahir Duckett looks at the need since 2020 to find alternative response teams to deal with mental health calls.  Duckett  states,

“The shift towards non-police responses to mental health and other calls for service is a consequential one. One in five police killings involve a person in mental health crisis. But just as important, a system of alternative first response represents a framework in which cities begin to respond to people with the care they need–not just the gun, badge, and handcuffs we have available.”

“The Overlooked, Enduring Legacy of the George Floyd Protests”. Duckett, T. (2023). Time.

To read the entire article, please click here

Crisis Intervention and mental health training for key response teams to mental emergency calls can provide better care and response to the community, limiting fatal encounters with law enforcement and those in mental crisis.   The police are not equipped with the training to handle many of these issues and resort to comply or not comply suppression of a alleged perpetrator. In many cases, these non-criminals, are tackled, shocked, choked, beaten or shot because they do not comply due to their mental distress.   Better training within the departments for mental health response is key but also again a reform of departments to remove aggressive and abusive officers.

Cities should choose between two options.   All options involve Crisis Intervention and Mental Health training for all officers, but response teams should be police teams especially trained for ONLY mental health calls, or hybrid teams with police and a social worker or mental health care professional providing support.


Crisis lines are lifelines for individuals experiencing a mental health crisis. They serve as a bridge between the person in crisis and the appropriate help they need. These helplines offer a safe and confidential space for individuals to express their thoughts and emotions without fear of judgment. Trained crisis line operators provide active listening, empathy, and validation, which can be immensely comforting for someone in distress.

Moreover, crisis lines serve as a gateway to mental health services. The operators can provide information and referrals to mental health professionals, community resources, and support groups. They can guide callers to appropriate interventions, such as therapy, counseling, or psychiatric services. By connecting individuals with the right resources, crisis lines play a crucial role in supporting mental health and preventing crises from escalating.

The significance of crisis lines in police and crisis intervention

Law enforcement agencies often find themselves responding to crises involving mental health issues. Crisis lines play a significant role in assisting police officers in these situations. When faced with a mental health crisis, officers can reach out to crisis lines for guidance and support. Trained professionals on the other end of the line can provide valuable insights on how to approach the situation, ensuring the safety of both the individual in crisis and the officers involved.

Crisis lines also act as a valuable resource for police officers who may not have extensive training in mental health crisis intervention. By consulting with crisis line operators, officers can gain a better understanding of the individual’s needs and receive guidance on de-escalation techniques. This collaboration between crisis lines and law enforcement helps to prevent unnecessary use of force and promotes a more compassionate approach to crisis intervention.

Crisis line services and their impact on mental health crises

Crisis lines offer a wide range of services that have a profound impact on mental health crises. Firstly, crisis lines provide immediate emotional support to individuals in distress. The simple act of having someone to talk to during a crisis can be incredibly comforting and help alleviate feelings of isolation and despair. Crisis line operators are trained to listen actively, validate emotions, and provide a non-judgmental space for individuals to express their thoughts and feelings.

Secondly, crisis lines offer information and referrals to appropriate mental health resources. Individuals in crisis may not be aware of the available support systems and treatment options. Crisis line operators can provide valuable information about local mental health services, support groups, and even financial assistance programs. By connecting individuals to the right resources, crisis lines help facilitate access to care, which is crucial for managing mental health crises effectively.

Lastly, crisis lines play a critical role in suicide prevention. Many crisis lines have specialized training in suicide intervention techniques. Operators are equipped to assess the level of risk and provide appropriate intervention strategies. They can offer support, encouragement, and guidance to individuals contemplating suicide, while also connecting them with emergency services or local mental health professionals.

The connection between crisis lines and de-escalation training for police officers

One of the key aspects of crisis intervention is de-escalation. De-escalation techniques aim to defuse tense situations and reduce the need for physical force. Crisis lines and de-escalation training for police officers go hand in hand in promoting safer crisis interventions.

Crisis lines provide valuable insights and guidance to officers on de-escalation strategies. By consulting with crisis line operators, officers can gain a better understanding of the individual’s emotional state and tailor their approach accordingly. Crisis line operators can offer suggestions on how to communicate effectively, maintain calmness, and diffuse potentially volatile situations. By incorporating crisis line guidance into their practice, officers can employ more empathetic and compassionate techniques, resulting in safer and more successful crisis interventions.

Benefits of crisis lines in reducing police use of force incidents

The integration of crisis lines in police and crisis intervention has numerous benefits, including a reduction in police use of force incidents. Crisis line operators are specially trained to handle crisis situations and provide support to individuals in distress. By collaborating with crisis line professionals, police officers gain access to valuable expertise that can help them navigate potentially volatile encounters with individuals experiencing a mental health crisis.

Better mental health training can help reduce unneeded fatalities of the mentally ill during police calls


When officers have the support and guidance of crisis lines, they are more likely to approach situations with empathy and understanding. Crisis line operators can offer alternative strategies to de-escalate situations, reducing the need for physical force. By employing these techniques, officers can promote a more peaceful resolution and minimize the risk of harm to both themselves and the individuals they are assisting.

Studies have shown that crisis lines, when integrated effectively into crisis intervention protocols, can significantly reduce the incidence of police use of force. By providing officers with the resources and knowledge necessary to handle mental health crises, crisis lines play a vital role in creating safer outcomes for all parties involved.

Case studies showcasing the effectiveness of crisis lines in mental health support

Numerous case studies highlight the effectiveness of crisis lines in providing mental health support and preventing crises from escalating. One such example is the Crisis Text Line, a text-based crisis line service. Research conducted on the Crisis Text Line has shown that individuals who reach out for support experience a significant decrease in suicidal ideation and an increase in their ability to cope with their mental health challenges.

Another case study examined the impact of crisis lines in reducing emergency department visits for individuals in crisis. By providing immediate emotional support and helping individuals access appropriate resources, crisis lines were able to divert individuals from seeking emergency care unnecessarily. This not only reduces the burden on emergency departments but also ensures that individuals receive the most appropriate and timely care for their mental health needs.

These case studies demonstrate the effectiveness of crisis lines in providing timely and accessible mental health support. By intervening early and providing support when it is most needed, crisis lines have the potential to save lives and improve the overall well-being of individuals experiencing a mental health crisis.

Challenges and limitations of crisis lines in police and crisis intervention

While crisis lines play a crucial role in promoting mental health support, they also face certain challenges and limitations. One of the challenges is the availability of resources. With the increasing demand for crisis line services, it can be difficult to ensure that there are enough trained professionals to handle the volume of calls effectively. Long wait times or limited availability may hinder individuals from accessing immediate support when they need it most.

Moreover, crisis lines may not always be able to address the complex needs of individuals in crisis. While crisis line operators are trained to provide emotional support and referrals, they may not have the expertise to provide long-term counseling or therapy. In these cases, it is essential to ensure that individuals are connected with appropriate mental health professionals who can provide ongoing care and support.

Additionally, crisis lines may face challenges in collaborating with law enforcement agencies. Building effective partnerships between crisis lines and police departments requires ongoing communication, training, and shared protocols. Without proper coordination, the potential benefits of crisis lines in crisis intervention may not be fully realized.

Future developments and improvements in crisis line services

As the demand for crisis line services continues to grow, there is a need for ongoing development and improvement. One area of improvement is the use of technology to enhance crisis line services. Text-based crisis lines, like the Crisis Text Line mentioned earlier, have shown great promise in reaching individuals who may not feel comfortable speaking on the phone. Incorporating video chat or other digital platforms can further enhance accessibility and convenience for those seeking support.

Another area of development is the integration of crisis lines with other mental health support systems. By strengthening connections between crisis lines, mental health professionals, and community resources, individuals can receive more comprehensive and coordinated care. This collaboration can help ensure that individuals experiencing a mental health crisis receive the most appropriate support and follow-up care.

Furthermore, ongoing training and professional development for crisis line operators are essential. As the field of mental health evolves, crisis line operators need to stay up to date with the latest research, best practices, and cultural competency training. This ongoing education can enhance their ability to provide effective support and adapt to the changing needs of the individuals they serve.

Conclusion: The ongoing need for crisis lines in promoting mental health support

In conclusion, crisis lines play a vital role in police and crisis intervention by promoting mental health support. They provide immediate emotional support, information, and referrals to individuals in distress. Crisis lines also assist police officers in de-escalation techniques, reducing the use of force incidents. Despite challenges and limitations, crisis lines have proven to be effective in preventing crises from escalating and improving outcomes for individuals experiencing a mental health crisis.

Teaming police up with mental healthcare professionals is an excellent solution to reducing injury to the mentally ill


As the demand for mental health support continues to rise, it is crucial to invest in the ongoing development and improvement of crisis line services. By leveraging technology, strengthening collaborations, and providing continuous training, crisis lines can better meet the needs of individuals in crisis and ensure that they receive timely and appropriate support. With their invaluable role in promoting mental health, crisis lines are an essential component of crisis intervention and a lifeline for those in need.

Please also review AIHCP’s Crisis Intervention Specialist Program and see if it meets your academic and professional goals.  The program is designed for qualified professionals seeking a four year certification in Crisis Intervention.  It is an online and independent study program designed to help working professionals earn a certification to enhance their professional career.

Additional Resources

“A Look at Police Reform and Mental Health Crises—Has Any Progress Been Made?”. Styx, L. (2022). VeryWellMind. Access here

“Amid calls for police reform, better training needed to handle mental health emergencies: Experts”. Pereira, I. (2020).  ABC NEWS.  Access here

“Mental Health And Police Violence: How Crisis Intervention Teams Are Failing”. Westervelt, E. (2020). NPR. Access here

“A look at the effort to expand mental health workers’ role in policing”. Hughes, T. (2022). USA Today.  Access here

Mental Health Stigma

When someone is physically ill with symptoms one goes to one’s physician.   When someone is sick or ill, others do not consider it a handicap.  If one has diabetes, they do not discriminate or spread gossip in a negative way.  Yet, the moment someone has a mental health issue, various nicknames or prejudices emerge that the person is weak or even worst crazy.  Society has laid a stigma upon the idea of mental health as not a legitimate health issue and makes individuals ashamed of their condition or and feel foolish to seek help.

Mental health needs the same care one gives to physical health. Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling Certification


One can see it in social norms that demand men should never cry, or one should get tougher when it gets life gets rough.  No wonder there is a mental illness crisis in the United States with numerous mentally ill not receiving care and some even resorting to suicide or mass shootings.  While those who engage in anti social behavior are of the most smallest percentage of those facing mental issues, there are millions who suffer from unresolved trauma, depression, bi-polar, anxiety, ADHD, OCD and a host of other conditions.  If individuals would treat their mental health as their physical health, many would lead far more happier and productive lives.

Please also review AIHCP’s Grief Counseling Certification as well as AIHCP’s other multiple mental health certifications in Anger Management, Stress Management, Crisis Intervention and Substance Abuse Practitioner.   The programs are online and independent study and open to qualified professionals seeking a four year certification in any of the above programs.


Please review the video below

Behavioral Health and Stigma

When someone is physically ill, they consult with a physician.  When someone is wounded they go to the emergency room and receive the necessary care and bandages.  Yet, for whatever reason, when someone is mentally ill or mentally wounded, individuals ignore it, or seek no professional care for these types of wounds or illnesses.   Individuals may consider wounds to the mind and soul as inferior, or since they cannot be seen, not worthy of medical attention.  Others may be embarrassed or see mental wounds as the wounds of weak people.  Culture has created the image of the tough minded person who never sheds a tear or allows anything to bother and has glorified this type of person as attractive and admirable.  In addition, culture looks at mental sickness and associates it with crazy.  The stigma of crazy and psychotic associated with mental wounds wards off individuals from seeking help for fear of ridicule in social, professional and family settings.

Mental Health is many times forgotten because of self image and stigma associated with it


All of these issues and stigmas leave mental health as something is neglected and forgotten for many.  Yet, while invisible, mental health is a serious issue for millions of Americans.  With rising shootings, mental breakdowns, and uncivil rest, mental illness is a serious issue in America.  Millions suffer from depression, anxiety, or other unresolved traumas that haunt them.  Instead of seeking the professional guidance they need, they instead hide, neglect, ignore, or push through the mental situation.

False imagery of strength, stigma associated with mental illness and neglect of mental health as opposed to physical health all play three key components for mental health neglect.  It is hence important to recognize mental health as a pivotal part of human health and to recognize emotional wounds as deep and painful as physical wounds.  Stigmas about mental health tying it together with psychotic or crazy need to be removed and individuals need to find the counseling and medication they need to find healing and peace with the mental issues they may face on a day to day basis.

The article, “Mental health: Overcoming the stigma of mental illness” from the Mayo Clinic Staff takes a closer look at stigma and the problems it can cause with mental health.  The stigma is not only an external issue found in society but also a self imagery stigma that many possess itself.  The article states,

“Stigma is when someone views you in a negative way because you have a distinguishing characteristic or personal trait that’s thought to be, or actually is, a disadvantage (a negative stereotype). Unfortunately, negative attitudes and beliefs toward people who have a mental health condition are common.”

“Mental health: Overcoming the stigma of mental illness”. Mayo Clinic Staff. Mayo Clinic. May 24th, 2017.  Mayo Clinic

To access the full article, please click here

Overcoming Stigma in Mental Health

Overcoming stigma with mental health starts first with oneself.  It involves dismissing past archetypes of what a strong person is or is not.  For example, the old image that men should not cry is an older image that associated all males must be strong and never show weakness or tears.  This type of image can cause intense emotional damage to a man who is experiencing the mental wounds of depression.  Individuals who experience issues with depression, anxiety, OCD, ADHD, unresolved trauma, or PTSD need to understand that what they feel is natural and involves an invisible wound that is no less real than a physical wound.  Seeking help does not make one weak, it merely shows one is wounded.  If one is limping on the side of a road after a car accident, one openly seeks assistance.  Seeking the same assistance for mental wounds is no less a necessity.

It is important to dismiss past stigma and images of mental health and instead treat mental health like any physical wound


Many may also fear losing a job, or being discriminated or mocked or bullied over seeking help.   This type of behavior, while becoming less, is still prevalent in today’s society but as more and more public figures emerge who acknowledge their inner wounds, the more recognizable these things come.  Instead of mockery, individuals are applauded for showing the strength to ask for help and seek treatment.

Treatment is key, but also is support.  Individuals can find common ground with others who suffer from the same mental issues.  Instead of isolating and self doubting one self, support groups are a great way to find strength and support and the discovery that such issues are not just existent within oneself.   Through support, fear, shame and anxiety over mental health can be dismissed, as well with stigma.

Most importantly, one learns to understand that identity is never equated to condition.  Simply because one suffers from say, Bi-Polar Depression, does not equate one as a sad person but a person who experiences a condition that needs treatment itself.


Removing stigma and becoming more aware is a cultural and social necessity.  Within mental illness, there exists a personal, public and institutional stigmas that can hamper one from seeking and eventually overcoming mental illness.

Within the personal arena, individuals can see themselves as dangerous, incompetent, weak or to blame for their condition.  This all leads to lower self esteem, self doubt and an overwhelming feeling of failure and helplessness.

Within the public sector, there exists within society a feeling that individuals with mental illness are dangerous incompetent, weak or to blame for their very condition as well.  This can lead to employers being wary to hire individuals with mental illness history or open opportunities to these types of individuals.

This translates within the institutional level, where there exists intentionally or unintentionally a prejudice against those who are mentally ill.

Support groups can help individuals see common issues faced and help individuals find strength in recovery

The answer is to make mental illness more public.  To explain what certain conditions are and for individuals of power or place in society to claim their issues and show their strength.  In essence, it is critical to turn the story from one of fear and weakness to one of admiration and strength.  It is important for society to show solidarity, the same as society does for those who suffer from cancer or other physical diseases.  It is also important for society to show compassion for those who suffer from mental illness instead of dismissing it.

Better Words

Instead of saying demeaning, dismissing or detrimental words to those who open up, individuals need to be more encouraging in their words.  Phrases such as it could be worst, should be replaced with thank you for opening up to me.  Other phrases such as deal with it, snap out of it, be happier, we all been there, or you caused this should be replaced with how can I help, I am sorry this must be tough, I am here for you, how are you feeling, or how can I help you?

“Stigma, Prejudice and Discrimination Against People with Mental Illness”. APA. August 2020. APA.  Access here



Mental health is health and needs addressed. Please also review AIHCP’s Behavioral Health Certifications


Mental health should be valued and equated to physical health but social stigmas can prevent those seeking help or feeling the importance of finding help.  Whether its poor self image, or fear of intimidation or ridicule, society has to become better in supporting those with mental health issues and encouraging their strength to come forward and ask for help.  With so many mental health issues in the United States, it is important to address mental health and remove stigmas.

Please also review AIHCP’s numerous behavioral health certifications for qualified mental health care professionals.  The programs include Grief Counseling, Crisis Intervention, Stress Management, Anger Management, Spiritual and Christian Counseling, as well as programs such as Clinical Hypnosis and EFT.  The programs are online and independent study and offer professionals an opportunity to earn a four year certification in their discipline of choice.


“Stigma, Prejudice and Discrimination Against People with Mental Illness”. APA. August 2020. APA.

“Mental health: Overcoming the stigma of mental illness”. Mayo Clinic Staff. Mayo Clinic. May 24th, 2017.  Mayo Clinic


Additional Resources

“What is mental health stigma?”. Lois Zoppi. November 10th, 2020. Medical News Today.  Access here

“How We Can Change the Stigma Around Mental Health”. Eleesha Lockett. October 26th, 2022. Healthline. Access here

“Understanding (and Getting Past) the Mental Health Stigma”. HealthEssentials. June 2nd, 2020. Cleveland Clinic.  Access here

“What Is Stigma?”. Ashley Olivine. February 10th, 2022. VeryWellhealth. Access here

What Is IOP in Mental Health?

Man lying on sofa talking to his therapist at therapy sessionWritten by Sam Darwin

IOP stands for Intensive Outpatient Program and patients with mental health issues are usually treated using this program. They go to treatment sessions like the in-patients, but the treatment is given during the day and not overnight.

The patients divide their time between home and the IOP center. These intensive outpatient programs aim to stabilize patients. They teach them techniques to manage their mental health conditions. Here’s what you need to know about IOP.


What Is Intensive Outpatient Treatment?

Intensive outpatient treatment is a form of mental health care. It provides the structure and support of therapy in a less restrictive setting than inpatient treatment. IOP aims to help you learn how to manage your symptoms and live more independently.

Intensive outpatient treatment consists of weekly or biweekly sessions. These are a combination of individual therapy and group therapy. Treatment is provided at a clinic or hospital, and patients attend for about four hours per day, five days a week. The length of the program varies, but it generally lasts between three months and one year.

IOP treatment focuses on helping you learn how to manage your mental health issues to live successfully in the community. Treatment often includes medication management and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).


How Long Does Intensive Outpatient Treatment Last?

Depending on the patient, intensive outpatient treatment lasts anywhere from four to twelve months. The number of hours per week varies by treatment center but typically ranges from four to five hours a day.

In some cases, intensive outpatient treatment may be combined with partial hospitalization. This is for patients who need more intensive care than usual outpatient treatment can provide. How long you stay depends on several factors, including:

  • For how long have you experienced symptoms of mental illness?
  • Your support system at home (e.g., family members, friends)
  • Your financial situation
  • Your ability to follow through with treatment recommendation

Suppose you have been diagnosed with a mental illness and have difficulty managing your symptoms. Or you’re having difficulty functioning at home or in your workplace. In that case, you might enjoy intensive outpatient treatment. Participating in this program will likely improve your mood, energy, and productivity.


Who Needs Intensive Outpatient Treatment?

IOP can help people diagnosed with a mental health disorder, such as depression or bipolar disorder. It’s also used to treat those struggling with alcohol or drug addiction.

IOP is appropriate for people who:

  • Have had a recent mental health crisis and are at risk of harming themselves or others
  • Have been hospitalized in the past six months and need additional therapy to prevent future hospitalizations
  • Are unable to take medications as prescribed because they have side effects
  • They are having trouble managing their symptoms without medications. This includes people who have tried medications but stopped taking them for side effects or other reasons.


girl sitting on the bank of the river

How Can I Get Started In IOP?

Inpatient treatment programs can be an important part of your recovery. You will gain from inpatient treatment if you struggle with a mental health condition. The level of care and support you receive from an inpatient treatment program will depend on the type of program you choose. Many different levels of care are available (IOP and residential treatment programs).

To start the process, you’ll have to contact your insurance provider to find out which facilities they cover. Once you have that information, it’s time to start looking into the different types of programs available near where you live or work.

Some people prefer to go straight into a residential program. Others prefer an intensive outpatient program first. Either way, getting started is as easy as visiting and setting up an appointment for an assessment.


How Does IOP Help People With Mental Illness?

Inpatient treatment is one of the most effective ways to treat a person who has a severe mental illness. Inpatient treatment takes place in a hospital or other residential treatment facility. Here, professionals can receive around-the-clock care.

People hospitalized for mental illness often need more intensive services than outpatient treatment. This includes medication management and therapy. IOP can help people who are struggling with mental illness for a variety of reasons:

  • They may need more support than what their primary care provider offers.
  • They may have already been hospitalized but still have some symptoms that need to be addressed before returning home.
  • They may be unable to participate in outpatient therapy due to other factors such as work or family responsibilities.


How Does Intensive Outpatient Treatment Work?

Intensive outpatient treatment allows you to receive the same level of care that you would get in a hospital setting. But, the treatment is delivered on an outpatient basis. You will not be admitted to an inpatient unit or need to stay overnight. Instead, intensive outpatient programs usually involve regular visits with a therapist and group therapy sessions.

Intensive outpatient treatment may include individual and family therapy sessions if needed. These programs are designed for people who can’t leave their jobs or families for long periods.

Group therapy often involves working with patients who have similar issues as yourself, such as anxiety or depression. A therapist might also recommend joining a support group after intensive outpatient treatment. This way, you have someone else to talk to about your experiences.

Individual therapy is often used as a supplement to group therapy. It helps patients address specific problems related to their mental health issues. For example, suppose someone has an anxiety disorder and is having trouble leaving home every day for work. In that case, individual therapy could help them learn strategies for dealing with this problem to continue working without feeling anxious all day long.


Woman in mental health treatmentHow Does IOP Differ From Traditional Outpatient Programs?

In-patient treatment is one of the most effective options for individuals with severe mental illnesses. These services provide intensive care under a team of qualified professionals. They provide immediate help and support to patients who need it most.

In-patient treatment programs are very different from outpatient programs. Traditional outpatient programs are designed for people who live locally. They can attend regularly scheduled appointments during the week.

These outpatient programs aim to help patients maintain their independence. They teach skills and provide support. This allows them to live safely in the community without requiring constant supervision.

In-patient programs, however, provide 24-hour care in a controlled environment with many therapeutic services available on-site or nearby. While patients are not required to stay overnight, they can still stay for several days or weeks, depending on their needs and recovery plan.

In-patient psychiatric treatment provides intensive care for individuals suffering from severe mental illnesses.


What Types of Therapy are Offered During Intensive Outpatient Treatment?

The type of therapy offered in an intensive outpatient program depends on the needs of the individual. In general, most intensive outpatient programs offer a combination of therapies, including:

  • Individual therapy. This can include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), dialectical behavioral therapy, or supportive psychotherapy.
  • Group counseling. These groups are often led by a licensed mental health professional. They focus on recovery and addiction, stress management, or anger management.
  • Family therapy. Some clinics offer family therapy, including individual sessions with parents and their children. They also have group sessions for families who want to support each other through treatment.
  • Brief medication management (BMM). Suppose you have been prescribed medication for your mental health condition during an intensive outpatient program treatment. In that case, you may also be eligible for BMM sessions with a psychiatrist or medical doctor. This professional should specialize in treating mental health conditions with medications.


Importance of Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP)

IOPs aim to manage your symptoms, learn new skills, and improve your overall quality of life. Your psychiatrist and therapist will help you develop a treatment plan based on your needs and goals.

The benefits of IOP include:

  • A flexible schedule allows you to work, attend school, and take care of other responsibilities.
  • It helps you learn how to manage stress, handle problems in relationships, and cope with urges.
  • Providing a safe place to receive treatment while maintaining normal activities
  • You get a customized treatment plan based on your needs and goals
  • Short-term therapy can address specific issues in your life, such as depression, anxiety, or substance abuse.
  • The opportunity to learn new skills to cope with symptoms and develop healthy relationships with others
  • You’ll get support from other people trying to overcome similar problems.



It is vital to remember one of the essential aspects of mental health: you are not alone. It can be difficult to remember even someone with a history of depressive episodes. IOP programs or therapy groups may help offer reassurance even with a mental illness. There is contact with others, and there will always be contact with others.

And no matter what, you are never alone. When you need inpatient treatment for mental health, it is crucial to choose a facility based on the needs of your loved one. IOP has many benefits and can help progress and maintain recovery.



If you are interested in more information visit AIHCP’s Crisis Intervention Program here